3Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted….. Albert Einstein
4How can an authentic assessment system help to establish accountability? Provide multiple sources of evidence of student growth….BUILDING SUCCESSMeasure and provide evidence of student achievement and instructional effectiveness….TRACKING SUCCESSHelp to diagnose challenging areas and create a plan for improvement….ENSURING SUCCESS
6ISAT Test Date : March 2-13, 2009 Grades Tested 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 All grades test Reading and MathWriting given to grades: 3, 5, 6, 8Science given to grades: 4 and 72009 AYP = 70% MEET AND EXCEEDS IN MATH AND READING
7PSAE Test Date: April 22 and 23, 2009 Make – up May 6 and 7, 2009 Grade 11 TestedSubjects Tested:Reading, Writing, Math and Science2009 AYP = 70% MEET AND EXCEED IN MATH AND READING
8SourcesGottlieb, M. and Nguyen, D. Assessment and Accountability in Language Education Programs: A Guide for teachers and Administrators.(2007) Philadelphia, PA:CaslonWikipedia
14The Power of Peppermint is Put to Test WashingtonPost.com In the 1990s, researchers at the University of Cincinnati found that a whiff of peppermint helped “testers” concentrate and do better on tasks that required sustained concentration."If anything, they'll have sweet breath," one principal said."And if it provides a little boost “Imani Rucker, 11, is a believer. "The peppermints were good for me," she said. "They gave me energy and more brain power."
16Writing improves comprehension and retention of learned information. Writing to LearnWriting improves comprehension and retention of learned information.Writing allows students to apply their knowledge to their lives and to their interests.The more students write, the more opportunities students have to improve their writing.
17Writing in the Disciplines Recognizing differences in style, format, structure, grading, and EXPECTATIONSRUBRICS-What are you expecting? Let students know.
18Opportunities English/ Language Arts- Essays Literature- Book Report, Book Review, Character StudySocial Studies- Mock Journal, Research ReportMathematics- Extended Response, Narrative (How I Solved…)Science- Compare/ Contrast EssayPhysical Education- Persuasive Essay (Why YOU Should Exercise), Health Brochure
20ISAT Writing Rubric Focus- Keep the train on the track! Support/Elaboration- Depth…Organization- Does everything fit?Integration- Holistic Scoring= Total WorkConventions- Punctuation/Construction
21Student Friendly Writing Rubric FocusIdeas/Content5My message is clear and strong.Support/ElaborationI use specific examples and details.OrganizationI use paragraphing and transition words.ConventionsI use complete sentences, capitalization, punctuation, and spell familiar words correctly.Voice/Word ChoiceMy words are vivid- I have “painted a picture” for my reader. This work is ME!Fluency/PresentationI love the “sound” of my paper read aloud.31
22The Owl At Purdue http://owl. english. purdue The Owl At Purdue The Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Illinois State Board of Education
23Preparing for the PSAE… Prairie State Achievement Examination
24Why Is Reading Important in the Content Areas? One concern teachers express is that students do not have the skills to read and comprehend content-based text. Therefore, content area teachers need to be skilled in content-based reading strategies (Billmeyer, 1996).Skills needed depend on the content and text. Content teachers are best qualified to help students comprehend the material presented by developing prior knowledge related to the topic.
25If all teachers provide reading opportunities for students, students will be better prepared to meet identified standards in all areas.Background knowledge and content provide an essential link between what students understand and what they read (Anthony and Raphael, 1989).
26What Can All Teachers Do to Help Readers What Can All Teachers Do to Help Readers? Teachers may wish to consider utilizing the following techniques and strategies in teaching reading in their content area:Reading Instruction - Design lessons using a before, during, and after format in which reading is a significant component.Respond to Reading - Have students respond to stance questions in writing, providing support from the text.Develop Vocabulary - Aid understanding of content terms through context clues, word structure, and semantic features.Questions-Answers-Relationships (QAR) - Help students to understand how to develop responses to questions and provide textual support.Use a Reader's Checklist - Articulate strategies for reading that students can refer to before, during, and after reading.Think Aloud - Model mental processes that expert readers use as they read.Anticipation Guide - Give students a series of questions to generate interest in the topic.SQ3R - Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review.Reciprocal Teaching - Summarize, question, clarify, and predict content and meaning.K-W-L - Explore what students know before and what they want to know before and during reading; review what they learned after reading.Expository Text Structure - Teach the fundamental differences between expository and narrative materials.Develop Prior Knowledge - Develop unfamiliar concepts, experiences, and vocabulary prior to reading.Remember - Provide many reading opportunities related to the content!
28Before Reading:Identify what you know about the topic. List specific ideas.Write specific questions which you would like answered.Make specific predictions about what you think you will learn.Preview the selection with attention to bold print, captions, and graphics.During Reading:Generate mental pictures about what you are reading.Summarize what you have just read.Try to answer the questions you asked.Alter your predictions.Identify items or facts which are confusing. Reread to try and clear up confusions.After Reading:Create a final summary of what you have learned.State how you can use the information you have learned.Revisit text for clarification.Respond to questions
29SQ3R3. Read ActivelyRead to search for answers to questions.Respond to questions and use context clues for unfamiliar words.React to unclear passages, confusing terms, and questionable statements by generating additional questions.4. ReciteLook away from the answers and the book to recall what was read.Recite answers to questions aloud or in writing.Reread text for unanswered questions.5. ReviewAnswer the major purpose question.Look over answers and all parts of the chapter to organize information.Summarize the information learned by drawing flow charts, writing a summary, participating in a group discussion, or by studying for a test.1. SurveyThink about the title: “What do I know?” “What do I want to know?”Glance over headings and first sentences in paragraphs.Look at illustrations and graphic aids.Read the first paragraph.Read the last paragraph or summary.2. QuestionTurn the title into a question.Write down any questions that some to mind during the survey.Turn headings into questions.Turn subheadings, illustrations, and graphic aids into questions.Write down unfamiliar vocabulary words and determine their meaning.
30Reciprocal TeachingSummarizing - After students have silently or orally read a short section of a passage, a single student acting as teacher (i.e., the student leader summarizes what has been read. Other students, with guidance from the teacher, may add to the summary. If students have difficulty summarizing, the teacher might point out clues (e.g., important items or obvious topic sentences) that aid in the construction of good summaries.Questioning - The student leader asks some questions to which the class responds. The questions are designed to help students identify important information in the passage.Clarifying - Next, the student leader tries to clarify confusing points in the passage. He might point these out or ask other students to point them out. For example, the student leader might say, “The part about why the dog ran into the car was confusing to me. Can anyone explain this?” Or, the student leader might ask other students to ask clarification questions. The group then attempts to clear up the confusing parts. This might involve rereading parts of the passage.Predicting - The student leader asks for predictions about what will happen in the next segment of the text. The leader can write the predictions on the blackboard or on an overhead, or all students can write them down in their notebooks. Keeping those predictions in mind, the class then silently or orally reads the text. Then a new student is selected to be the teacher (i.e., the student leader), and the process begins again. During each successive summarizing stage, the student leader addresses the predictions that were made.