2Take Notes Please take notes on the following slides. Do not write every word down.Work on taking notes efficiently and writing down what you will understand later and will help you remember the information.
3Shakespeare’s LifeWilliam Shakespeare was an English playwright from the 16th Century.He was born 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon.He died on April 23, 1616.
4Shakespeare’s wife probably didn’t At the age of 18, he married an older woman, Anne Hathaway.He had 3 children- Susanna and twins, Hamnet and Judith.He left them in Stratford to go be an actor and playwright in LondonShakespeare’s wife probably didn’tlook like this.
5Elizabethan TheatreWhen Shakespeare was in London, Elizabeth I was the queen ( ). This was called the Elizabethan Era.There was an explosion of literature and theater during this era. It is also called the English Renaissance because so much great art and culture developed during this time.
6Shakespeare first entered the theater as an actor traveling with different acting companies. At the age of 27, he decided to try writing plays.His plays were popular when he was alive but nowhere close to how popular they are today.He wrote 38 plays in total
7Shakespeare’s PlaysShakespeare looked for pre-existing stories for inspiration. He changed many details, but he never started from scratch when writing plays. He was a famous “borrower” of other people’s ideas.His works can be traced back to various literary sources and incidents in his life and the world around him. His writing was influenced by Roman and Italian authors.
8Shakespeare wrote 4 types of plays: ComediesHumorous—usually end in marriageTragediesAlways end in deathHistoriesChronicle the lives of royaltyRomances (also called problem plays)Weird hybrid plays (not exactly comedy or tragedy)He also wrote: 154 sonnets, 3 long narrative poems, Several other poems
9Theater in the Elizabethan Age Elizabethans wanted plays with lots of excitement, romance, dirty jokes, ghosts, stabbings and sword fights.If they were not pleased, the audience would throw rotten eggs and vegetables at the actors.
10Women were not allowed to act, so men had to play all parts Women were not allowed to act, so men had to play all parts. Young boys would often play the parts of women.
11The Original Globe Theater The original theater was built in 1599 by the acting company, Lord Chamberlain’s Men. Most of Shakespeare’s plays were performed here.
12The Globe was 3 stories high, octagon-shaped and had an open air court in the middle. The stage reached into the middle area and was surrounded by tiers of seats that had a roof over them.The upper- and middle- class sat in the seats.The poor people (called “groundlings”) paid a penny to stand in the center.
13Acting in The GlobeThere were no electric lights, sound effects, or big sets in The Globe. All performances took place during the day when there was light for the audience to see.
14Because all the plays took place on a bare stage in the daytime, Shakespeare had to use language to convey time of day, weather, and mood. Characters who talk about how dark it is are setting the stage for the audience.
15Romeo and JulietShakespeare's tragic tale of two star-crossed lovers whose families get in the way of their happiness.The story came from a poem by Arthur Brooke titled “The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet.”