Presentation on theme: "Higher listening: fugue"— Presentation transcript:
1 Higher listening: fugue A complicated piece of contrapuntal / polyphonic musicA contrapuntal piece essentially based upon the idea of imitation
2 ExpositionBegins with the SUBJECT, played or sung by one voice. e.g. Trinidad and the big Mississippi etc.Voice 1SUBJECT
3 ExpositionOnce the subject has been heard all the way through, a second voice enters with the answer. This is very similar to the subject. If the intervals between all the notes are the same as the subject, it is a real answer. If they are slightly different, it is a tonal answer. Meanwhile, the first voice continues with a counter-subject e.g. Canada Malaga Rimini BrindisiVoice 1SubjectCounter-subjectVoice 2Answer
4 Exposition Voice 1 Subject Answer Voice 2 Subject Voice 3 The next voice to enter (Voice 3) comes in with the subject again. The second voice now moves on to the counter-subject, and the first voice moves on to a 2nd counter-subject e.g. Yes! Tibet, Tibet, Tibet!Voice 1SubjectCounter-subject2nd counter-subjectAnswerCounter-subjectVoice 2SubjectVoice 3
5 ExpositionThis process continues until all voices have sung or played through the subject, counter-subject and 2nd counter-subject.
6 Episode New material is introduced The music will probably modulate There will be quite a lot of imitation
7 Throughout the rest of the Fugue, the subject continues to enter in new keys. Some composers played around with the subject using techniques such as augmentation, diminution and strettoAUGMENTATION: The subject is heard in longer note values, giving the effect of slowing down.DIMINUTION: The subject is heard in shorter note values, giving the effect of speeding up.STRETTO: A voice enters with the subject or answer before the previous voice has finished playing it.