Presentation on theme: "Soldier’s Digital Assistant (SDA)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Soldier’s Digital Assistant (SDA) Convoy Situation Awareness and Voice Communication for IED Damage Prevention, Mitigation and Response…Naval Research LabsApril 8, 2005
2 IED ThreatIn January 2005 alone, guerillas in Iraq have set off 974 of the jury-rigged weapons - forty-one percent of the insurgents' attacks, the New York Times says.More than half of U.S. casualties in Iraq are from IED strikes, according to estimates from the Lexington Institute.According to D-SECDEF, this is the DoD’s #1 Priority…
3 The Need“The focus should be on prolonged low-intensity conflict and on systems tailored for small combat units, he said.”“The number one problem for soldiers is network-enabled battle command. Small units lack situational awareness technologies, such as Blue Force Tracking, a common operational picture and the ability to fuse disparate data. The flow of information in real time is a problem.”Brig. Gen. Philip Coker, director of capabilities development at the Training and Doctrine Command's Futures Center in Fort Monroe, Va.Excerpts taken from January 2005 National Defense Magazine Article. Click this text box to read entire article.
4 IED Threat Fallujah Urban Area Roughly 20 Sq Kilometers In Size Average City Block = 100 X 200 MetersAverage Number of Fallujah City Blocks = 1000653 total IEDs were found and detonated in Fallujah. The average number of IEDs found and/or detonated across Iraq per month from July to October  was 772.11 IED Factories were found.
5 Two Currently Fielded Capabilities The Defense Advanced GPS Receiver (DAGR)AN/PSN 13A Rockwell Collins ProductClick the photo to view the DAGR BrochureThe Icom RadioIC-F43G UHF TransceiverClick the photo to view the Icom BrochureArmy Authorized to buy 43,000 units5,000 Units on Order14,000 Units Delivered50,000 Units on Order
6 The Icom Radio HistoryThe Army needs reliable communications systems for urban operations, said Coker. Troops were sent to war with a squad radio, produced by Icom America Inc. But that radio proved so ineffective that the soldiers resorted to a $60 Sony walkabout, which works at ranges of 3 kilometers and is compatible with Army frequencies, said Coker.“Here we have the only way for these kids to talk because the Icom radio we bought them is hideously useless,” he said. In order to use the radio, soldiers had to turn off the jammers in the vehicles, because otherwise the radio could not function. “That is criminal. We have failed our soldiers.”The Army, however, proceeded to buy another Icom radio, this time produced by the Japanese Icom company. Now, the Icom 43 is “wonderful,” Coker said. The Army plans to buy 43,000 during the next three months.Excerpts taken from January 2005 National Defense Magazine Article. Click this text box to read entire article.
7 DAGR, designed for the Warfighter. DAGR SummaryDAGR, designed for the Warfighter.Reduced Warfighter Loadout for 72 hour missionsAs compared with PLGR, 3.5 lbs lessUnmatched Savings -- $700M for Program$4700 Battery Savings per DAGR over PLGR during its 10 year service life.Ease of Use in the fieldElectronic Map/Sat ImagesElectronic compassPositional and Navigational confidenceAnti-Jam Features Increase GPS UtilityFast Acquisition and User Feature Set are familiar to Commercial GPS UsersCommitment to continuous Product Improvement
8 DAGR Physical Attributes DAGR’s design is the result of over 11 years of user feedback and lessons-learned.<25 cu. Inches<1 lbs. (15 ounces) including batteriesLarge Graphics LCDSurvives POL, NBC, HEMP environmentsWide -32 to +70 °C. operation>25,000 hr. MTBEFF demonstrated (80%)Very High Display Impact Protection and Improved Scratch Resistant Lens14 hrs (22 hrs typical) continuous track / 4 AA batteries144hrs (200 hrs typical) at 4 fixes/hr track<10 sec Direct-Y Hotstart Acquisition<15-30 sec typical Direct-Y Warmstart Acquisition>50 dB J/S TrackingL1 and L2 Simultaneous Dual Frequency Reception12 Channel Parallel Tracking Signal ProcessingJammer Detector and PointerInternal Electronic CompassWeb based downloads and DAGR to DAGR reprogrammingTargeting, LRF and CAS9-Line Growth for FO/FAC, GLS/survey capableSerial Port compatibility with PLGR integrationsDAGR and Accessories fit within existing PLGR volumes
9 IC-F43GT Features Typical Operating Range* Power 1W 2W Urban The IC-F43G series covers a wide frequency range in one version (Two versions available, 400–470MHz or 450–512 (520) MHz).The 256 memory channel capacity with 16 memory banks allows you to divide and store a variety of flexible channel groupings.Easy memory channel selection with a simple rotation of the rotary channel knob.Typical Operating Range*Power1W2WUrbanEnvironment1 km2 kmRural2-3 km5 km*Range may vary based on environment
10 What is the Soldier’s Digital Assistant Two proven devices combined to give the warfighter a solution that’s greater than the sum of its parts!Voice CommunicationNavigation CapabilitySituation Awareness+=
11 Soldiers Digital Assistant (SDA) Secured position and status reporting to squad leader for passage to upper-level FBCB2/BFT systemsBFT-coordinated commands via voice from squad leader to individual soldiersPotential to use SDA systems for IFF and CSAR actions at individual soldier level001 Moving forward002 Moving left004 Halt and return000 Enemy at XXXXXUNIT SELECT: XXXMSG TEXT: ____________Networked position and status exchange of spot report data, enemy locations, and self locationEnhanced GPS-based position by exchange of data between soldiersExploits existing capabilities of DAGR GPS handheld to reduce need for similar-functionality equipment via DAGR-extension “backpack” data linkSecured text and voice comm within squadSDA Leverages the Competencies of 14,000 (And Growing) Delivered DAGR Units by Offering New Capabilities for Individual Soldiers at a Significant Cost Savings Over Existing Methods
12 Mechanical Design Considerations Eliminates the need to carry multiple devicesUnits affixed to eliminate the need for cablesWeightEntire System ~23 oz.Same batteries utilized by both systems (AAs)The radio’s speaker, microphone, keyboard, display eliminatedThe integration of the two units is being carefully planned to allow retrofitting of existing DAGRs with the radio in the fieldPass-through of serial cable allows for use of existing peripherals
13 SDA Applications / Benefits Individual situational awareness/BFT minimizes friendly fire and creates a very low cost IFF (Interrogation Friend or Foe) systemCan interrogate by voice OR dataSquad leader visibility to local team members in real time allows more efficient field of fire laydowns and reduces decision time in planning attacksFacilitates combat search and rescue
14 SDA Applications / Benefits Allows for quick dispersal of troops to coordinate perimetersPrice level consistent with the need to proliferate capabilityUse of existing equipment mitigates policy issuesDAGR compliant with OSD GPS/SAASM Mandate dtd. October ’02Frequency allocations presumed to be accommodated through Icom procurementSCA compliancy waiver presumed to be accommodated through Icom procurement
15 SDA System Specification Summary The SDA will display appropriate radio warningsThe SDA will display up to 20 participant nodes with a unique identifier on a map or geo-rectified image and will indicate after a period of time that the node location has not been updatedThe SDA will mitigate the effect of hostile meaconingThe SDA will share it’s position in two user selectable modes:On a user-defined timed interval basisWhen the Push-to-talk button is releasedThe SDA can command all other participant nodes to send position report under the following modes:Under a one time only position requestOn a continual periodic basisThe SDA will allow user control of encryption and radio transmit power
16 Summary The SDA will greatly benefit the warfighter Designed to be cost effective allowing for wide-scale proliferation based on affordabilityLeverages already significant investment in fielded DAGRsProvides for greater capability at lower echelonsFacilitates efficient operations based on situation awareness which should relieve burdenRockwell Collins has fully supported this developmentCapability and affordability of solution suggested that we should begin ASAP for the benefit of the warfighterRapid prototypes in handEstablished data communication capability (not available in off-the-shelf Icom radio)Domestic (US) demonstration capability available 26 April 2005Planning for 55 units to be available 1 June 2005 for field trialsMaterial for production representative SDAs being placed on order
18 SDA Modifications to Icom 43 Radio Modifications to the Icom 43 Radio for use in the SDA Module Include the Following.Removal of Internal Speaker and MicrophoneElimination 4 Function ButtonsTransfer of Radio Command & Control Functions from Radio to DAGR UnitMovement of Push-to-talk radio button from radio to in-line headset
19 RCI Past ExperienceRCI has significant experience in navigation, GPS, communications, network data exchange, human factors, and soldier systemsRCI has performed successfully in several past programs related to the overall SDA conceptIRIS PLGR position exchange for location reporting/SitAw (Canada/CDF – )Lightforce tactical PDA proposal (RCI-1998)Bowman in-vehicle GPS HH device for position reporting ( )PLGR LAN GPS HH based situational awareness for MOUT (1998)LPI COM/NAV Handset (for DARPA-1993 / used GPS PRN to enable secure comm)Individual Soldier Radio (ISR) (for CECOM – 1996)GLOMO (DARPA ITO – )Soldier Phone (DARPA – ) / FPGA based device in PCMCIA
20 Projected SDA Roadmap of Enabling Technology and Functional Capabilities * FY05FY06FY07COTS radio integration w/ DAGRRCI/SNL radio and protocol developmentDAGR ICD and HMI modificationsICD modifications for BFT interfacingVoice/data security coding and layering developmentEnabling technology to create functionsWaypoint utility extensionsDistributed GPSDGPS broadcastingDead reckoning moduleTargeting application extensionsChem/bio/IED sensingTactile interfaceSniper algorithmsImproved position reporting accuracySquad positions to each userIncreased robustness of GPS position determinationImproved fields of fire estimation via networked position and waypoint sharingIntra-squad short messaging of status and commandsIncreased security of operationFunctional capabilities availableNetworked targeting accuracy error reduction via multiple spotter sharingInter-squad capability only by use of common node participantAbility to use networked squad as sensor net for chem/bio/IED or sniper detectionSecurity of radio and efficiency of data transmissions dependent on COTS radio onlyImproved efficiency of use via non-visual interface for navigationFull interface to upper tier tactical situational awareness / BFT network* Significantly more functional capabilities exist
21 Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure – Upper Level L band link for BFT/Position DataGPSSATCOM C2 links for Tactical Internet and Voice TrafficIn theater and strategic level command centerC2 Data aggregation, command, and control (via ABCS/ GCCS databases, BFT, MTS, and GPRS control systems)Overall architecture under rework into WIN (Warfighter Information Network)EPLRS larger bandwidth tactical data/vox radiosSINCGARS tactical data/vox radioMT-2011 L-band transceiverHandneld or embedded PPS GPSMTS Mobile Tracking Vehicular TerminalFBCB2/BFT Vehicular TerminalUSMC M-DACT Mobile and Vehicular Terminal (embedded GPS and EPLRS)GPRS Search/Rescue Helo/Vehicular TerminalVoice / data linkL band data linkGPS receive linkSATCOM / SV linksNote commonality in four major positional tracking systems used by US armed forces
22 Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure – Lower Level (USA, USMC) To Upper Level tactical network and voice communicationsUSMC M-DACT Mobile and Vehicular Terminal (embedded GPS and EPLRS)FBCB2/BFT Vehicular Terminal (external GPS and SINCGARS/EPLRS)COMPANY COMMANDER / PLATOON LEADERUSMC D-DACT Dismounted Terminal Mobile (embedded SINCGARS/EPLRS and GPS; non-networked voice com to SL)USA CDA (Current and Land Warrior) - (embedded L-band/BFT, SINCGARS, GPS; non-networked voice com to SL)PLATOON LEADER (PL) / SQUAD LEADER (SL)No individual BFT or use of positioning data; voice-only status and control; no dissemination of upper level dataSQUAD LEADERS (SL)Individual non-networked voice radios and handheld GPS (on occasion)INDIVIDUAL SOLDIERSIndividual non-networked voice radios (on occasion), no GPSVoice / data link
23 Current COP (Common Operational Picture) Tactical Infrastructure Both voice and data channels in existing infrastructures exhibit a “necked-down” bandwidth and availability modelCommand structure dictates availability and control of voice/data accessNumber of “upper level”-capable radios less as one goes lowerNumber of “lower level” radios desired moreBandwidth is lessened at the “lower level” tiers, power (thus range) is lessened, digitization and security typically less of concern due to short time value of informationCommand structure“Upper level” longer range voice and data radios and tactical network infrastructureDecreasing bandwidth and capabilityCompany +PlatoonSquadSoldierSensorIncreasing need for individual positioning, close-range, secure comms“Lower level” short range voice-primary radiosQuantity allocationArea of opportunity for short range voice + networked data radios with GPS positioning in small packageAdditional opportunity to “broaden the neck” and increase bandwidth at lower radio levels