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The Guardian Lecture 2012 Embracing Change: Thriving in Adversity Sir William Atkinson Thursday November 8 th 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "The Guardian Lecture 2012 Embracing Change: Thriving in Adversity Sir William Atkinson Thursday November 8 th 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Guardian Lecture 2012 Embracing Change: Thriving in Adversity Sir William Atkinson Thursday November 8 th 2012

2 “Unequal societies have unequal educational systems and unequal education outcomes.” The Spirit Level, Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett 2

3 Poor in UK Dying 10 Years Earlier Than Rich The life expectancy gap between rich and poor people in England is widening, despite years of government and NHS action, a hard-hitting National Audit Office report reveals today. Extensive efforts have failed to reduce the wide differential, which can still be 10 years or more depending on socio economic background, says the public spending watchdog. The gap in life expectancy between government-designated areas of high deprivation and the national average has continued to widen. The Guardian, Friday 2 nd July

4 If the United States had in recent years closed the gap between educational achievement levels and those of better performing nations such as Finland and Korea, GDP in 2008 could have been $1.3 trillion to $2.3 trillion higher. This represents 9 to 16 percent of GDP. If the gap between low income students and the rest had similarly narrowed, GDP in 2008 would have been $400 billion to $670 billion higher. If the gap between America’s low performing states and the rest had been similarly narrowed, GDP in 2008 would have been $425 billion to $475 billion higher. Reason for the underachievement of poor kids and minority students - on average, the United States systematically assigns less experienced, less qualified and probably less effective teachers to poor and minority students. 4

5 White City The White City Estate is ranked within the top 5% of the most deprived neighbourhoods nationally with regard to income level and within the 10% most deprived with regards to barriers to housing and services 53% of tenants are rent in arrears Wormholt and White City Ward has one of the highest standardised mortality rates Birth rate and domestic over-crowding highlight significant health problems on White City Estate Highest concentration of residents on Council’s Disability and Mental Registers, as well as those receiving Community Care packages to support independent living at home November

6 6 March 1994

7 7 October 1994

8 8 October 1997

9 Ofsted 1994 Key Judgements There is little sense of coherent management and direction within the school …. the implementation of policies and procedures is inconsistent between and within the main areas of the school The school has no systematic and underpinning culture of monitoring and evaluation to inform its subsequent actions using clear, shared and agreed criteria There is no evident and distinctive positive ethos in the school Some staff display a lack of self confidence in their ability to ensure a suitable working environment 9

10 Education needs to prepare students to…  Deal with more rapid change than ever before… … for jobs that have not yet been created… … using technologies that have not yet been invented… … to solve problems that we don’t yet know will arise It’s not about more of the same, but about new…  Ways of thinking – involving, creativity, critical thinking, problem-solving and decision making  Ways of working – including, communication and collaboration  Tools for working – including, the capacity to recognise and exploit the potential of new technologies  The capacity to live in a multi-faceted world as active and responsible citizens The Purpose of Education Andreas Schleicher, January

11 Strategic Goals 1995 To provide effective distributed leadership To build a strong and positive learning culture To establish a system of target setting in relation to student outcomes To develop an effective whole school system for monitoring teacher and student performance To exceed National Floor Targets and achieve National Rates of Progress To be fully subscribed To achieve outstanding designation by Ofsted 11

12 The Challenge for Leadership Recruitment and retention of quality people Continuous professional development Clear specification of what success should look like in the classroom Transparent monitoring process with clear agreed success criteria Ownership of goals and targets – critical Targets, benchmarks against the best (not just similar schools) 12

13 In a fixed mindset, people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence or talent, are simply fixed traits. They spend their time documenting their intelligence or talent instead of developing them. They also believe that talent alone creates success – without effort. They’re wrong. In a growth mindset, people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work – brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great accomplishment. Virtually all great people have had these qualities. Carol S Dweck Mindset 13

14 “‘I am convinced that world-class performance emerges from mindset,’ says Keen. ‘Many of our greatest cyclists did not start out with obvious natural advantages, but they have transformed themselves through application. Perhaps the key task of any institution is to encourage the adoption of a growth mindset. When that kind of philosophy becomes embedded in the culture, the consequences can be dramatic.’” Peter Keen is a leading sport scientist and the architect of Great Britain’s success at the 2008 Olympic Games Extract from ‘Bounce’, Matthew Syed 14

15 Intelligence Resilience Fortitude Passion Commitment Ability to feast on crumbs Unwarranted optimism Looking For… 15

16 GCSE Results School judged most improved in England based on maths and English GCSE results OFSTED 2008 – School judged Outstanding CVA Results – 5 year trend January 2011 – 2 nd January 2010 – 1 st January 2009 – 4 th January 2008 – 9 th January 2007 – 2 nd Outcomes 16

17 Ofsted 2008 Overall Effectiveness “The Phoenix is a remarkable school; it continues to transform the life chances of both students and their families. It can do this because the School operates from a deeply rooted understanding, and heart-felt appreciation of the challenging circumstances that many of the students come from.” “Achievement at the school is outstanding. Students attain examination results in Year 11 that are broadly similar to those found nationally; because of their exceptionally low starting points, this is outstanding progress.” “The School is exceptionally well led.” 17

18 End Note Believe in your ability to get better! Ability is not fixed! Work on it! 18

19 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) High Dependency Unit (HDU) General Ward Description of care Specialist unit providing multiple organ support/ mechanical ventilator Specialist unit providing intensive monitoring/single organ support General ward where observations are taken as required Equipment Highly specialist monitoring equipment Day to day medical equipment Levels of staffing Constant access to highly trained nurses – ratio of 1 patient to 1 nurse. Higher proportion of senior staff available Ratio of patients to nurses slightly lower than in ICU but higher than general wards, 2:1 Daytime ratio of patients to nurses 5/6:1, could be 10+ patients to 1 nurse at night Cost Approx’ £1,500-£2,000 per day per bed Approx’ £750 per day per bed Approx’ £250 per day per bed Percentage of total beds1%ICU/HDU combined 2%98% Ward rounds Doctor available immediately 24 hours a day Junior doctor in ‘office hours’, consultant ward round once/twice a week Monitoring of patientsConstantly monitored Monitored every couple of hours Description/Comparison of ICU/HDU/General Ward Dr Jeffrey Phillips - Consultant, Department of Critical Care, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Harlow 19


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