2 Frank Lloyd WrightBelieved designs should blend with their surroundingsShould reinforce democratic ideals and freedom of movementFireplace is the traditional center of the home
3 Surrounding landscape should more beautiful that it was originally Frederick C. Robie’s houseFRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, Robie House, Chicago, Illinois, 1907–1909.
4 Frederick C. Robie’s house Uninterrupted spaces, stained glass windows with modern designs.Architecture should reinforce concepts of democracy and freedom of movement.Windows unobstructed views.Focal point is the hearth
5 Frank Lloyd WrightThe roofs extend as overhangs on the side of the house – cantilevered constructionCantilevers – beams that jut out and are anchored only at one side (David Smith –Cubi)Wright’s designs blend with the surroundings – Chicago (this part was prairie land) therefore the long, low and flat design“prairie style” Robie house is part of the campus of the Univ of Chicago
6 Kaufmann House Edgar Kaufmann wealthy department store owner Asked Wright to design a house over a waterfall that was on his property.Designed the home over the waterfallFallingwater in Bear Run, PennsylvaniaFRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, Kaufmann House (Fallingwater), Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1936–1939.
7 Kaufmann HouseWright wanted the house to blend organically with its environmentLiving room made from onsite stonesThe hearth is centerStaircase extends from upper floors all the way down to the streamThe house became an icon of Modernist architecture
8 De Stijl - International Style Avant garde architectural movement.Gerrit Thomas Rietveld’s – “Schroder House”Flat, rectangular planes, and straight lines.Looks like a Mondrian paintingRietveld’s belief that architecture can be reduced to basic geometric shapes and colors.GERRIT THOMAS RIETVELD, Schröder House, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1924.
9 The BauhausA school of design in Germany dedicated to teaching the International StyleFounder – Walter Gropius, his idea was to unite fine and applied arts in a new architecture.Students would learn design and building, but also creating artOmitted architectural history – stifle creativity.
10 The Bauhaus “The Shop Block” Built from basic materials - glass steel and concrete.No ornamentationResembled a glass boxStraight lines, right angles and flat roofs.