Presentation on theme: "CARBON CHEMISTRY “ Organic Chemistry” ( organic = carbon compounds ( inorganic = non- carbon compounds ) 1. What is Carbon Chemistry? a. The study of compounds."— Presentation transcript:
1 CARBON CHEMISTRY “ Organic Chemistry” ( organic = carbon compounds ( inorganic = non- carbon compounds )1. What is Carbon Chemistry?a. The study of compounds containing carbon and hydrogenb. Carbon compounds may beliving or non- living
2 CARBON CHEMISTRYc. In 1928 – Chemists discovered carbon compounds could be made in the lab and don’t just have to be in living things.Ex. Urea – ( NH2)2CO
5 CARBON CHEMISTRYd. A hydrocarbon is a molecule that only contains hydrogen and carbon.
6 CARBON CHEMISTRY 2. What Makes Carbon Unique? a. 4th most abundant element in the universeb. Carbon is in all living thingsc. Carbon can make over million compounds because of its 4 valence electronsd. Carbon bonds are very strong
7 CARBON CHEMISTRY 3. What are saturated vs. unsaturated compounds? a. Saturated = carbon molecule saturated with hydrogen atomsb. Unsaturated = carbon molecule with double bonds that can be broken down.
12 CARBON CHEMISTRY 5. What do carbon compounds look like? a. Straight b. Branched chainc. Ring
13 CARBON CHEMISTRY 6. What are Isomers? a. Carbon compounds with the same formula but different shape.
14 CARBON CHEMISTRY 7. What are Polymers? a. Carbon compounds that repeat over and over.b. Examples of Polymers:1. DNA – longest molecule in existance2. PLASTICS3. PROTEIN4. CELLULOSE – plant cell wall5. SILLY PUDDY6. STARCH ( CHAIN OF SUGAR )
19 CARBON CHEMISTRY 8. What is Biochemistry? a. The study of compounds in living things.b. Sustaining Life requires Components:1. Energy – Lipids ( fat)Carbohydrates2. Material – Protein ( Amino Acids)3. Information Code – Nucleic Acids( DNA, RNA )
29 CARBON CHEMISTY 9. P.S. - HONC if you love Chemistry a. The 4 main elements that make up all living things are:1. Hydrogen2. Oxygen3. Nitrogen4. Carbonb. Two other elements are common1. Phosphorus ( protein )2. Sulfur ( protein )
30 CARBON MOLECULES Carbon Chemistry – Study of molecules made of carbon. Hydrocarbon – compound made of carbon and hydrogenAlcohol molecule – Hydrocarbon molecule used for fuelHONC – Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon