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Building a Biosphere Reserve in North Karelia, Finland Dr. Timo J. Hokkanen Centre of Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for North Karelia/

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Presentation on theme: "Building a Biosphere Reserve in North Karelia, Finland Dr. Timo J. Hokkanen Centre of Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for North Karelia/"— Presentation transcript:

1 Building a Biosphere Reserve in North Karelia, Finland Dr. Timo J. Hokkanen Centre of Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for North Karelia/ North Karelia Biosphere Reserve Scotland

2 Contents North Karelia and North Karelia BR Research and development projects Steering committee and BR strategy Future projects – extensive approach Role of the BR

3 Questions asked How you engage with public agencies? How you engage with communities? How you manage the landscapes? How regional strategy has been developed? Where the biosphere reserve fits in? The long term view?

4 North Karelia and NK BR Living in the North

5 Karelia, Eastern Finland

6 Ice ages

7 North Karelia -province

8 Total area ha Forests ha 48 %

9 Total area ha Forested Mires ha 19% Forest

10 Forest, mires and lakes Total area ha Natural Mires ha 6 % Forest For. Mire 6 %

11 Total area ha Inland waters ha For. Mire Forest 18 % Nat. mire

12 Total area ha Other ha Forest Forested mire Nat. mire Inland waters 9 %

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14 North Karelia Joensuu RUSSIA

15 North Karelia Forestry, metal industry, hi-tech Forest research University of Eastern Finland (13 000) European Forest Institute Finnish Forest Research Institute Bioenergy: 65 % of energy consumption

16 North Karelia BR Joensuu Lieksa Ilomantsi

17 NK biosphere reserve Established 1992, extended 2009 Total area: ha Population: Core areas: ha Buffer zone: ha Main activities forestry, tourism, services

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19 KALEVALA – the national epic of Finland

20 Slash and burn agriculture

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22 Taiga forest

23 Patvinsuo National Park Photo:

24 Forest, mires and lakes Photo: Markku Tano Koli National Park

25 Sonkaja Village

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27 ” Biosphere Reserves – Connecting people ”

28 Numerous background projects Forestry, planning and protection Forest grazing of cattle New rural livelihoods Nature and culture tourism Restoration and building of cultural milieus Restoration of springs Large carnivores Ticks Giant hogweed

29 1. Forest studies Extensive entities High-quality research Forests important: economy, biodiversity, recreation Joensuu is a forestry centre in boreal zone Co-operation with Russia

30 UAV at Mekrijärvi Research Station Hand launch Flies on its own Images in 20 minutes

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33 (Lopatin, Kolström, Hokkanen 2009, manuscript) webserver: mekri.joensuu.fi/gap_karelia Continuity of old growth forests in the border area between Finland and Russia

34 Predicted number of OGF indicator species (aphyllophoraceous fungi, mosses) Lopatin et al. 2006

35 Natural connectivity at the border In Russia: large untouched ecosystems should be protected In Finland: need to create corridors connecting Russian and Finnish forests

36 Joint plan? Development? Protection? Costs? Time?

37 Local targets Studies in local history Using traditional methods Employing local people Co-operation with a school and local activists Developing tourism 2. Restoring cultural mileus and traditional landscapes

38 1939

39 1923

40 Aaron Piha 1997

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44 Aaron piha 2003

45 Sonkaja chapel

46 3. Ticks and Giant hogweed Border area Research and environmental awareness Health Value of land Extensive co-operation

47 Ixodes persulcatus

48 Ixodes-species & tickborne encephalitis Distribution Climate change Environmental change

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50 A bit escaped

51 Burns… Photos: Michigan Dept Agriculture

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53 Biosphere reserve

54 North Karelia Kainuu Kostamus District (Russia) Mujejärven District (Russia) Suojärven District (Russia) Karelia Ladogendis (Russia) North Karelia Biosphere Reserve North Karelia Biosphere reserve and its activities NKBR

55 Creating BR strategy Background projects Leading = creating significancies BR needs to create and point out significancies which promote sustainable development

56 Building a school

57 What is a school needed for? Background > planning > building > teaching > producing learning and wisdom Building a school Building a Biosphere Reserve What is a BR needed for? Background > planning > ”building” > working > producing …

58 Involvement in BR projects Project LocalRegionalNationalInter- national Forestry AdministrationResearchers, Administration Cultural milieus Workers, Teachers Administration Researchers, Administration Ticks Local people, Researchers, Administration Researchers, Businesses Researchers Giant hogweed Local people, Administration, Businesses Researchers, Administration Researchers Level

59 Involvement spheres International UNESCO International actors (e.g., EU), businesses National National MaB committee National structures, businesses, administration Regional BR committee; administration institutions; businesses Local All local structures and involved people Number of involved people

60 Ingredients of a biosphere reserve: From knowledge to change Information/”knowledge” Research Information + context => Awareness Info dissemination Awareness + resources + commitment => activity Work Activity + continuity => change Monitoring

61 Role of BR in projects Project LocalRegionalNationalInter- national Forestry CommunicatorInitiator, Actor Communicator, Connector Initiator, Communicator Connector Cultural milieus Initiator, Facilitator, Connector, Communicator Actor Initiator, communicator, connector Ticks Initiator, Facilitator, Communicator, Actor Initiator, communicator, connector Researchers,Connector, Communicator, Actor Giant hogweed Initiator, Facilitator, Communicator, Actor Initiator, onnector, Communicator, Actor Connector, Communicator Connector, Communicator, Actor Level

62 Delineation ha ha core areas 1900 inhabitants Delineation ha ha core areas ha buffer zones inhabitants Tuupovaara Ilomantsi Lieksa Part of Joensuu City included BR Extension 2008

63 Biosphere reserve  Economically viable unit (population > )  The main main actors of the province included  Visibility and profile in topical sustainable development issues (e.g., bioenergy, mitigation of and adaptation into climate change)  Joensuu City as a border area town  National and international activities

64 North Karelia BR Steering Committee ( ) Prof. Paavo Pelkonen (chair)Univ.Eeastern Finland, forestry Prof. Taneli KolströmUEF, Mekrijärvi Res. Station Mayor Markku LappalainenIlomantsi municipality City clerc Jari HorttanainenJoensuu city City clerc Matti TaponenLieksa city Park Superintendent Kyösti TuhkalainenMetsähallitus CEO Tiina TolvanenNK Chamber of Commerce Prof. Ari LehtinenUEF, geography Planning director Risto PoutiainenNK Regional Council Leading researcher Raimo HeikkiläFinnish Env. Instutute, Joensuu Prof. Erkki SutinenUEF, computer science CEO Markku LitjaKarelia-Expert OY (tourism) Co-ordinator Timo J. Hokkanen (secretary) Centre of Economic Development, Transport and theEnvironment for North Karelia

65 Regional development priorities taken into account Funding Minimal funds earmarked for environment compared with those for development Influence - also in environmental issues Better sitting at the tables where the decisions are being done

66 North Karelia BR mission statement North Karelia biosphere reserve activities aim at creating regional sustainable development solutions for good economy and environment

67 BR main task: facilitation Sustainable development Conservation Support, training etc

68 Strategy BR main ”windows” Energy Tourism Environmental awareness Extensive co-operation Benefits

69 ”Bioenergy window” Energy important for all human activities in the area Bioenergy has great influence on local life but also direct global influences Bioenergy is easily understandable by everyone Bioenergy is economically important and politically ”hot” Local and regional background strong Environmental aspects not at all easy

70 ”Tourism window” Nature and culture tourism is considered to grow in importance and volume Nature and culture tourism makes use of all environments and important culture objects Tourism and energy use are tightly coupled Easy to find local and regional support

71 Landscapes Significance of landscapes Economy Ecology Communities Culture

72 Traditional landscapes

73 Awareness = key to change Information/”knowledge” Research Information + context => Awareness Info dissemination Awareness + resources + commitment => activity Work Activity + continuity => change Monitoring Leadership

74 Projects and future Clear priorities Ambitious goals Visibility Results required ”Think globally, act locally!”

75 Projects and processes ROK-FOR project: sustainable foresty & bioenergy, sustainable construction & biobased products Regional Partnership Programme Koli Guiding and Culture Centre Initiation of and participation in processes Green Belt of Fennoscandia Regional Climate Change activities

76 RoK-FOR Sustainable forestry providing bioenenergy, sustainable construction and biobased products EU FP M € EU FP M € Large consortium – regions in focus Large consortium – regions in focus

77 ROK-FOR consortium Forest Research Centre Jastrebarsko Centre for Development, Transport and the Environment for North Karelia Centre Tecnologic Forestal de Catalunya Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg EFI Atlantic

78 RoK-FOR Objectives Target areas: sustainable forestry > bioenergy, biobased products and sustainable construction Target areas: sustainable forestry > bioenergy, biobased products and sustainable construction Actions: We will identify and start strong trans- national and inter-regional co-operation between research-driven, forestry-based clusters Actions: We will identify and start strong trans- national and inter-regional co-operation between research-driven, forestry-based clusters Results Results Joint action plan Joint action plan New joint actions during the second half of the project New joint actions during the second half of the project Increased innovativeness and competitiveness with help of the metacluster Increased innovativeness and competitiveness with help of the metacluster

79 geology bedrock, ice age biodiversity values indigenous species ecological corridor cultural heritage transboundary co- operation GREEN BELT OF FENNOSCANDIA

80 Nature reserves

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82 Research units Climate change Environmental change Sustainable development practices Research and development

83 Koli Guiding and Culture Centre International sustainable development model for Biosphere Reserves? ~ 40 M € investment

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85 Koli Sustainable Development Platform K o l i Culturum National Park Koli Village Sustainable Development In Centre North Karelia province National & International Contacts Green Belt of Fennoscandia MaB programme Technology Programme

86 BR Partnership organisations and enterprises Dynamic approach Sustainable development Commitment for future Co-operation between partners Background: Sustainable Development Network for North Karelia

87 Questions asked How you engage with public agencies? How you engage with communities? How you manage the landscape and the type of landscapes you have? How regional strategy has been developed? Where the biosphere reserve fits in? The long term view?

88 Rosa acicularis – Carelian rose


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