United Kingdom Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) Northern Ireland
Location of the U.K. Islands off the coast of mainland Europe Separated from France by the English Channel Separated from the Scandinavian Peninsula by the North Sea
Location of the U.K. 10 Major Ports Location has helped the U.K. become an international banking center Location on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade with the U.S. U.S. is the U.K.’s number one trading partner
Mild climate with rainfall throughout year No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks. Mild climate is caused by the Gulf Stream; otherwise the climate would be much colder Climate of the U.K.
Mild climate is good for farming Land is also used for grazing and agriculture
Natural Resources Important resources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Iron Ore Other resources: Lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, potash, sand, and slate Manufacturing is declining due to natural resources being used up
Natural Resources Fishing is important along the shores 25% of the land is arable (land suitable for growing crops)
Russia Shares a border with 15 countries At closest point, Russia and the U.S. are only 3 miles apart
Location of Russia Spans 2 continents Eastern Europe Northern Asia Capital is Moscow European Russia is almost landlocked Would take a week to travel from western Russia to Eastern Russia by train
European Russia Location Most land far from the sea or frozen Murmansk and St. Petersburg are ports Gulf Stream keeps port at Murmansk ice free
Climate of Russia European Russia Only 2 seasons: winter and summer Many areas have permanently frozen soil (permafrost) Warmer than Asian Russia Asian Russia Extreme climates Siberia: temperatures can be -40 degrees
Natural resources Important resources: Forests, gold, aluminum ore, coal, Iron Important resources: Forests, gold, aluminum ore, coal, Iron Volga River: Longest river in Europe; produces hydroelectric power Volga River: Longest river in Europe; produces hydroelectric power Most natural resources are found in Siberia and Asian Russia Most natural resources are found in Siberia and Asian Russia
Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries. Who wins? Best country for making snowmen? Best country for selling umbrellas? Best country for trading with the United States? Best country for taking a week-long train ride? List two disadvantages that Russia has.
Germany About the size of South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama combined. Capital is Berlin
Location of Germany North-central Europe on the European Plain Center of Europe: Good for travel and trade 8 major ports Major waterway: Rhine River
Climate of Germany Marine climate Gulf Stream warms the region Colder in Bavarian Alps: Why?
Check Your Understanding What physical feature helps transport goods in Germany? a)Mediterranean Sea b)Rhine River c)European Plain Where is Germany located? a)Northern Europe b)Eastern Europe c)Central Europe
Natural Resources of Germany Important resources: Iron ore, coal, and potash, timber, uranium, natural gas, and copper. Many industries along the Rhine
Check Your Understanding What industry drives Germany’s economy? A)Manufacturing B)Fishing C)Farming Italy is an example of a: a)Plateau b)Plain c)Peninsula
Climate of Italy Mediterranean Climate Mediterranean Climate Summer: Rarely rains, comfortable temperature Summer: Rarely rains, comfortable temperature Winter: Cloudy and rainy Winter: Cloudy and rainy
Natural Resources of Italy Few mineral resources Few mineral resources Natural Gas is the most valuable mineral resource Natural Gas is the most valuable mineral resource Other resources: Coal, mercury, zinc, potash Arable land Arable land Fishing Fishing
Check Your Understanding What is Italy’s most valuable crop? a)Peaches b)Apples c)Grapes What is Italy’s biggest industry? a)Tourism b)Manufacturing c)Mining
Location, climate, and natural resources give advantages to countries. Who wins? Best country for growing grapes Best country for making cars Best country for swimming Best country for visiting as a tourist What disadvantages does Italy have?