Presentation on theme: "Levels of Government Mrs. Martin’s SS Class"— Presentation transcript:
1 Levels of Government Mrs. Martin’s SS Class SS3CG1 The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that provide the foundation of a republican form of government.a. Explain why in the United States there is a separation of power between branches of government and levels of government.b. Name the three levels of government (national, state, local) and the three branches in each (executive, legislative, judicial), including the names of the legislative branch (Congress, General Assembly, county commission or city council).c. State an example of the responsibilities of each level and branch of government.
2 Watch a video on government; then answer… What is Government?A government is a group of people that sets laws or rules and runs a community.Watch a video on government; then answer…What kind of government do we have?
3 What is the meaning of level? Think of the levels or stories of a building.Example: Some skyscrapers in New York have more than 50 stories or levels.
4 Our country has 3 levels of government. Let’s draw a building! Think of a building with 3 stories or levels.
5 Levels of Government Level 3: FEDERAL or NATIONAL Level 2: STATE Level 1 (the lowest level): LOCAL or City/Town
6 Why do we have 3 levels of government instead of one? The powers or authorities are divided to prevent (or avoid) one level from becoming more powerful.
7 Let’s Review our Map Skills Trace the entire United States of America. It is our nation or countryTrace the state of Georgia. Which is bigger—a country or a state?Can you find a city or town in Georgia? How many cities or towns do you see?Which is the biggest— The country (national or federal), the state, or the town/city?
8 Cedartown does not have a Mayor but we have a City manager! Let’s meet our city manager…Bill Fann!
9 What does a mayor or a city manager do? Let’s learn about a mayor’s job! We will watch an interview with a mayor.
10 Meet our Local Government’s City Commissioners! Cedartown City Commissioners are pictured above. They are, left to right: Jordan Hubbard, Matt Foster, chairman Dale Tuck, Gary Martin and chairman pro-tem Larry Odom.
11 Copy: Local Level Government Local means in nearby area, usually small, such as city or town.A local government is a group that leads a town or a cityCan you name cities in the state of Georgia?Our local or city leaders are the:Legislative Branch: City Council or the City CommissionExecutive Branch: Mayor or City Manager
12 What does the local government do? 1. The local government runs the school system.
13 What does the local government do? 2. The local government runs the city parks.
14 What does the local government do? 3. keeps its citizens safe by providing local police and firefighters
15 What does the local government do? 4. makes sure that there is clean running water5. sets city ordinances or rules.6. administers elections and driver licenses.
16 Meet the Leaders of our State of Georgia! Nathan Deal— Governor
17 Georgia’s General Assembly or State Legislature He is the leader of Georgia General AssemblyOur city’s very own, Representative Trey KelleyCedartown’s Congressman (16th District)Georgia’s General Assembly or State Legislature
18 Take Note!!!Both state and national levels have congressmen/congresswomen and senators. There are 56 state senators in Georgia; but only 2 U.S senators representing Georgia.There are about180 members of the House of Representatives in Georgia General Assembly; while there are only13 U.S. Congressmen representing Georgia.
19 Georgia Supreme Court Justices Chief Justice Hugh Thompson and the Justices
20 The State Level of Government A group of cities or towns makes up a state. There are 50 states in our country—the U.S.A.The leaders of the state of Georgia are:Legislative -The General Assembly (state congressmen/congresswomen and the state senators or representatives)Executive - The governorJudicial – Georgia Supreme Court Justices
21 What does the state government do? 1. builds and maintains roads that connect communities across the state
22 What does the state government do? 2. protects state’s environment
23 What does the state government do? 3. manages public health and safety for the state 4. develops educational systems 5. creates state laws.
24 To explain further…Watch a video about the first 2 levels of government—the Local and the State Levels.
25 Meet the Leaders in the Federal Level! Barack Obama— President of the United States of America
26 The U.S. representatives make up the Congress We have 100 senators and 435 Congressmen
27 The U.S. Supreme Court’sChief Justice and Justices
28 The National or Federal Level of Government National or Federal involves our entire country. What is the name of our country?The leaders of this level of government are:Legislative – The U.S Congress (Senators and Congressmen/congresswomen)Executive - The president of the U.S.A.Judicial – the Supreme Court which consists of the Chief Justice and the Justices.
29 What does the federal or national government do? 1. prints currency or money
30 What does the federal or national government do? 2. declares war 3. conducts foreign relations (or deals with other countries)
31 Let’s create our 3 Levels of Government Building! Cut out the boxes.Put (do not glue yet) each item in the corresponding level.Ask your teacher if all your answers are correct.Glue the information on your “government building”
32 Answer the following:1. The government of the United States is divided into three levels. These levels are ________________________________________ 2. Which level (type) of government is made up of a president and U.S Congress? ______________________________________ 3. A city council belongs to which level of government? ________________________________
33 4. Which level of government takes care of fire prevention and peace and order in your town? _______________________________ 5. Your class would like to have a bike path built from your school to the park. Whom should you talk to about this project? _______________________________ 6. Which level of government usually makes laws for the whole country? _______________________________
34 7. Most cities and towns have mayors and city council that run the government. Cedartown, Georgia has what instead? _______________________________ 8. Cities or towns are run by which level of government? _______________________________ 9. Which level builds and maintains roads that connect communities across the state? _________________________________
35 10. Which level prints our money and takes care of foreign (other countries) relations? ________________________________ 11. Which level is the highest level? Why? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 12. Why do we have three levels of government? ________________________________________________________________________
36 Facts Every Citizen Should Know: 1. What is your town or city Facts Every Citizen Should Know: 1. What is your town or city?___________ 2. What is the name of your state? ____________ 3. What is your country’s name? ___________________
37 Review all 12 questions and answers including the 3 facts.