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US History Mr. W.. The big businesses of the 1870s- 1910s concentrated on developing the nations natural resources.

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Presentation on theme: "US History Mr. W.. The big businesses of the 1870s- 1910s concentrated on developing the nations natural resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 US History Mr. W.

2 The big businesses of the 1870s- 1910s concentrated on developing the nations natural resources

3 1. Petroleum (PA, TX, KY, OH, IL, IN) 2. Iron ore (used to make steel-Great lakes region)

4 3. Copper (MI, MT, AZ) 4. Coal (PA, WV) 5. Timber (OR)

5 The men who became the industrial leaders of the time were often called the Robber Barons because they were only interested in making money.Robber Barons because they were only interested in making money.

6 1. John D. Rockefeller- He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.

7 2. Jay Gould Cornelius Vanderbilt - American entrepreneurs who built their wealth in shipping and railroads.

8 3. Philip Armour, Gustavus Swift -meat packing industry

9 4. J.P. Morgan- financier, investment banker and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation during his time.

10 5. Andrew Carnegie - earned most of his fortune in the steel industry founding the Carnegie Steel Company. - He also wrote The Gospel of Wealth, an essay promoting free market economy and the responsibilities of the self-made rich.

11 All of these robber barons were making lots of money, teaming up together creating Trusts and Monopolies. Trust - A method of grouping many companies and plants into one organization. Big industry became possible when the railroads created national markets.

12 The US government, and much of the nation, believed in the principles of: The US government, and much of the nation, believed in the principles of: Laissez-Faire economics, which dictated that the economic market should run freely without government interference. Laissez-Faire economics, which dictated that the economic market should run freely without government interference. So basically, the rich got richer and there were no consequences for their companies. So basically, the rich got richer and there were no consequences for their companies.

13 Bessemer Process Steam Engine Drill Dynamite Internal Combustion engine Sewing Machine Skyscraper Electric Motor Brooklyn Bridge Radio Barbed Wire X-Ray Machine Telephone Motion Picture Typewriter Light Bulb Power Grid AirplaneAutomobileSubwayPhonograph Farm Machines

14 By 1900, the United States had become one of the greatest economic powers in the world.

15 Immigration Immigrant - A person who leaves a country to settle permanently in another country. 26 million foreign born people came to America from 1880 to 1920.

16 Immigration Immigrants often left their homelands due to one of the following reasons: 1. political tyranny 2. religious persecution 3. economic hardship 4. opportunity and jobs in America 5. personal reasons

17 Immigration East Coast – Most immigrants landed in New York City at Ellis Island- in 1892 it was the official immigrant processing center.

18 Immigration East Coast - Most immigrants landed in New York City at Ellis Island. (1892 official immigrant processing center.). -West Coast: Angel Island in San Francisco ( ) - Most U.S. newcomers were from British, German, Irish, and Scandinavian decent. ( ) - Immigration was on the rise. Most came from Italy and Eastern Europe.

19 Immigration

20 Immigration The U.S. government limited immigration to the literate. Following WWI, quota systems were established to limit the number of immigrants coming to America.

21 Immigration

22 Progressive Era Reform Movements of the Progressive Era: 1.American Federation of Labor (AFL-Samuel Rompers) - Labor Union 2.United Mine Workers - Labor Union 3.National Grange-Farmers. - Labor Union 4. Interstate Commerce Act- est. Interstate Comm. Commission to regulate railroads. 5. Anti-trusts - laws that prohibited monopolies and corruption in big business. Led to the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) & Clayton Antitrust Act (1914).

23 Progressive Era

24 6. Pullman Strike-1st successful labor strike against management. 7. Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) - est. Food and Drug Adm. (FDA) to protect consumers from unsafe food and medicine. 8. Fed. Reserve Act (1913) - est. Fed. Reserve System. 9. Fed. Trade Commission (1914) handles complaints of monopolies and unfair business practices. 10. Tariffs protected U. S. industry from foreign business competition. (Dingley Tariff-1897)

25 Progressive Era

26 11. Upton Sinclair - author of the book The Jungle. Book exposed the problems and unhealthy practices of the meat packing industry. (Muckraker - a journalists who wrote about the problems in society.) 12. State and City Govt - political machines were in use. Ward bosses provided services in return for money and votes in local elections. Led to corruption. 13. Education - 31 states required week of school (8-14 yrs old) by Increase in the number of students attending high school.

27 Progressive Era

28 14. Temperance movement - Alcohol was seen as the source of all the evil and corruption in society. Led to the 18th Amendment - banning the sale and consumption of alcohol. 15. Civil rights - W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington encouraged African-Amer. to be educated and productive members of society. Race would end. - Literacy tests, poll taxes, Jim Crow Laws kept Blacks segregated in America. 16. Child Labor - children were cheap labor, worked long hrs. Laws limited hrs.

29 Progressive Era

30 President Teddy Roosevelt ( ) - Known as the trust buster -He worked hard to enforce antitrust laws. -He wanted every American to have a Square Deal

31 Progressive Era -Conservation - President Roosevelt set aside 200 million acres of land to protect and manage the natural resources. -Preservation - President Roosevelts plan to keep some wilderness areas in their natural state

32 Progressive Era Results of the Progressive Movements: -1890s - Workers earned - $12 a week for hrs of hard labor -Men earned 42 cents per hour -Women earned 6 cents per hour -Children earned 2 cents per hour -quart of milk cost 6 cents / 1 pound of round steak costs 12 cents

33 Progressive Era

34 1910s - Workers earned - $1,156 per year New Home $3,395 New Car - $950 Gas - 9 cents Milk - 34 cents Bread - 4 cents

35 Immigration Immigrant - A person who leaves a country to settle permanently in another country. Exclusion Act (1882) - Forbid the Chinese from entering the U.S 26 million foreign born people come to America from 1880 to 1920.

36 Immigration East Coast - Most immigrants landed in New York City at Ellis Island. (1892 official immigrant processing center.). -West Coast: Angel Island in San Francisco ( ) - Most U.S. newcomers were from British, German, Irish, and Scandinavian decent. ( ) - Immigration was on the rise. Most came from Italy and Eastern Europe.

37 Immigration

38 Immigration Immigrants often left their homelands due to one of the following reasons: 1. political tyranny 2. religious persecution 3. economic hardship 4. opportunity and jobs in America 5. personal reasons

39 Immigration The U.S. government limited immigration to the literate. Following WWI, quota systems were established to limit the number of immigrants coming to America.

40 Immigration

41 Imperialism Imperialism - Policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political and military power over a weaker country/territory. How to create an Empire: 1. Buy it 2. Take it buy force 3. Make the land economically dependent on you

42 Imperialism Imperialism Purchase of Alaska from Russia by William Seward (Sewards Folly) Annexation of Hawaii

43 Imperialism Spanish American War The U.S. govt had long disapproved of Spanish rule in Cuba. Corrupt and cruel treatment by the Spanish govt kept people poor, without rights. -The U.S. gained Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The U.S. emerged as a World Power and adopted a policy of imperialism by extending its authority over seas. -Teddy Roosevelt became a national hero with the Rough Riders.

44 Spanish American War

45 Imperialism Imperialism under President Theodore Roosevelt: 1. philosophy - speak softly and carry a big stick. 2. Open Door Policy - under Roosevelt the U.S. and Great Britain supported open trade with China. 3. Treaty with Panama for $10 million (1903)- allows for the construction of the Panama Canal to begin. Canal helped Roosevelt to build his dream of a two ocean Navy.

46 Imperialism

47 Imperialism 4. Widened the meaning of the Monroe Doctrine with the Roosevelt Corollary. The U.S. might intervene in any Latin American country due to European interference. 5. Gunboat Diplomacy- Roosevelts foreign policy in Latin America. 6. Settled boundary disputes between Alaska and Canada. 7. Helped end the Russo-Japanese War

48 Imperialism Imperialism under President William H. Taft: 1. Dollar Diplomacy- influence Latin America and China through investments.

49 Imperialism Imperialism under President Woodrow Wilson: 1. Civil War in Mexico killed 18 Americans Pancho Villa killed numerous Americans in border raids in New Mexico. U.S. troops were sent in, but failed to capture him.

50 Imperialism Great War begins (WWI). U.S. remains neutral Wilson believed in Moral Diplomacy - should Amer. get involved in a foreign war. 5. April U.S. declares war - Make the World Safe for Democracy.

51 Imperialism

52 Imperialism WWI looms…


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