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Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1

2 Sonata form – a very basic overview ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulation Nice music which includes two contrasting melodies (subjects) Composer gets creative – subjects are played but in lots of different ways Pretty much a repeat performance of the first section – a welcome return to the music at the start.

3 Sonata Form – a basic overview 1st subject 2nd subject Development1st subject 2nd subject RecapitulationExposition

4 Sonata form – an overview 1st Subject Tonic key Bridge passage Where the key change (modulation) happens 2nd Subject In a different key Development Composer develops the two subjects in many different ways. 1st Subject A repeat from before Bridge passage This section happens but no key change this time 2nd Subject This time, this subject is also in the tonic key RecapitulationExposition (repeated)

5 ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulation Two contrasting themes 1st Subject: G minor 2nd Subject: Bb major Bridge Passage Codetta Section is repeated No new ideas Develop ideas mainly from the 1st subject but also 2nd subject Exploration of different keys not heard in exposition Avoidance of tonic/ dominant keys Ideas from exposition repeated Bridge passage extended The coda is a further development of the 3 note from the 1st subject 2nd subject remains in tonic as piece needs to end in tonic key Sonata in more Detail

6 The mood of the whole piece/ each section 1st and 2nd subject have contrasting themes: 1st Subject:

7 2nd Subject The mood of the whole piece/ each section

8 The development of the 1st subject

9 The mood of the whole piece/ each section Fast tempo Serious and dramatic Exciting Dramatic G minor key 1st subject being dominated by strings section 2nd subject, pathètique mood - dialogue between woodwind and strings

10 The purpose of the exposition The main purpose of the exposition is to expose the main themes The first theme: First subject Bridge Passage The second theme: Second subject

11 Analysis SectionSub section Detail Exposition 1 st Subject (bars 1-28) G minor No introduction 1 st idea bars nd idea bars st 3 notes repeated motif Sequence Dominated by strings Bridge Passage (bars 28-43) Modulates to the relative major (Bb) More chromatic Woodwind provide harmonic filling in texture Horns enter Descending sequence from strings 2 nd Subject (bars 44-72) Bb major Theme shared by strings and woodwind Swap parts from bars & Mood – graceful pathetique – chromatic descent: grief & sadness 1 bar sequences Chromatic passages Codetta ( ) Modulates from Bb major to G minor Based on 3 note motif Homophonic texture (bars ) Imitation (Clarinets and Bassoons) Canon between upper and lower strings (bars 73-88) Development Bars Based on 3 note motif in 1 st subject Chromatic harmony Woodwind provide chordal harmonic support – thickens texture Constant exploration of keys!

12 Recapitulation 1 st Subject ( )G minor (exactly the same as exposition) Bridge Passage ( ) Still in tonic key Extended to 51 bars Structural balance to form & extended ideas Bass counter-melody against theme (bars ) Modulates to different keys but comes back to the tonic 2 nd Subject ( )Played in tonic key Like the exposition 1 bar sequences Coda ( )3 note motif passed between Woodwind Imitation Homophonic texture SectionSub section Detail

13 Possible Questions In what century was this piece of music composed? What style is this piece of music written in? Comment on how Mozart uses the following musical elements in No.40 in G minor: Instruments Melody Dynamics Tonality and Harmony Form and Structure Remember to use correct musical vocabulary where appropriate

14 Mozart: “Symphony No. 40 in G minor Area of Study 1

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