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Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Soldiers Digital Assistant (SDA) Naval Research Labs April 8, 2005 Convoy Situation Awareness and Voice Communication.

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Presentation on theme: "Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Soldiers Digital Assistant (SDA) Naval Research Labs April 8, 2005 Convoy Situation Awareness and Voice Communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Soldiers Digital Assistant (SDA) Naval Research Labs April 8, 2005 Convoy Situation Awareness and Voice Communication for IED Damage Prevention, Mitigation and Response…

2 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information IED Threat In January 2005 alone, guerillas in Iraq have set off 974 of the jury-rigged weapons - forty-one percent of the insurgents' attacks, the New York Times says. More than half of U.S. casualties in Iraq are from IED strikes, according to estimates from the Lexington Institute. According to D-SECDEF, this is the DoDs #1 Priority…

3 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information The Need The focus should be on prolonged low-intensity conflict and on systems tailored for small combat units, he said. The number one problem for soldiers is network-enabled battle command. Small units lack situational awareness technologies, such as Blue Force Tracking, a common operational picture and the ability to fuse disparate data. The flow of information in real time is a problem. –Brig. Gen. Philip Coker, director of capabilities development at the Training and Doctrine Command's Futures Center in Fort Monroe, Va. Excerpts taken from January 2005 National Defense Magazine Article. Click this text box to read entire article.

4 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information IED Threat Fallujah Urban Area Roughly 20 Sq Kilometers In Size –Average City Block = 100 X 200 Meters –Average Number of Fallujah City Blocks = total IEDs were found and detonated in Fallujah. The average number of IEDs found and/or detonated across Iraq per month from July to October [2004] was IED Factories were found.

5 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Two Currently Fielded Capabilities Army Authorized to buy 43,000 units 5,000 Units on Order 14,000 Units Delivered 50,000 Units on Order The Icom Radio IC-F43G UHF Transceiver Click the photo to view the Icom Brochure The Defense Advanced GPS Receiver (DAGR) AN/PSN 13 A Rockwell Collins Product Click the photo to view the DAGR Brochure

6 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information The Icom Radio History The Army needs reliable communications systems for urban operations, said Coker. Troops were sent to war with a squad radio, produced by Icom America Inc. But that radio proved so ineffective that the soldiers resorted to a $60 Sony walkabout, which works at ranges of 3 kilometers and is compatible with Army frequencies, said Coker. Here we have the only way for these kids to talk because the Icom radio we bought them is hideously useless, he said. In order to use the radio, soldiers had to turn off the jammers in the vehicles, because otherwise the radio could not function. That is criminal. We have failed our soldiers. The Army, however, proceeded to buy another Icom radio, this time produced by the Japanese Icom company. Now, the Icom 43 is wonderful, Coker said. The Army plans to buy 43,000 during the next three months. Excerpts taken from January 2005 National Defense Magazine Article. Click this text box to read entire article.

7 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information DAGR Summary Reduced Warfighter Loadout for 72 hour missions –As compared with PLGR, 3.5 lbs less Unmatched Savings -- $700M for Program –$4700 Battery Savings per DAGR over PLGR during its 10 year service life. Ease of Use in the field –Electronic Map/Sat Images –Electronic compass Positional and Navigational confidence –Anti-Jam Features Increase GPS Utility –Fast Acquisition and User Feature Set are familiar to Commercial GPS Users Commitment to continuous Product Improvement DAGR, designed for the Warfighter.

8 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information <25 cu. Inches <1 lbs. (15 ounces) including batteries Large Graphics LCD Survives POL, NBC, HEMP environments Wide -32 to +70 °C. operation >25,000 hr. MTBEFF demonstrated (80%) Very High Display Impact Protection and Improved Scratch Resistant Lens 14 hrs (22 hrs typical) continuous track / 4 AA batteries 144hrs (200 hrs typical) at 4 fixes/hr track <10 sec Direct-Y Hotstart Acquisition <15-30 sec typical Direct-Y Warmstart Acquisition >50 dB J/S Tracking L1 and L2 Simultaneous Dual Frequency Reception 12 Channel Parallel Tracking Signal Processing Jammer Detector and Pointer Internal Electronic Compass Web based downloads and DAGR to DAGR reprogramming Targeting, LRF and CAS9-Line Growth for FO/FAC, GLS/survey capable Serial Port compatibility with PLGR integrations DAGR and Accessories fit within existing PLGR volumes DAGRs design is the result of over 11 years of user feedback and lessons-learned. DAGR Physical Attributes

9 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information The IC-F43G series covers a wide frequency range in one version (Two versions available, 400–470MHz or 450–512 (520) MHz). The 256 memory channel capacity with 16 memory banks allows you to divide and store a variety of flexible channel groupings. Easy memory channel selection with a simple rotation of the rotary channel knob. IC-F43GT Features Power1W2W Urban Environment 1 km2 km Rural Environment 2-3 km5 km Typical Operating Range* *Range may vary based on environment

10 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information What is the Soldiers Digital Assistant + + = = Two proven devices combined to give the warfighter a solution thats greater than the sum of its parts! Voice Communication Navigation Capability Situation Awareness

11 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Soldiers Digital Assistant (SDA) SDA Leverages the Competencies of 14,000 (And Growing) Delivered DAGR Units by Offering New Capabilities for Individual Soldiers at a Significant Cost Savings Over Existing Methods Secured position and status reporting to squad leader for passage to upper-level FBCB2/BFT systems BFT-coordinated commands via voice from squad leader to individual soldiers Enhanced GPS-based position by exchange of data between soldiers Secured text and voice comm within squad Networked position and status exchange of spot report data, enemy locations, and self location Potential to use SDA systems for IFF and CSAR actions at individual soldier level Exploits existing capabilities of DAGR GPS handheld to reduce need for similar-functionality equipment via DAGR-extension backpack data link 001 Moving forward 002 Moving left 004 Halt and return 000 Enemy at XXXXX UNIT SELECT: XXX MSG TEXT: ____________

12 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Mechanical Design Considerations Eliminates the need to carry multiple devices –Units affixed to eliminate the need for cables Weight –Entire System ~23 oz. –Same batteries utilized by both systems (AAs) –The radios speaker, microphone, keyboard, display eliminated The integration of the two units is being carefully planned to allow retrofitting of existing DAGRs with the radio in the field Pass-through of serial cable allows for use of existing peripherals

13 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information SDA Applications / Benefits Individual situational awareness/BFT minimizes friendly fire and creates a very low cost IFF (Interrogation Friend or Foe) system –Can interrogate by voice OR data Squad leader visibility to local team members in real time allows more efficient field of fire laydowns and reduces decision time in planning attacks Facilitates combat search and rescue

14 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information SDA Applications / Benefits Allows for quick dispersal of troops to coordinate perimeters Price level consistent with the need to proliferate capability Use of existing equipment mitigates policy issues –DAGR compliant with OSD GPS/SAASM Mandate dtd. October 02 –Frequency allocations presumed to be accommodated through Icom procurement –SCA compliancy waiver presumed to be accommodated through Icom procurement

15 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information SDA System Specification Summary The SDA will display appropriate radio warnings The SDA will display up to 20 participant nodes with a unique identifier on a map or geo-rectified image and will indicate after a period of time that the node location has not been updated The SDA will mitigate the effect of hostile meaconing The SDA will share its position in two user selectable modes: –On a user-defined timed interval basis –When the Push-to-talk button is released The SDA can command all other participant nodes to send position report under the following modes: –Under a one time only position request –On a continual periodic basis The SDA will allow user control of encryption and radio transmit power

16 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Summary The SDA will greatly benefit the warfighter –Designed to be cost effective allowing for wide-scale proliferation based on affordability Leverages already significant investment in fielded DAGRs Provides for greater capability at lower echelons –Facilitates efficient operations based on situation awareness which should relieve burden Rockwell Collins has fully supported this development –Capability and affordability of solution suggested that we should begin ASAP for the benefit of the warfighter –Rapid prototypes in hand –Established data communication capability (not available in off-the- shelf Icom radio) –Domestic (US) demonstration capability available 26 April 2005 –Planning for 55 units to be available 1 June 2005 for field trials Material for production representative SDAs being placed on order

17 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Backup

18 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information SDA Modifications to Icom 43 Radio Modifications to the Icom 43 Radio for use in the SDA Module Include the Following. –Removal of Internal Speaker and Microphone –Elimination 4 Function Buttons –Transfer of Radio Command & Control Functions from Radio to DAGR Unit –Movement of Push-to-talk radio button from radio to in-line headset

19 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information RCI Past Experience RCI has significant experience in navigation, GPS, communications, network data exchange, human factors, and soldier systems RCI has performed successfully in several past programs related to the overall SDA concept –IRIS PLGR position exchange for location reporting/SitAw (Canada/CDF – ) –Lightforce tactical PDA proposal (RCI-1998) –Bowman in-vehicle GPS HH device for position reporting ( ) –PLGR LAN GPS HH based situational awareness for MOUT (1998) –LPI COM/NAV Handset (for DARPA-1993 / used GPS PRN to enable secure comm) –Individual Soldier Radio (ISR) (for CECOM – 1996) –GLOMO (DARPA ITO – ) –Soldier Phone (DARPA – ) / FPGA based device in PCMCIA

20 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Projected SDA Roadmap of Enabling Technology and Functional Capabilities * FY05FY06 FY07 COTS radio integration w/ DAGR Enabling technology to create functions Functional capabilities available Squad positions to each user Intra-squad short messaging of status and commands DAGR ICD and HMI modifications Inter-squad capability only by use of common node participant RCI/SNL radio and protocol development Improved position reporting accuracy Waypoint utility extensions Improved fields of fire estimation via networked position and waypoint sharing DGPS broadcasting Targeting application extensions Networked targeting accuracy error reduction via multiple spotter sharing Security of radio and efficiency of data transmissions dependent on COTS radio only Voice/data security coding and layering development Distributed GPS Increased robustness of GPS position determination Dead reckoning module Increased security of operation Chem/bio/IED sensing Sniper algorithms Tactile interface Improved efficiency of use via non-visual interface for navigation Ability to use networked squad as sensor net for chem/bio/IED or sniper detection Full interface to upper tier tactical situational awareness / BFT network ICD modifications for BFT interfacing * Significantly more functional capabilities exist

21 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure – Upper Level FBCB2/BFT Vehicular Terminal USMC M-DACT Mobile and Vehicular Terminal (embedded GPS and EPLRS) MT-2011 L-band transceiver GPRS Search/Rescue Helo/Vehicular Terminal MTS Mobile Tracking Vehicular Terminal Handneld or embedded PPS GPS SINCGARS tactical data/vox radio L band link for BFT/Position Data GPS SATCOM C2 links for Tactical Internet and Voice Traffic C2 Data aggregation, command, and control (via ABCS/ GCCS databases, BFT, MTS, and GPRS control systems) Overall architecture under rework into WIN (Warfighter Information Network) EPLRS larger bandwidth tactical data/vox radios In theater and strategic level command center Voice / data link L band data link GPS receive link SATCOM / SV links Note commonality in four major positional tracking systems used by US armed forces

22 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure – Lower Level (USA, USMC) FBCB2/BFT Vehicular Terminal (external GPS and SINCGARS/EPLRS) USMC M-DACT Mobile and Vehicular Terminal (embedded GPS and EPLRS) Voice / data link USMC D-DACT Dismounted Terminal Mobile (embedded SINCGARS/EPLRS and GPS; non-networked voice com to SL) USA CDA (Current and Land Warrior) - (embedded L- band/BFT, SINCGARS, GPS; non-networked voice com to SL) PLATOON LEADER (PL) / SQUAD LEADER (SL) COMPANY COMMANDER / PLATOON LEADER SQUAD LEADERS (SL) INDIVIDUAL SOLDIERS Individual non-networked voice radios and handheld GPS (on occasion) To Upper Level tactical network and voice communications Individual non-networked voice radios (on occasion), no GPS No individual BFT or use of positioning data; voice- only status and control; no dissemination of upper level data

23 Rockwell Collins Proprietary Information Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure Both voice and data channels in existing infrastructures exhibit a necked-down bandwidth and availability model –Command structure dictates availability and control of voice/data access –Number of upper level-capable radios less as one goes lower Number of lower level radios desired more –Bandwidth is lessened at the lower level tiers, power (thus range) is lessened, digitization and security typically less of concern due to short time value of information Company + Platoon Squad Soldier Sensor Command structure Quantity allocation Decreasing bandwidth and capability + Increasing need for individual positioning, close-range, secure comms Lower level short range voice-primary radios Upper level longer range voice and data radios and tactical network infrastructure Area of opportunity for short range voice + networked data radios with GPS positioning in small package Additional opportunity to broaden the neck and increase bandwidth at lower radio levels

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