Presentation on theme: "The ESF and the Environment: the Spanish experience Sonia Castañeda Fundación Biodiversidad Workshop The ESF and the Environment: learning from the past,"— Presentation transcript:
The ESF and the Environment: the Spanish experience Sonia Castañeda Fundación Biodiversidad Workshop The ESF and the Environment: learning from the past, building for the future Brussels, October 8th, 2008
Who we are and in which context we move. Our experience in the management of ESF during (how we did and do things): results and examples. Lessons learned and future challenges. Overview
The Biodiversity Foundation (BF) was created in 1998 by the Spanish Ministry of Environment. It is a non-profit organization whose activities are focused on nature, conservation, sustainable use of biodiversity and international cooperation. The Board of Governors is formed by the Ministry of the Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the National Parks Authority, among others. Who we are
In which context we move: Environmental issues are integrated in ESF as an horizontal priority. An example of this approach in Spain is The Environmental Awareness Module: designed by the environmental authorities for its use in occupational training courses co-funded by ESF. The BF is one of the many institutions managing ESF, but for us, the environment is the key issue in ESF projects because we are entirely focus on environmental and sustainability issues.
That workers and business become key actors in the improvement of environment and sustainable development Managing ESF since 2000 That environment and sustainability become the base for better jobs and more competitive business To link employment policies and environmental policies with a double target: The Operational Programme on Business Initiative and Permanent Training. From 2000 to 2006 we were involved in The Operational Programme on Adaptability and Employment During we will be managing Our role is
Our goals Stimulate the starting up of enterprises in the environmental sector. i n c r e a s e skills and cualifications of workers in environmental and sustainability matters. Promote and improve employment in general and in the environmental sector in particular. Foster modernisation of enterprises and activity sectors. Adapt economic activities to environmental regulation. Encourage sustainability of economic activities.
Target groups Workers and managers of SMEs. Self-employed workers. Liberal professionals: lawyers, economists, journalists, etc. Agricultural workers: farmers, shepherds,forest rangers, etc. Education professionals: elementary, primary, secondary, etc. Priority to: Disadvantaged colectives: handicapped, women, immigrants, people over the age of 45, and minimally qualified workers. Location: depopulated, rural and protected areas and Biosphere Reserves. Workers in the environmental sector.
Traning courses Seminars and Congresses Awards and Contests Information and communication campaigns Studies, methodologies and guides Personalized advice to SMEs (telephonic, on-line, itinerant) Observatories Any other action that allows to reach the aims Activities to develop:
During we managed The goal was to Improve training and environmental awareness of workers. 8 Calls for proposals were decided on and 285 Collaboration Agreements were signed. More than activities were carried out. More than 2 mill people have participated in the projects, of which: 48% are women. 31% are self-employed workers. 50% belong to disadvantaged groups
We work with Public Administration Chambers of Commerce Business and labor union sector Foundations and NGOs Academic sector And there area different sectors involved. Such as: Energy. Footwear. Tourism. Technological. Forestry and agriculture. Fishing.
Several kind of activities were developed More than courses with over Participants Conferences and seminars; more than 300 studies and 700 informative materials. More than 500 good practices guides Over 200 environmental observatories and e-learning platformes and web pages
The Castilla y León Natural Heritage Foundation Labor Union Institute of Work, Environment and Health Some examples of projects and results
Developed in 2006 by The Castilla y León Natural Heritage Foundation. With a budget of they reached people. Goals: To promote the integration of sustainable development in business developed in protected areas and to increase training and awareness in business and employees. Results 1 Study on employment and the socioeconomic impact of Natura 2000 sites, 2 Good Practices Manuals, 6 Courses, 15 Seminars and a website. Conclusions: The protected areas are a changing place with oportunities to undertake new businesses. They are a market niche based on the production of differentiated goods and services. There is a growing demand of organic products and rural holidays. - Eco-friendly tourism: 26% sustained economic growth. - Organic agriculture: 25% annual economic growth in EU. Project: Sustainability & Employment in Protected Areas
Developed in 2006 by the Labor Union Institute of Work, Environment and Health. With a budget of ,19 they reached people. Goals To promote the participation of workers in the improvement of SMEs environmental behavior. Project: Enviromental training for SME workers Study: Employment in Spain in the SMEs renewable energies sector Conclusions: -Business driving force in Spain (rather than any other European country, but Germany) -There are 700 companies in Spain -25% with less than 25 employees -25% with less than 25 employees -Only 3,8 % having over 500 employees -Only 3,8 % having over 500 employees - This sector has generated jobs in the last years ( directly and induced) - By APPA: new jobs -APPA: new jobs -CER: new jobs -CER: new jobs
Lessons learned Difficulties in attracting new stakeholders to run the projects (Objective 3, new stakeholders) Difficulties in attracting students to courses due to excessive offer and scanty practical perspective. Increasing interest in environmental issues. Who What Many projects or activities were quite similar. Unconnected activities and with no innovation. Lack of continuity and poor results after the funding finished. Focused on specific issues and collectives. How Difficulties in the administrative and financial management of the projects (contract procedures).
Future challenges We need to empower communication in order to reach more stakeholders (and more diverse) to develop the projects. Reaching new beneficiaries (rural areas, protected areas, Biosphere Reserves). Who What Occupational training needs to be more qualified and practical (a learning-action scheme). We look for projects with a more integrated approach (results in the 3 e). Sustainable projects. Intense monitoring of the projects. employ-green. How To integrate environmental and sustainability issues in the management of SMEs and economic activities. To foster entrepreneurism in the environmental sector.
Thank you very much For more information International Department