2 Warm-Up Questions T/F (mark your answer with a T or F) 1. England controlled much of the area known as the Middle East, or Southwest Asia, from the 1300’s until the end of World War I. ______2. The Balfour Declaration was a British promise to the Jews that if they fought in WWI on their side than England would establish a Jewish homeland. ______3. A term for a country that is controlled by another as a result of an international agreement is called a mandate. ______Multiple Choice (circle your answer)4. What led to the end of the Ottoman Empire at the close of World War I?A. The Ottomans were on the losing side of the war, along with Germany.B. The empire spent too much money on buildings and new roads and went bankrupt.C. The people in the Empire were starving because a long drought had ruined farming.D. The Ottoman government was overthrown by a revolt of factory workers who were unemployed when the war ended.5. Who drew up the boundaries of the new countries created from the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI?A. United StatesB. Ottoman rulersC. European politiciansD. Middle Eastern governments
3 Terms to KnowBalfour Declaration: was a British promise to the Jews that if they fought in WWI on their side than England would establish a Jewish homelandMandate: A term for a country that is controlled by another as a result of an international agreement
4 Why is oil in high demand? Hitler’s Goal-to seize control of N. Africa and the Middle EastWhy?...-oil and tradeHow?Russia and Suez Canal
5 Important Areas of the Middle East during WWII IraqSaudi ArabiaIranPalestine
6 Iraq Nurial-Sa’id is pro-British. Declares war on Germany in 1943 Tried to free country from British influence
7 Saudi Arabia Neutral, but favored British Received financial aid from Britain and the USWhy did the US help Saudi Arabia?-amount of oil being used-Arabian-American oil companies-Military bases-Ally of the king
8 Iran Russian, US, and Britain military bases there…why? -Access to supplies
12 White Paper of 1939 British proclamation that Palestine should become a Jewish state was not in their policy
13 ZionismZionist groups inside Palestine pressure Britain to leave by attacking British groupsZionism: movement to bring Jews back to their holy land (Israel/Palestine)
14 Creation of IsraelUnited Nations approved a new state of Israel on May 14, 1948.Public pressure in the US and Britain wanted the mandate ended and a Jewish state created.
15 Newly formed country of Israel Diaspora: Jews driven out of the Middle east by Assyrians and babylonians in the BC era.Why did the Jews want their own country?-Anti-Semitism: Jews were being persecuted in Europe(The Holocaust),-Balfour Declaration-ZionismWhat is the problem with creating Israel?