Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Architecture. “Reading” architecture requires us to allow buildings to “speak” to us. But how can inanimate objects speak to us? Especially."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Architecture
“Reading” architecture requires us to allow buildings to “speak” to us. But how can inanimate objects speak to us? Especially if those objects are not representational?
Pentre Ifan Burial Chamber, 2000 BCE
John Portman, Bonaventure Hotel, Los Angeles
Richard Neutra, Edgar J. Kaufmann House, Palm Springs, 1946.
According to Vitruvius (Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, 1 st cent. BCE), in De Architectura a building must be considered in terms of three elements: Utilitas Firmitas Venustas
Utilitas need function plan Firmitas means structure section Venustas art beauty elevation
Utilitas need function plan
Firmitas means structure section
Venustas art beauty elevation
Utilitas as Message: TWA Terminal, JFK Transamerica Bldg. SF, CA
Utilitas by Addition: Louis Kahn’s Richards Medical Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania
Utilitas by Division:
Urge towards symmetry:
Firmitas/Stucture will always be a function of: Advances in engineering Availability and strength of materials Cost available for materials Other historical and geographical factors “Architecture is the adaptation of form to resist force.” John Ruskin (19 th c.)
All structures seek a balance between tension and compression. Traditionally there were two ways to handle this: through trabeated structures or through arcuated structures.
CANTILEVER Milstein Hall, Cornell University (Rem Kolhaas) Gale House, Oak Partk, IL (Frank Lloyd Wright)
Venustas art beauty elevation Hertziana, Rome Gugenheim Museum, Bilbao
What makes architecture good? Does it express its function in a meaningful, interesting, and appealing way? Does it seem to “fit” its surroundings (by complementing or contrasting with it in an interesting and meaningful way)? Is its design and execution structurally sound? Does it create a meaningful (interesting, surprising, enjoyable, delightful, disturbing etc.) space? Will it endure? Has it endured?
Analyzing a Building: Space: Solids and Voids Scale and Proportion Weight & Mass Basic Design Elements
Analyzing a Building: Space: Solids and Voids – Symmetry – Asymmetry
Analyzing a Building: Weight & Mass: – Materials – Massing for Weight – Relationship to Ground (high or low?) – Texture – Color – Ornamentation – Light – Acoustics – Context
Basic Elements Roof Walls Windows Doorways Orientation