1 United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, & Germany EQ: Why do people choose to live in certain places?
2 United Kingdom Consists of 4 regions: England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland
3 LocationUK’s location has helped the country become an international banking and insurance center-more foreign bank branches than any country in the worldLocation helps with US trade-US is UK’s #1 trading partner!
4 Location UK’s location makes it HUB for trade Across the English Channel is France, west isIreland, east is ScandinavianPeninsula10 major ports along thecoast
5 ClimateThe UK has a mild (temperate)climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.-No section go without rain for more than two weeks-Winter are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the southThe Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean
7 Natural Resources Fishing is a large and profitable industry in UK Nearly 25% of country has arable land (suitable for faming)-Over half of the land is used for farms
8 Population / Where People Live/Land Area About 60 million people live in the United Kingdom.Around 90% of the UK’s people live in cities.London has over 7 million people.Land Area – 243,610 sq. miles
11 Location Spans two continents – Europe and Asia Shares a border with 15 countriesAt its closest point, Us and Russia are only 3 miles apart across the Bering Straight!European Russia is mostly landlocked (surrounded by land on all sides)Exceptions – Murmansk and St. Petersburg
12 ClimateMost of the western part of Russia has a humid continental climate. Summers are warm and rainy, while winters are cold and snowy.Only two seasons: winter and summer. Eastern Russia experiences cool, short summers and long, snowy winters.Asian Russia (Siberia) northern border is a tundra (nearly frozen, treeless plain).73% of population lives in European Russia
13 Natural Resources Major export: petroleum Bauxite, coal, copper, fishing, gold, iron ore, lead, natural gas, nickel, tin, & zincVolga River – hydroelectric powerLots of forest with lumber have been cleared to build European citiesWith Russia’s harsh climate and rugged terrain, natural resources and difficult to get to
14 Population/ Where People Live/ Land Area Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with million people.Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile.Land Area – 17,098,242 sq. miles
17 Location North Central Europe – European Plain Southern region – mountainousCentral region – hilly and mountainousNorthern region – flatRhine River – most important commerical waterway in Europe
18 ClimateBecause of its mountainous landscape, Germany has a cool climate.West – winters are mild and summers are cool with rainfall year roundEast – winters are very cold and summers are very hot with long dry periods
19 Natural ResourcesAn area in western Germany called the Ruhr ranks as one of the world’s most important industrial centers because of its rich deposits of coal and iron ore.Germany imports about 1/3 of its food, although farmers grow grains, vegetables, and fruits.Germany’s Black Forest is a huge producer of timber, although recently acid rain has severely damaged tree growth.
20 Natural ResourcesIron ore, coal, potash, uranium, nickel, natural gas, and copperTimber is also a resource but most of it has been cut down1/3 of land is arable
21 Population/Where People Live/Land Area Germany’s population is 82.6 million people.Because of its rivers and fertile land, Germany’s northern plain has many cities and towns.One of Europe’s most important waterways flows through southern Germany.85% of people live in cities (Berlin is the largest and the capital)Land Area: 357, 022 sq. miles
22 Trade Rhine River is important for trade Many German cities lie on the Rhine
25 LocationLong, boot-shaped peninsula surrounded by the Mediterranean SeaAlps form northern borderApennine Mountains run from the Alps to the sea2 small islands, Sardinia and Sicily, are part of Italy
26 ClimateMost of Italy has a mild climate of sunny summers and rainy winters. In spring and summer, hot dry winds called siroccos blow across Italy from North Africa.Temperate (mild) climate with regional differencesCoast – mild winters, warm summersMountains – cold, wet, snowy winters and humid summers
27 Natural Resources Major export: metal coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate,26% arable landGrapes and olives are important cropsMore than 800 ports for fishing boats
28 Population/Where People Live/Land Area Italy has 57.2 million people.About 70% of the population live in towns and cities. (More than 90% of Italians work in manufacturing and service industries.)7 out of 10 people live in urban areas (Rome, Naples, Milan, Turin)Almost half of the people live in the northern 1/3 of the countryLand Area: 301,340 sq. miles
29 Trade Apennine Mtns. Are like a backbone across Italy They affect where people live and how they transport goods and peopleLocation on Mediterranean Sea affects trade with other countriesHas a long history of shipping goods to Africa, Asia, and Europe