Presentation on theme: "Stress. We know all about that, don’t we?"— Presentation transcript:
1Stress. We know all about that, don’t we? Reflections on a misunderstood phenomenon.Campbell Russell July
2Purpose To briefly explore how we perceive stress To have some understanding of the origins of stressTo consider the outcomes of an action research project conducted in Cheshire and Cheshire West and ChesterTo consider how we might address stress issues in our work.
3What’s causing you to be stressed? I’m just snowed under ....
4Problems with this? It is unclear Our response becomes headless chickenWe focus on the genericWe may fail to see the causes of our stress that can be managed.
5Know your enemy: What is Stress? “a pattern of negative physiological states and psychological responses occurring in situations where individuals perceive threats to their well-being, which they be unable to meet”Lazarus 1975
6Does it exist? “Stress doesn’t exist as a syndrome” However, there is evidence that people reach the point where they:can’t let go of problems;avoid situations;become dysfunctional.
7HSE definition“The adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them at work”Is this broad enough?
8HSE StandardsThe Management Standards cover six key areas of work design that, if not properly managed, are associated with poor health and well-being, lower productivity and increased sickness absence. In other words, the six Management Standards cover the primary sources of stress at work. These are:Demands – this includes issues such as workload, work patterns and the work environment.Control – how much say the person has in the way they do their work.Support – this includes the encouragement, sponsorship and resources provided by the organisation, line management and colleagues.Relationships – this includes promoting positive working to avoid conflict and dealing with unacceptable behaviour.Role – whether people understand their role within the organisation and whether the organisation ensures that they do not have conflicting roles.Change – how organisational change (large or small) is managed and communicated in the organisation.
9Take one standard and consider how it may be breached. Task 1Take one standard and consider how it may be breached.
10Feedback Groups feedback Any burning issues? Examples that must be given?What have we learned from the exercise about the sources of stress?Key question – have the standards any legal status?No, but complying with the standards is a way of avoiding legislation.
11Research findings37 schools over an 18 month period. Recently re-run as a pilot with 3 schools to see if there were any notable changes. There were notStaff are asked to identify stressorsCommon themesWhat do you think were the top 3?
13Communication Staff meetings that were held to only give instructions Vital information withheldToo much informationFailure to give positive feedback
14RelationshipsStrains in the relationship between Head and staff or within staff body. Favourites; “creeping”, lack of sympathyHow is the consensus created and maintainedProfessional reliability and inter-dependence. This includes the “he doesn’t do that for me” comment and colleagues missing deadlines.
15Technology/admin failure PhotocopierComputer crashesOffice setting deadlinesSupport staff trying to off-load tasks back onto teaching staff.
16Case study 1Jane has been a KS1 teacher in the same school for nearly 30 years. She teaches in a school that serves a socially disadvantaged area. Ofsted have recently declared the school as being one that “requires improvement” largely because of educational standards in KS1. Jane gained a “good” grading.One of Jane’s colleagues, Diane, aspires to headship. She was rated as “outstanding” She has been teaching year 6 for three years, and has asked for KS1 experience. The Head announces that she plans to swap Diane and Jane over. Jane feels highly stressed by the proposal.
17Case study 2The staff at a small primary school have always helped out at PTA events, and more recently have been coming in at weekends and school holidays at the request of the Head to “manage” their work areas.Bob is new to school. Within weeks of his starting, the school was inspected by Ofsted and Bob’s teaching was rated as “outstanding”. However, Bob has decided that he also needs a life, and has told the Head that he isn’t willing to work at weekends and holidays. Bob’s colleagues have begun to criticise him over small things – whether he adheres to the washing up protocol for example. He tells friends he feels uncomfortable at work. His doctor signs him off with depression
18Two quick thoughts“In my experience, teaching is the only job where stress is more commonly work related than outside life related”Dr Michael Orton, formerly chief OH Consultant for M&S and Cheshire CC.Cheshire NUT training 2005“It’s not your fault, but it is your problem”Dr Neal Gething , Consultant Psychologist and Senior Partner of “Glowatwork”.Brent H&S Conference 2010
19Significance?While we should always look beneath the surface, the source of the stress is likely to be the job and therefore is a problem you should take to your union! However, we cannot simply rely on quoting “standards” or looking to tackle “management”. The problem is the ours and we need direct help and support.
20Ultimately .... There are only two things that can change: The situationThe individual’s ability to handle the situation
21As an individual therefore .. If we can change the situation we should do so. This might mean better time management/prioritising. You need help with this – the union and supportive colleagues.Changing ourselves is equally difficult. Martyrdom isn’t helpful.Overcome the need to win; find a place to express emotions; learn to be “successfully vulnerable”