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Chapter Six The Federal Government The Executive Branch ~~~~~

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1 Chapter Six The Federal Government The Executive Branch ~~~~~
Executive Departments and the Cabinet

2 Running the Executive Branch
thousands of people assist the president in carrying out the executive duties Executive Office of the President closest advisers and aides established in 1939 every president reorganizes the office the agencies and offices advise the president on current issues important domestic and international matters

3 Executive Office of the President
The Council of Economic Advisers gives the president information about the nation's economy recommends programs to promote economic growth and stability The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) assists in the preparation of the federal budget plan of income and spending which the president sends to Congress The National Security Council (NSC) top-ranking group of advisers on all matters concerning defense and security

4 Executive Office of the President
The Office of National Drug Control Policy coordinates federal, state, and local activities designed to stop the use of illegal drugs The Council on Environmental Quality monitors the environment and makes recommendations about it to the president The White House Office includes the president's closest personal and political advisers includes researchers, clerical staff, social secretaries, and the president's doctor members perform many important jobs for the president schedule the president's appointments and write speeches help maintain good relations with Congress and with other departments and agencies of the government press secretary represents the president to the news media and the public

5 Executive Departments
Constitution the president “may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments." 15 executive departments in the executive branch each department has specific areas of responsibility these departments work to improve the lives of all Americans Congress has the power to establish executive departments, to reorganize and combine different departments, or even to eliminate a department the ability to reorganize the executive departments helps the presidency and the nation adapt to changing times Congress listens carefully to the president's wishes and requests regarding the executive departments president has the power to direct the executive departments, working within the structure established by Congress appoints the heads of the departments with Senate approval

6 The President’s Cabinet
made up of the heads of the 15 executive departments and any other key officials the president chooses cabinet meetings are led by the president every president since Washington has held cabinet meetings president appoints the members of the cabinet Senate must approve these appointments by a majority vote the title of most cabinet members is secretary secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, etc. head of the Department of Justice is known as the attorney general

7 Executive Departments
Department of State special responsibility is foreign policy secretary of state heads large staff of officials in Washington, D.C. direct the worldwide work of the department sends U.S. officials abroad to represent the country ambassadors are the highest-ranking U.S. representatives in foreign countries an embassy is the official residence and offices of an ambassador ministers represent the U.S. in smaller countries consuls represents U.S. commercial interests in foreign countries consul's office, or consulate can be found in most large foreign cities work hard to improve trade between the U.S. and other countries help protect U.S. citizens who conduct business and own property in foreign countries U.S. citizens traveling in foreign lands may go to U.S. consulates if they need assistance keeper of the Great Seal of the United States the Great Seal is put on all laws and treaties issues identification documents for travel passports allow U.S. citizens to travel abroad visas allow foreigners to come to the United States

8 Executive Departments
Department of the Treasury manages the country's money collects taxes from citizens and businesses pays out the money owed by the federal government borrows money for the government supervises the coining and printing of money keeps the president informed about the economic condition of the country several important divisions within the department Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collects individual and corporate income taxes Bureau of Engraving & Printing (BEP) designs and manufactures U.S. paper currency, securities, and other official certificates and awards U.S. Mint designs and manufactures domestic, bullion and foreign coins and commemorative medals distributes U.S. coins to the Federal Reserve banks maintains physical custody and protection of our nation's silver and gold assets

9 Executive Departments
Department of Defense secretary of defense always a civilian (nonmilitary) person has many military officers as assistants plans military defense provides for the training and equipping of the armed forces three major divisions headed by civilian secretaries Department of the Army commands land forces Department of the Navy has charge of seagoing forces includes the U. S. Marine Corps supervises the Coast Guard during times of war Department of the Air Force is responsible for air defenses Joint Chiefs of Staff highest-ranking military officers of the army, navy, and air force head of the marine corps also attends all meetings advises the president on military affairs responsible for four officer-training schools (military colleges) (Army) West Point, New York Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs, Colorado Coast Guard Academy at New London, Connecticut

10 Executive Departments
Department of Justice led by the attorney general enforces federal laws defends the U.S. in court when a lawsuit is brought against the federal government. several important divisions within the department Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigates crimes in which federal laws are broken arrests those accused of crimes against the United States Federal Bureau of Prisons protect society by confining offenders

11 Executive Departments
Department of the Interior manages the nation's natural resources encourages wise use of U.S. land, minerals, water, fish, and wildlife manages national parks and federal dams several important divisions within the department Bureau of Indian Affairs handles matters involving American Indians Bureau of Reclamation sponsors irrigation, flood control, and hydroelectric power projects National Park Service Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

12 Executive Departments
Department of Agriculture helps farmers with the raising and marketing crops encourage better methods of farming prepares reports on market conditions for crops and livestock assists farmers in their planning and planting several important divisions within the department Farm Service Agency (FSA) provides loans for buying and operating farms Forest Service helps protect the nation's woodlands Food and Nutrition Service manages the Food Stamp and National School Lunch programs

13 Executive Departments
Department of Commerce encourages American trade and business many important agencies within this department Bureau of Economic Analysis studies business conditions in the United States Minority Business Development Agency assists in creating and strengthening minority-owned businesses Patent and Trademark Office protects the rights of inventors International Trade Administration promotes world trade and seeks to strengthen U.S. position in such trade Census Bureau counts the U.S. population every 10 years National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration monitors and forecasts the country's weather

14 Executive Departments
Department of Labor gathers information on working conditions in various businesses and industries several important divisions within the department Employment Standards Administration responsible for carrying out federal laws that regulate the wages and hours of workers seeks to improve working conditions Bureau of Labor Statistics collects information about and reports on employment and labor-management relations Women's Bureau responsible for promoting the employment opportunities and personal well-being of working women

15 Executive Departments
Department of Health and Human Services runs programs to promote the health and well-being of all citizens provides essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves many HHS services are provided at the local level by state or county agencies Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) seeks to improve the housing conditions in U.S. cities runs programs to help people buy homes helps city and state governments provide public housing and improve neighborhoods

16 Executive Departments
Department of Transportation helps coordinate and develop the country's ground-, water-, and air-transportation systems promotes public safety and deals with mass transportation issues Department of Energy responsible for enforcing energy laws helps plan and manage U.S. energy policy works to lessen the amount of energy that is wasted in the U.S. regulates the development and use of nuclear and hydroelectric power, gas and oil pipelines, and other energy resources

17 Executive Departments
Department of Education provides advice and information to the country's school systems responsible for distributing federal funds and administering federal school programs throughout the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs responsible for administering government benefits to U.S. veterans and their families health care, pensions, and education loans

18 Executive Departments
Department of Homeland Security preventing terrorism and enhancing U.S. security managing U.S. borders administering immigration laws securing cyberspace provides coordinated responses to natural disasters or other large emergencies many important agencies within this department Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) oversees lawful immigration to the United States Coast Guard safeguards maritime interests and environments around the world Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) disaster mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and education Secret Service protects the president and helps prevent counterfeiting fake money Transportation Security Administration secures the nation’s airports and screens all commercial airline passengers and baggage

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