Presentation on theme: "Jimmy Carter, Playboy interview 1976"— Presentation transcript:
1Jimmy Carter, Playboy interview 1976 CHAPTER 30Crisis of Confidence1969 – 1980“I have looked on a lot of women with lust. I’ve committed adultery in my heart many times. God recognizes I will do this and forgives me.”Jimmy Carter, Playboy interview 1976
2“They asked if I’d fight for my country. I answered the FBI yeah, I will point a gun for my country,But I won’t guarantee you which way.”Woody GuthrieSource: Pete Seeger -- an original verse, sung to Acres of Clams"We are all capable of believing things which we know to be untrue, and then, when we are finally proved wrong, impudently twisting the facts so as to show that we were right. Intellectually, it is possible to carry on this process for an indefinite time: the only check on it is that sooner or later a false belief bumps up against solid reality, usually on a battlefield." George Orwell [1946 essay "In Front of Your Nose."]"I don¹t see why we need to stand by and watch a country go communist.” Henry Kissinger [about Chile’s election of Salvadore Allende]
3"Anyone who has the power to make you believe absurdities has the power to make you commit atrocities." Voltaire"Learning is not compulsory. Neither is survival." -- W. Edwards Deming, business consultant and author"Allow the President to invade a neighboring nation, whenever he shall deem it necessary to repel an invasion, and you allow him to do so, whenever he may choose to say he deems it necessary for such a purpose -- and you allow him to make war at pleasure. Study to see if you can fix any limit to his power in this respect, after you have given him so much … [power]. If, today, he should choose to say he thinks it necessary to invade Canada, to prevent the British from invading us, how could you stop him? You may say to him, 'I see no probability of the British invading us' but he will say to you, 'Be silent; I see it, if you don't.'" Congressman Abraham Lincoln during era of "Polk's War" (Lincoln: Speeches and Writings , The Library of America)
7Joan Baez and Bob DylanAt the Newport (Rhode Island) Jazz Festival in 1963, Joan Baez and Bob Dylan performed as folksingers who worked in the tradition of protest songs. Two years later in Newport, Dylan shocked the popular music world by replacing his acoustic instrument with an amplified guitar and backup and jump-starting a fruitful blending of folk, country, and rock music into radical new sounds. AP/Wide World Photos
8Kim Phuc, napalm victim, Viet Nam This Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of 9-year-old Kim Phuc , center, running after an aerial napalm attack on her village in 1972 was taken by Associated Press photographer Nick Ut (Cong Ut). Kim suffered burns over 65% of her body. She survived and is now a peace activist. AP/Wide World Photos
9 The War in VietnamThe United States attacked North Vietnam with air strikes but confined large-scale ground operations to South Vietnam and Cambodia. In South Vietnam, U.S. forces faced both North Vietnamese army units and Viet Cong rebels, all of whom received supplies by way of the so-called Ho Chi Minh Trail, named for the leader of North Vietnam. The coordinated attacks on cities and towns throughout South Vietnam during the Tet Offensive in 1968 surprised the United States.
10Richard NixonSp Ct appointments -- Burger [Haynesworth/Carswell] Blackmun, Rehnquist, PowellRevenue Sharing – block grant v. formula [liberal v. conservative]Clean Air, EPA, Endangered Species, COLAs, Philadelphia planPentagon Papers, EllsbergWatergateFurman v. Georgia 1972Roe v. Wade 1973VietnamizationImpeachment
11Chapter Concepts Woodstock Music and Art Fair Timothy Leary, Aldous Huxley, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman, YippiesJefferson Airplane, Beach Boys at BC , Jimi HendrixKent State UniversityEqual Rights Amendment [ERA]La Raza UnidaWatergateRoe v. WadeHenry Kissinger, Détente, 1973 Chile, VietnamizationGeorge Wallace, George McGovernGerald FordJimmy Carter -- Camp David Accords [Sadat and Begin]Pentagon Papers, Daniel EllsbergDick Tut in Orange County, “The people have spoken, the b…….s”Jim Jones in GuyanaStudents for a Democratic Society [SDS], Port Huron Statement, Tom HaydenFree Speech Movement [FSM], Mario Savio, Jane Fonda, Noam Chomsky
12Additional Concepts NIMBYs William Julius Wilson 1978 Bakke California’s Proposition 13 in 1978Anastasio Somoza, Sandinistas1980 Olympic Games boycott / AfghanistanAyatollah Ruholla Khomeini, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi [Shah]MarielitosOctober surprise? 1980Stagflation – unemployment with inflationKern Council for Civic Unity, BC’s Duane Belcher Ad-Hoc BCSDHEW Hearing, 1974 – Bakersfield City School District – de jure v. de factoMinority Coalition, 1970s Kern CountyHerb Klein, San Diego Union, Press SecretaryCSNY – Chicago and Ohio [songs]Angela Davis, George Jackson [“Soledad Brother”]My Lai – Lt. Calley, Seymour Hersh1973 Wounded Knee, Dennis Banks, Russell Means in Kern County
13Chapter ReviewExplain the significance of Vietnamization as a cornerstone of Nixon’s foreign policy.Describe the agendas of minority and women’s rights activists at the start of the 1970s.List the major accomplishments of the Nixon administration in foreign affairs outside of Vietnam. [Détente, China]Briefly outline the events that culminated in the Watergate scandal.Explain the reasons for the oil crisis of the early 1970s.Identify some of the policies promoted by Jimmy Carter when he became president in 1976.
14BibliographyWilliam Julius Wilson, The Declining Significance of Race: Blacks and Changing American Institutions Gary Sick, October Surprise Jimmy Carter, Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President Barbara Ehrenreich, Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class 
15Chronology1973 Roe v. Wade legalizes abortion / national gov't [Sp. Ct.] forces all states to allow abortionsArab embargo sparks oil crisis in the USConstruction of Alaska oil pipeline begins1974 Richard Nixon resigns presidency; Gerald FordPresident Ford pardons Nixon and introduces anti-inflation programCommunity Development Act funds programs for urban improvementCoalition of Labor Union Women formed1975 Unemployment rate reaches nearly 9 percentSouth Vietnamese government falls Anti-busing protests break out in BostonNew York City government declares itself bankrupt
161976. Percentage of African Americans attending college peaks at 9. 3 1976 Percentage of African Americans attending college peaks at 9.3 percent and begins a declineHyde Amendment restricts use of Medicare funds for abortionsTom Wolfe declares "the Me Decade"Jimmy Carter is elected president1977 President Carter announces human rights as major tenet in foreign policyStagflation-- unemployment and inflationDepart. of Energy is established1978 Bakke v. University of California new limits on affirmative action Senator Edward Kennedy calls attention to "a permanent underclass"Panama Canal Treaties arrange for turning the canal over to Panama by 2000Camp David meeting terms for Middle East PeaceCalifornia passes Proposition 13, cutting property taxes and government social programsInflation reaches 10 percent
171979 Three Mile Island nuclear accident threatens a meltdown Moral Majority is formedSALT II treaty is signed in Vienna but later stalls in the SenateNicaragua Revolution [Sandinistas] overthrows Anastasio SomozaIranian fundamentalists seize the U.S. embassy in Tehran and hold hostages 444 daysSoviets invade AfghanistanEqual Rights Amendment, three states short of ratification, gets a three-year extension but eventually dies anyway1980 United States boycotts Olympic Games in Moscow due to Afghanistan
18I. America United and Divided Neil Armstrong walks on moon and young people celebrate Woodstock in 1969Nixon begins “Vietnamization” -- bringing American troops homeAnti-war movement escalates, with Kent State best exampleAmericans learn more about events in Vietnam and become even more divided
19II. Activism, Rights and Reform Women’s rights see some improvementMinority groups push for rights as wellAfter not receiving black votes, Nixon shows little concern for civil rightsNixon impacts Supreme Court, especially with Warren BurgerRoe v. Wade abortion ruling stuns countryCourt also attacks lingering segregation
21III. New Directions at Home and Abroad Nixon restructures welfare and returns much control to state levelFirst Earth Day is celebrated in 1970, and Nixon joins ranks of environmentally awarePresident supports CIA in covert actions in Latin AmericaNixon visits China and eases tensions with Soviet Union
22IV. Four More Years?Watergate Hotel burglary goes unnoticed by most, and Nixon wins landslide victoryAmerica withdraws from Vietnam in “exit without honor”Watergate leads to Nixon’s resignation, and Gerald Ford becomes presidentWar in Middle East, and American support for Israel, bring oil embargo against U.S.
24V. Gerald Ford in the White House Ford pardons Nixon and offers “conditional amnesty” to Vietnam draft evaders, angering many AmericansNorth Vietnam takes South VietnamAmericans view Ford as unpreparedJimmy Carter wins 1976 election
26VI. The Carter YearsCarter supports civil rights, but affirmative action still polarizes nationPresident oversees return of Canal Zone to Panama and orchestrates Camp David Accord between Israel and EgyptInflation, high unemployment, and energy crisis burden AmericaIranian hostage situation unseats Carter
32Antiwar ProtestsAntiwar protests were simultaneously symbolic and disruptive. Some activists dumped jars of animal blood over draft-board records. Others tried to block munitions trains. In October 1967, a hundred thousand people marched on the Pentagon and surrounded it with the light of burning draft cards. Some in front stuck flowers in the rifle barrels of the soldiers ringing the building; others kicked and spat. The troops and police cleared the grounds with tear gas and clubs. Corbis–Bettman
33Peace signA hippie gestures the peace sign while standing in a meadow. Getty Images, Inc.–Taxi
34Black Panther PartySome members of the Black Panther party raised funds to pay for the legal fees of those arrested and charged with various offenses, such as Bobby Seale and Ericka Huggins. The Panthers advocated a radical economic, social, and educational agenda that made the group the target of a determined campaign of suppression by the police and the FBI. Magnum Photos Inc.
35MLK – the dream continued. . . Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Corbis/Bettmann
36Nixon and ElvisThis is the single most requested item in the National Archives which contain, among other national treasures, originals of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. President Nixon and Elvis Presley met at the singer’s request. He had volunteered to work in the administration’s anti-drug crusade. The president, looking for a way to reach out to young people, readily agreed. He appointed Presley a “deputy” in the anti-drug war. Presley was, at the time, addicted to a variety of uppers, downers, and other medications. [Photograph is in the public domain and available at the National Archives]
37Civilian Causalities in Vietnam A South Vietnamese farmer grieves over the bodies of his wife and son lying in a mud paddy after stepping on a land mine in the Tay Ninh Province.
38Nixon's CabinetPresident Richard Nixon confers with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, John Ehrlichman, and Harry Haldeman in the Oval Office.
39Securing Deo Mang PassU.S. Army troops from the 2nd Battalion, 502nd Infantry, 101st Airborne Division move away from a landing zone along a dirt road while securing Deo Mang Pass in 1965.
40The Inauguration of Richard Nixon Richard and Pat Nixon stand before a crowd during the presidential inauguration ceremonies on January 20, 1969.
41VietnamAn American soldier struggles through the thick jungle of the central highlands of Vietnam during a search-and-destroy mission.
42Arthur AsheWhile African American athletes in boxing, football, baseball, and basketball were common in the early 1970s, Arthur Ashe was one of the few African American tennis stars and a frequent champion.
43Environmental worries, 1973 Sign on bridge near PPG plant near Ponce, Puerto Rico, protests air pollution.
44President Nixon meets with China's Communist Party Leader, Mao Tse-Tung in 1971 President Richard Nixon visited The People's Republic of China in 1971, forever ending the ''sterile pretense that Communist China did not exist.''
45Rand, West Virginia, 1973President Johnson's ''War on Poverty'' did not bring hope to all Americans. In Rand, W.Va., most of the inhabitants were still living in abject poverty in the 1970s.