Presentation on theme: "Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1
2 Sonata form – a very basic overview ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulationNice music which includes two contrasting melodies (subjects)Composer gets creative – subjects are played but in lots of different waysPretty much a repeat performance of the first section – a welcome return to the music at the start.
3 Sonata Form – a basic overview ExpositionRecapitulation1stsubject2ndDevelopment
4 Sonata form – an overview Exposition (repeated)Recapitulation1stSubjectTonic keyBridge passageWhere the key change (modulation) happens2ndIn a different keyDevelopmentComposer develops the two subjects in many different ways.A repeat from beforeThis section happens but no key change this timeThis time , this subject is also in the tonic key
5 Sonata in more Detail Exposition Development Recapitulation Two contrasting themes1st Subject: G minor2nd Subject: Bb majorBridge PassageCodettaSection is repeatedNo new ideasDevelop ideas mainly from the 1st subject but also 2nd subjectExploration of different keys not heard in expositionAvoidance of tonic/ dominant keysIdeas from exposition repeatedBridge passage extendedThe coda is a further development of the 3 note from the 1st subject2nd subject remains in tonic as piece needs to end in tonic key
6 The mood of the whole piece/ each section 1st and 2nd subject have contrasting themes:1st Subject:
7 The mood of the whole piece/ each section 2nd Subject
8 The mood of the whole piece/ each section The development of the 1st subject
9 The mood of the whole piece/ each section Fast tempoSerious and dramaticExcitingDramatic G minor key1st subject being dominated by strings section2nd subject, pathètique mood - dialogue between woodwind and strings
10 The purpose of the exposition The main purpose of the exposition is to expose the main themesThe first theme: First subjectBridge PassageThe second theme: Second subject
11 Analysis Section Sub section Detail Exposition Development 1st Subject (bars 1-28)G minorNo introduction1st idea bars 1-92nd idea bars 9-141st 3 notes repeated motifSequenceDominated by stringsBridge Passage (bars 28-43)Modulates to the relative major (Bb)More chromaticWoodwind provide harmonic filling in textureHorns enterDescending sequence from strings2nd Subject (bars 44-72)Bb majorTheme shared by strings and woodwindSwap parts from bars & 52-58Mood – graceful pathetique – chromatic descent: grief & sadness1 bar sequencesChromatic passagesCodetta (72-100)Modulates from Bb major to G minorBased on 3 note motifHomophonic texture (bars )Imitation (Clarinets and Bassoons)Canon between upper and lower strings (bars 73-88)DevelopmentBarsBased on 3 note motif in 1st subjectChromatic harmonyWoodwind provide chordal harmonic support – thickens textureConstant exploration of keys!
12 Section Sub section Detail Recapitulation 1st Subject (164-184) G minor (exactly the same as exposition)Bridge Passage ( )Still in tonic keyExtended to 51 barsStructural balance to form & extended ideasBass counter-melody against theme (bars )Modulates to different keys but comes back to the tonic2nd Subject ( )Played in tonic keyLike the exposition1 bar sequencesCoda ( )3 note motif passed between WoodwindImitationHomophonic texture
13 Possible QuestionsIn what century was this piece of music composed?What style is this piece of music written in?Comment on how Mozart uses the following musical elements in No.40 in G minor:InstrumentsMelodyDynamicsTonality and HarmonyForm and StructureRemember to use correct musical vocabulary where appropriate
14 Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1