Created by Francine Vasilomanolakis, 2009 firstname.lastname@example.org F. Vasilomanolakis, El Camino College, 2009
An “Ideal Teacher” Fluent in the first language of all of students Has no gender - sexless Is not too young or too old nor too enthusiastic Inspires and never nags Is as funny as Bill Cosby Is a combination of Bill Cosby and the Dalai Lama with a dash of the latest superhero and is an angel of light Quoted from: http://www.insidehighered.com/views/2009/12/01/blaisdellhttp://www.insidehighered.com/views/2009/12/01/blaisdell
What is the purpose? “ What's the goal of your talk?" How are you trying to reach your audience?
Research has found that with using PPT in class… Students perceived lectures as more organized and better at emphasizing key points Students’ attitudes toward the course and their self- efficacy beliefs were positively effected Students claimed it was easier to attend to and understand the lectures. Students felt they took better notes and believed their notes were more organized, easier to understand, and useful for studying for exams
Short History of PowerPoint Use Late 1990’s studies indicated college students found PowerPoint- based lectures more interesting than traditional… Access to technology has increased, the ability of teacher to use tech in classroom instructions lags behind access. Survey in 2000 by National Center for Education Statistics(NCES): 99% teachers have access to computers and internet in their schools. 84% have at least 1 computer in classroom…only 20% teachers feel well prepared to integrate technology into teaching.
Along came the Technology Standards Requirement for teachers to use…PowerPoint was the “show and tell” software (Burns,2003) Teachers can master in 2 hours (Burns, 2005) Study indicated only 2% of teachers used spreadsheet…12% if you include Math teachers (Burns 2005)
Research has also demonstrated that… Students preferred that faculty make PPT’s available electronically for printing before class – did not affect their attendance Students preferred copies of actual PowerPoint slides, including pictures, graphs or charts, significantly more than just text alone
Five Points Evident from Apperson study…students preferred: 1. Students preferred use of key phrase outlines 2. Add examples and elaborate beyond the slides and the text book on key points. 3. Add sounds congruent with the slide content and from the popular media 4. Use of any color background to white, except for the use of bright colors that “hurt the eyes. 5. Lights dimmed during the PowerPoint presentations 6. Distribute copies of the complete PowerPoint slides with pictures, graphs and charts
Begin with a POP! Prepare an “opening” with pizzazz Use the power of multimedia Pose a question related to the content focus Present a challenge
How to Find Other PowerPoints, sounds, graphics Search in Google
Good use versus Bad use Create contrast between font and backgrounds
Good use versus Bad use Use readable fonts Correct use of fonts Use large font size Titles 48+ Bullets 24+ Make use of two different font types Use sans serif fonts such as Arial, Tahoma, Verdana
Too much text! Too many lines ! Too many words!
Text Keep sentences short – chunk information Avoid punctuation Avoid using ALL CAPS Provide ample white space No more than five lines of text per slide
Transitions Research shows all words on page and animations
Less is More When Developing PowerPoint Animations Information Systems Educational Journal, July 22,2009 2 sets of students in MIS lab course One set had animated PowerPoints with sound and the other no animations with sound Finding: Concepts conveyed in lectures via custom animation can create a disadvantage for students’ learning experience independent of student attributes. Students liked it but did not do better on tests.
Bullet Points Why use? - Just space out Use sparingly Reveal all points at once…..study research Keep attention…by contrast Fading techniques All slides should not look alike..
How can technology be used to enhance writing assignments? Remember that technology enhanced writing instruction at its best is student-centered, collaborative, and hands-on. Begin at the end. Consider the goals for the final assignment and how they fit the overall course goals. Break large projects into smaller writing assignments. Remember that all writing does not have to receive a letter grade. Sequence all of the assignments to correspond to students’ increasing mastery. TOO MANY BULLETS
How can technology be used to enhance writing assignments Student- centered, collaborative, hands-on. Break large projects into smaller writing assignments. Correspond assignments to students’ increasing mastery. Begin at the end. Consider the goals
Current studies show… From Inside Higher Ed Newsletter – Nov. 13, 2009 http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2009/11/13/powerpoint Star Muir at George Mason University found that: Faculty “giving a talk don't realize the issues associated with presenting information visually at the same time they are talking -- and they don't realize the full power of the visual information to detract from their lecture to their students” His point, Muir said, was not to discourage use of PowerPoint, but to stress the difficulty of doing it well. Results of various current studies: Students like to see PowerPoint used in their classes, but are very critical of poor presentation skills, especially when a professor just reads the slides.
It’s in the Presenting How confident are you in: Using your voice clarity and volume Building rapport with the audience Eye contact and changing to cues Dealing with nervousness Before and after Using body language Gestures and facial expression Do not read word for word!
Presenter Nightmares Make sure everything works Are you prepared?? Practice makes perfect Handouts (hard copy versus virtual copy)
Resources Images: http://www.guchusum.org/Default.aspx?tabid=162 Sounds: www.dailywav.com www.freeplaymusic.com Articles related to topic: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2009/11/13/power point
Understanding the relationship between technology and higher education instruction Two sides to the debate Is the use of modern technology increasing students’ ability to learn and retain more information? Is the use of modern technology hindering students’ understanding of course material rather than enhancing it?
How to Insert a YouTube Video into a Presentation Follow these step by step instructions!