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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Russia Unit 1 Notes.

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Presentation on theme: "Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Russia Unit 1 Notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Russia Unit 1 Notes

2 How have these people impacted Russia?

3 Location of Russia Spans 2 continents: Europe & Asia! –So wide that a train trip across takes a week! Shares a border with 15 countries Eastern side is bound by Pacific Ocean Northern side is bounded by Arctic Ocean –At its closest point, Russia & US are only 3 miles apart across Bering Strait!

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5 Location of Russia European Russia is mostly landlocked (difficult for trading via ship) 2 exceptions: Murmansk & St. Petersburg

6 Climate of Russia Only has 2 seasons—winter and summer –Average yearly temperature is below freezing Asian Russia (Siberia) has the most extreme climate –lows -40 degrees & highs over 90 degrees 73% of population lives in European Russia (warmer)

7 Click here to view the “Russian Winters” video clip.

8 Natural Resources Vast forests for lumber are found here, but many have been cleared away for cities on the European side Deposits of gold, aluminum ore, coal, & iron are found in the Ural Mountains Volga River (largest river in Europe) is a major source of hydroelectric power

9 Natural Resources Russia’s large size, rugged terrain, and cold climate make it difficult for Russians to use their resources…

10 Where People Live… Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with million people. Land Area: 17,098,242 sq km Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile.

11 St. Basil’s Cathedral

12 Mt. Elbrus

13 Moscow Business Center

14 Kremlin Senate

15 Triumph Palace

16 Lenin’s Mausoleum

17 Location of the UK

18 A country of islands off the coast of mainland Europe –Made up of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Scotland, & Wales Location makes it a HUB for trade –Across the English Channel is France, west is the Republic of Ireland, east is the Scandinavian Peninsula –10 major ports along UK’s coast!

19 United Kingdom Consists of 4 regions: –England –Scotland –Wales –Northern Ireland

20 Location of UK Location has helped the UK become an international banking & insurance center –Has more foreign bank branches than any country in the world Location on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade with the US –US is the UK’s #1 trading partner!

21 : Climate Map

22 Climate of the UK Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year –No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks! –Winters are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the south The Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean & warms the country, making the winters milder than other European countries

23 Climate of the UK Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks! –Winters are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the south The Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean & warms the country, making the winters milder than other European countries

24 Climate of Russia Only has 2 seasons—winter and summer –Average yearly temperature is below freezing Asian Russia (Siberia) has the most extreme climate –lows -40 degrees & highs over 90 degrees 73% of population lives in European Russia (warmer)

25 Natural Resources of the UK Has deposits of coal, petroleum, natural gas, & iron ore –Form the backbone of the country’s industry: auto production, steel manufacturing, & shipbuilding Other resources include: zinc, lead, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, gypsum, potash, sand, & slate

26 Natural Resources in UK Manufacturing is declining… Natural resources are being used up and industry is changing to cleaner forms of energy –Many people who once had jobs in mining and manufacturing are being retrained for jobs in service industries –80% of the people work in service industries (tourism, health care, education, banking, & insurance)

27 Natural Resources in UK Fishing is profitable along the shores of the UK Nearly 25% of the country has arable land (fertile; good for farming) –Over half of the land is used for farms

28 Where People Live… About 60 million people live in the United Kingdom. Land Area: 243,610 sq km UK has 60 million people. 90% of the UK’s people live in cities. 7 million live in –London!

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30 Tower Bridge in London

31 Comparing UK & Russia Natural Resources: Both have fossil fuels, like coal & oil UK’s are dwindling, but much of Russia’s coal and oil is untouchable because of the climate & size of the country

32 Comparing UK & Russia Geographically very different: Russia is larger, with a coastline bordering the Arctic Ocean (ports are frozen much of the year) UK is an island country with a mild climate and many ports accessible all year round

33 Comparing UK & Russia Climate UK Winters are mild and wet because Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean & warms the country. Summers are warmest in the south Russia has only has 2 seasons—winter and summer. Asian Russia is coldest, European Russia the warmest…

34 Comparing UK & Russia Geographically very different: Russia is larger, with a coastline bordering the Arctic Ocean (ports are frozen much of the year) UK is an island country with a mild climate and many ports accessible all year round

35 Pack Your Bags! Inside of the suitcase, draw 3 things that you are going to take with you on our class trip to Russia. Think about the location, climate, physical features, and natural resources of the country. Next, include a brief description of why you chose to bring that particular item.

36 Pack Your Bags! Inside of the suitcase, draw 3 things that you are going to take with you on our class trip to the United Kingdom. Think about the location, climate, physical features, and natural resources of the country. Next, include a brief description of why you chose to bring that particular item.

37 Comparing UK and Russia million people live in Russia

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