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What is Chemistry? the study of matter and its changes.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Chemistry? the study of matter and its changes."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is Chemistry? the study of matter and its changes

3 C H E M Y S T E R Y C H E M - I S - T R Y C H E M A S T E R Y C H E M I S E R Y C h e m i s t r y

4 C H E M Y S T E R Y C H E M - I S - T R Y C H E M A S T E R Y C H E M I S E R Y C h e m i s t r y

5 Areas of Chemistry Organic Inorganic Analytical Physical Biochemistry The study of most carbon-containing compounds The study of all substances not classified as organic, mainly those compounds that do not contain carbon The identification of the components and composition of materials The study of the properties, changes, and relationships between energy and matter The study of substances and processes occurring in living things

6 Areas of Chemistry organic physical inorganic biochemistry everything except carbon e.g., compounds containing metals the study of carbon- containing compounds measuring physical properties of substances e.g., the melting point of gold the chemistry of living things

7 Stereotypes of Chemists Male Middle-aged White Lab coat Nerd / Geek

8 Careers in Chemistry research (new products) production (quality control) development (manufacturing) chemical sales software engineering teaching

9 Careers in Chemistry research (new products) production (quality control) development (scale up manufacturing processes) chemical sales software engineering teaching The skills you will develop by an earnest study of chemistry will help you in any career field. Pharmacist

10 Areas of Chemistry organic: the study of carbon-containing compounds inorganic: studies everything except carbon (e.g., metals) biochemistry: the chemistry of living things physical: measuring physical properties of substances chemistry: the study of matter and its changes

11 Biological Compounds Biological Compounds Proteins Carbohydrates LipidsNucleic Acids a polymer composed of amino acids a simple sugar or a polymer composed of simple sugars a fat, an oil, a wax, or a steroid a polymer composed of a sugar, an organic base, and phosphoric acid Corwin, Introductory Chemistry, 2005, page 551 Biochemical compounds can be classified as one of the following: protein, carbohydrate, lipid, or nucleic acid.

12 EPA environment consumer worker OSHA Consumer Product Safety Commission, USDA, BATF, FDA Government Regulation of Chemicals …to protect the…

13 A Career in the Field of Chemistry Research Chemist Chemist who works in Development

14 Production Chemists and Technicians Other Jobs for Chemists –Chemical sales, software engineering, patent law, teaching

15 The skills you will develop by an earnest study of chemistry will help you in any career field.

16 The Scope of Chemistry All fields of endeavor are affected by chemistry. petroleum products -- petroleum products synthetic fibers -- synthetic fibers pharmaceuticals -- pharmaceuticals bulk chemical manufacturing -- bulk chemical manufacturing #1 chemical = sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) gasoline, oil, diesel fuel, heating oil, asphalt nylon, polyester, rayon, spandex medicines, cancer drugs, VIAGRA 1 in 10,000 new products gets FDA approval

17 The Scope of Chemistry bulk chemical manufacturing petroleum products pharmaceuticals synthetic fibers acids, bases, fertilizers fuels, oils, greases, asphalt 1 in 10,000 new products gets FDA approval nylon, polyester, rayon, spandex

18 Research Basic Research –Carried out for the sake of increasing knowledge –Driven by curiosity or a desire to know –Roy Plunkett discovers Teflon is a nonstick material Applied Research –Carried out to solve a specific problem –Safer refrigerant that does not harm ozone layer Technological Development –Production and use of products that improve our quality of life –Computer chips, biodegradable materials, catalytic converters for automobiles

19 Forensic Scientist Arson is suspected in the burning of this house. Gasoline, paint, and bottled gas are extremely volatile. Use science to solve crimes Arson investigation DNA fingerprinting Luminol test for blood

20 The Scope of Chemistry The chemical industry has a large effect on our lives. bulk chemical manufacturing synthetic fibers petroleum products pharmaceuticals ALL fields of endeavor are affected by chemistry.

21 Starting Yearly Salaries Chemist BS $45,400 MS $53,500 PhD $66,000 Related Occupations: Chemical Engineering, biological scientist, chemical technologist, physicists, medical scientists vs. Communications BS MS PhD Physician Resident $30,753 - $41,895 Earning $120,000 - $240, Average Salaries

22 All fields of endeavor are affected by chemistry.

23 World of Chemistry The Annenberg Film Series Episode 1Episode 1 - The World of Chemistry VIDEO ON DEMAND The relationships of chemistry to the other sciences and to everyday life are presented. The world of chemistry is introduced by providing highlights of key sequences and themes from programs in the series. The relationships of chemistry to the other sciences and to everyday life are presented. Running Time: 28:38


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