2United Kingdom Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) Northern Ireland
3Location of the U.K. Islands off the coast of mainland Europe Separated from France by the English ChannelSeparated from the Scandinavian Peninsula by the North Sea
4Location of the U.K. 10 Major Ports Location has helped the U.K. become an international banking centerLocation on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade with the U.S.U.S. is the U.K.’s number one trading partner
5Climate of the U.K. Mild climate with rainfall throughout year No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks.Mild climate is caused by the Gulf Stream; otherwise the climate would be much colder
7Climate of the U.K. Mild climate is good for farming Land is also used for grazing and agriculture
8Natural ResourcesImportant resources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Iron OreOther resources: Lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, potash, sand, and slateManufacturing is declining due to natural resources being used up
9Natural Resources Fishing is important along the shores 25% of the land is arable (land suitable for growing crops)
10Russia Shares a border with 15 countries At closest point, Russia and the U.S. are only 3 miles apart
11Location of Russia Spans 2 continents Eastern Europe Northern Asia Capital is MoscowEuropean Russia is almost landlockedWould take a week to travel from western Russia to Eastern Russia by train
12European Russia Location Most land far from the sea or frozenMurmansk and St. Petersburg are portsGulf Stream keeps port at Murmansk ice free
14Climate of Russia Asian Russia Extreme climates European RussiaOnly 2 seasons: winter and summerMany areas have permanently frozen soil (permafrost)Warmer than Asian RussiaAsian RussiaExtreme climatesSiberia: temperatures can be -40 degrees
18Natural resourcesImportant resources: Forests, gold, aluminum ore, coal, IronVolga River: Longest river in Europe; produces hydroelectric powerMost natural resources are found in Siberia and Asian Russia
20Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries. Who wins?Best country for making snowmen?Best country for selling umbrellas?Best country for trading with the United States?Best country for taking a week-long train ride?List two disadvantages that Russia has.
21GermanyAbout the size of South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama combined.Capital is Berlin
22Location of Germany North-central Europe on the European Plain Center of Europe: Good for travel and trade8 major portsMajor waterway: Rhine River
23Climate of Germany Marine climate Gulf Stream warms the region Colder in Bavarian Alps: Why?
24Check Your Understanding What physical feature helps transport goods in Germany?Mediterranean SeaRhine RiverEuropean PlainWhere is Germany located?Northern EuropeEastern EuropeCentral Europe
25Natural Resources of Germany Important resources: Iron ore, coal, and potash, timber, uranium, natural gas, and copper.Many industries along the Rhine
38Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries. Who wins?Best country for growing grapesBest country for making carsBest country for swimmingBest country for visiting as a touristWhat disadvantages does Italy have?