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William Shakespeare: Life in the Elizabethan Theater.

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Presentation on theme: "William Shakespeare: Life in the Elizabethan Theater."— Presentation transcript:

1 William Shakespeare: Life in the Elizabethan Theater

2 How much do you Already Know? True or False: 1. The Elizabethans were superstitious and believed the future of a persons life was determined by the placement of the stars at that persons birth. 2. Before coming to London, Shakespeare married an older woman who was already pregnant. 3. William Shakespeare attended Oxford University where he spent years perfecting his writing.

3 4. Shakespeare wrote over 150 sonnets and 38 plays. 5. When Romeo and Juliet was first performed in 1595, Juliet was played by a young boy. 6. Shakespeares plays came straight from his imagination. 7. Shakespeares theater, The Globe, burned down in 1613 and was not open again until Howd you do?! Lets see…

4 Elizabethan Times: Beliefs About the Universe Elizabethans believed that the earth was the center of the universe and fixed firmly in place. Elizabethans believed that the earth was the center of the universe and fixed firmly in place. Seven planets– the moon, Mercury, Venus, the sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn– rotated around the earth Seven planets– the moon, Mercury, Venus, the sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn– rotated around the earth Astrologers thought they could predict future events by knowing the conjunction of stars, and the future course of a persons life could be known ahead of time by knowing the placement of the stars at that persons birth (astrology). Astrologers thought they could predict future events by knowing the conjunction of stars, and the future course of a persons life could be known ahead of time by knowing the placement of the stars at that persons birth (astrology).

5 What do you think? Do we have similar beliefs today? Do we have similar beliefs today? What role will fate and predictions play in Romeo and Juliet? What role will fate and predictions play in Romeo and Juliet?

6 The Father of English William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. He was born into a moderate life; his family could not afford to send him to university. He was born into a moderate life; his family could not afford to send him to university. He was married to Anne Hathaway on November 28, William was 18 and Anne was 26and pregnant. He was married to Anne Hathaway on November 28, William was 18 and Anne was 26and pregnant. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born on May 26, The couple later had twins, Hamnet and Judith; Hamnet died in childhood at the age of 11. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born on May 26, The couple later had twins, Hamnet and Judith; Hamnet died in childhood at the age of 11.

7 Shakespeares Birthplace: Stratford-Upon-Avon

8 Father of English… continued He wrote his first play when he was 25 years old. He wrote his first play when he was 25 years old. He wrote approximately 38 plays and 154 sonnets in his lifetime. He wrote approximately 38 plays and 154 sonnets in his lifetime. Many of his plays are autobiographical: comments on the royal society or reflective of his fatherhood concerns. Many of his plays are autobiographical: comments on the royal society or reflective of his fatherhood concerns. He died in 1616 at the age of 52, most likely on his birthday. He died in 1616 at the age of 52, most likely on his birthday. He never published any of his plays. We only read them today because his actors recorded his work as a posthumous dedication to him. He never published any of his plays. We only read them today because his actors recorded his work as a posthumous dedication to him.

9 OTHER FUN FACTS William Shakespeares nickname: The Bard William Shakespeares nickname: The Bard All of Shakespeares 38 plays have been made into films All of Shakespeares 38 plays have been made into films Shakespeare created approximately 2,000 words throughout his career, including lonely, champion, hint, tranquil, and zany Shakespeare created approximately 2,000 words throughout his career, including lonely, champion, hint, tranquil, and zany

10 About Shakespeares Plays Shakespeares plays are divided into 3 categories: HISTORIES Henry IV, V, and VI, and Richard III. COMEDIES A Midsummer Nights Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, and As You Like It. TRAGEDIES Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear, and Othello

11 About Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two young star- crossed lovers in Verona, Italy. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two young star- crossed lovers in Verona, Italy. The plot of the play is revealed by the Prologue. The plot of the play is revealed by the Prologue. All of Shakespeares tragedies are in five acts, and ends with the deaths of the main characters. All of Shakespeares tragedies are in five acts, and ends with the deaths of the main characters. Act I: Exposition Act I: Exposition ACT II: Rising Action, complications ACT II: Rising Action, complications ACT III: Crisis, Turning Point ACT III: Crisis, Turning Point ACT IV: Falling Action ACT IV: Falling Action ACT V: Climax, resolution ACT V: Climax, resolution

12 Attending Shakespeares Theater Shakespeares plays were performed at the Globe Theatre in London. Shakespeares plays were performed at the Globe Theatre in London. The theater was round and covered only the outside galleries- many playgoers got wet in the frequent London rains. The theater was round and covered only the outside galleries- many playgoers got wet in the frequent London rains.

13 Attending Shakespeares Theater Almost half of the theater-goers stood on the ground and were called groundlings. Almost half of the theater-goers stood on the ground and were called groundlings. People paying higher prices got seats in the galleries for their money and a roof to keep off the rain. People paying higher prices got seats in the galleries for their money and a roof to keep off the rain.

14 Attending Shakespeares Theater No one went to the theater at night- the stage was in the middle of the audience and was lighted by the sun. No one went to the theater at night- the stage was in the middle of the audience and was lighted by the sun. No women or girls acted in the plays- boys played all female parts No women or girls acted in the plays- boys played all female parts There was no scenery, few props, and only costumes that the actors provided for themselves. There was no scenery, few props, and only costumes that the actors provided for themselves. Why were women prohibited to act during this time period? What were the established gender roles?

15 The Globe Theatre: Old and New In 1613, the old Globe Theatre burned to the ground after being set on fire by a spark from a canon during a performance of Henry VIII. Reconstruction on a replica of the original Globe Theatre began in 1993 and was completed in Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the Globe in May of Image: Shakespeares GlobeShakespeares Globe

16 Answers to your questions– did you get them right? 1. True 2. True 3. False 4. True 5. True 6. False 7. True


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