2StandardsSS8G1 – Describe Georgia with regard to physical features and locationSS8G2 – Explain how the Interstate System, International Airport, Deepwater Ports and railroads help drive GA’s economy.SS8E1 – Give examples of goods and services produced in Georgia in different historical periodsSS8E2 – Explain the benefits of free trade
3Where is GeorgiaAbsolute Location – Uses Latitude and Longitude to determine the exact point on earth.Equator – Line of Latitude at 0 degrees.Latitude – Lines that run east to west (flat) but measures distance north or south of equator.
4Where is Georgia Prime Meridian – Line of Longitude at 0 degrees. Longitude – Lines that run north to south but measure distance east or west of Prime Meridian.
5Hemispheres Northern Hemisphere is everything above the equator Southern Hemisphere is everything below the equator.Eastern Hemisphere is everything to the east of the Prime Meridian.Western Hemisphere is everything to the west of the Prime Meridian..
6Continent We live on the North American Continent We live in Northern Hemisphere.We live in Western Hemisphere.Between north latitude and degrees west longitudeWe live in America.We live in Georgia.
7Relative LocationRelative Location – Where one thing is in relation to another.Largest state east of the Mississippi River.To Georgia’s north is Tennessee and North Carolina.To Georgia’s east is South CarolinaTo Georgia’s south is FloridaTo Georgia’s west is Alabama
8Regions of Georgia Blue Ridge Mountains Valley and Ridge Appalachian MountainsAppalachian PlateauPiedmontFall LineCoastal Plain
9Blue Ridge MountainsBlue Ridge Mountains – Located in northeastern part of state.Highest and largest group of mountains in Georgia is in this region.Brasstown Bald is the highest mountain in GeorgiaAll mountains in Georgia are part of the Appalachian Mountain chain which stretches from New York to Alabama
11Valley and RidgeThis is between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Appalachian MountainsForests and pastures dominate this regionThere are some flat fertile farmlandsBlue Ridge and Valley and Ridge regions have faster flowing rivers because of the drops in elevation
12Appalachian Plateau The smallest of Georgia’s regions Northwest corner of Georgia.Where Alabama, Tennessee and Georgia meet.Made up of limestone, canyons and rock formationsCave exploring is popular thereFarming is not good there
13PiedmontBegins in the mountain foothills and goes to central part of state.Atlanta is in the PiedmontFamous for the Georgia Red Clay½ of the state’s population lives in the PiedmontThis was the old “Cotton Belt”Rivers flow fast here, again because of elevation changes
14Fall Line Coastal Plain is separated from Piedmont by the Fall Line. This is where the elevated land of the Piedmont “falls” down to the lower land of the Coastal PlainRivers flow fast because drastic change in elevationCities grew along the fall line because the fast moving rivers were a source of energy in colonial Georgia.
15Coastal Plain Largest of Georgia’s regions There are two parts: Inner Coastal and Outer CoastalInner Coastal Plain is major agricultural region of state. Fertile soil that is good for farmingRivers flow slower here because land is flatOkefenokee Swamp is in Coastal Plain. Largest swamp in North America.Okefenokee means “Land of trembling earth”
16RiversChattahoochee River – Runs through Atlanta, forms western boundary.Savannah River – Border of Georgia and South CarolinaAltamahaFlintOgecheeOcmulgee
18Barrier Islands Islands found along Georgia’s coast The islands are important because they protect the mainland by blocking much of the wind, sands and waterSt. Simon’s, Jekyll, Cumberland, Sapelo, St. Catherines
20Georgia’s ClimateGeorgia is in the sub-tropical zone. We have a temperate climate.Climate has made agriculture a major economic activity.Long growing season and lots of rainfall allow a wide variety of crops to be grown.As a whole, Georgia has a hot, wet and humid climate.Winters are mild compared to rest of country
21Economic FactorsGeorgia’s mild climate has drawn many businesses to the state.Not too hot in summer and not too cold in winterThis allows for mass production without interference from weather.Any business that deals with farming would be wise to move to Georgia
22Georgia’s EconomyToday Georgia’s economy is based both on agriculture and industryGeorgia has become a center for transportation in the southeast.Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson Airport has brought large business to Atlanta.International Airport which allows people from all over the world to come to Georgia
23Georgia’s EconomyAtlanta’s airport has provided thousands of jobs for GeorgiansProvided billions of dollars in incomeProvided an incentive for new businesses and industries to come to Georgia