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APRIL 1861 CHARLESTOWN SC – UNION FORT SC ATTACKS!

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Presentation on theme: "APRIL 1861 CHARLESTOWN SC – UNION FORT SC ATTACKS!"— Presentation transcript:

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4 APRIL 1861 CHARLESTOWN SC – UNION FORT SC ATTACKS!

5 36 HOURS OF BOMBARDMENT – ANDERSON SURRENDERS MORE STATES SECEDE LINCOLN CALLS FOR VOLUNTEERS & BLAMES THE SOUTH

6 FORT SUMTER GIVES LINCOLN A STRATEGIC VICTORY -THE SOUTH FIRED FIRST LINCOLN ASKS FOR 75,000 VOLUNTEERS – 90 DAY ENLISTMENTS MOBILIZATION: GETTING READY & PREPARING FOR WAR EXCITEMENT! THOUSANDS OF SOUTHERNERS ENLIST - CSA

7 BORDER STATES – MISSOURI, KENTUCKY, MARYLAND, DELAWARE – FORCED TO STAY WITH UNION – WEST VIRGINIA 22 UNION STATES 11 CSA STATES

8 SLAVE STATES THAT STAY WITH THE UNION LINCOLN SENDS UNION TROOPS INTO BORDER STATES TO PREVENT THEM FROM LEAVING THE UNION. LINCOLN BREAKS THE CONSTITUTION IN ORDER TO SAVE IT – EXCEEDS HIS POWERS MARYLAND VERY STRATEGIC – WASH. D.C

9 1. POPULATION (22 MILLION) 2. 3/4 TH OF NATIONS INSUSTRY 3. BANKING & FINANCING 4. ¾ OF ALL RAILROADS 5. NAVAL ADVANTAGES6. NATURAL RESOURCES TAKES TIME TO MOBILIZE POOR GENERALS

10 1. DEFENSIVE WAR OF ATTRITION2. FIGHTING ON HOME SOIL - KNOW THE LAND 3. MORAL CAUSE – DETERMINATION 4. BEST WEST POINT OFFICIERS 5. GOOD SOLIDERS – RAIDERS – SELF CONFIDENT 6. SUPPORT FROM EUROPE (INITIALLY)

11 1. SUPPLY SHORTAGES 2. POPULATION (9 MILLION – 3.5 MILLION ARE SLAVES) 3. POOR TRANSPORTATION 4. ORGANIZE A NEW GOVERNMENT 5. ARMIES FIGHT FOR INDIVIDUAL STATES 6. JEFFERSON DAVIS UNPOPULAR

12 PERSERVE THE UNION LATER TO FREE THE SLAVES FIGHT UNTIL NORTH GIVES UP INDEPENDENCE – PERSERVE SLAVERY

13 ABOUT DAVIS COURAGEOUS & INTELLIGENT FAILS TO DELEGATE AUTHORITY ABOUT LINCOLN ACTS BOLDLY, EXCEEDS THE POWERS OF PRESIDENT PATIENCE & CHARACTER

14 LINCOLN LOOKS FOR A COMMANDER TO LEAD THE UNION ARMY ONLY REAL QUALIFIED COMMANDER IS WINFIELD SCOTT – NOT IN HIS PRIME SCOTT SUGGESTS ROBERT E. LEE

15 ABOUT LEE WEST POINT, MEXICAN WAR I CANNOT RAISE MY SWORD AGAINST MY COUNTRY. OFFERED COMMAND OF UNION ARMY

16 ABOUT FIREARMS BULLETS & BLADES

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18 ABOUT THE ARTILLERY

19 NO ANTIBIOTICS – FEW ANTISEPTICS – NO STERILIZATION PROCEDURES DONE IN TENTS & HOUSES DISEASES & INFECTION GRIM OUT LOOK FOR PATIENTS

20 FIRST TIME WAR WAS DOCUMENTED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS SOME PICTURES WERE FORMAL & STAGED WHILE OTHERS WERE GRUSOME BATTLE PICS CAMERAS HAVE NO SHUTTERS – PULL AWAY CAP – LETS LIGHT IN – EXPOSES NEGATIVE – CHEMICALS TO DEVELOP BRADY, OSULLIVAN, & GARDNER – FAMOUS PHOTOS

21 UNION WEARS BLUE – CONFEDERATES WEAR GRAY BROTHER AGAINST BROTHER NORTH NAMES BATTLES AFTER RIVERS & STREAMS SOUTH NAMES BATTLES AFTER CITIES & TOWNS CIVIL WAR (WAR BETWEEN THE STATES)

22 1. NAVAL BLOCKADE 2. TAKE MISSISSIPPI RIVER & SPLIT SOUTH IN HALF 3. TAKE RICHMOND

23 1. DEFENSIVE WAR 2. TAKE WASHINGTON 3. ATTACK PA TO CUT OFF COMMUNICATIONS


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