Presentation on theme: "Photo 2 5.51” x 10.31” Position x: 8.53”, y:.18” Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 4.36”, y:.18” Altomayo Conservation Initiative – Benefit sharing Milagros."— Presentation transcript:
Photo ” x 10.31” Position x: 8.53”, y:.18” Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 4.36”, y:.18” Altomayo Conservation Initiative – Benefit sharing Milagros Sandoval Environmental Policy Coordinator CI Peru
Peruvian Yungas - Cloud forests Elevation range : 800 – 4,000 masl (2,600-13,000 feet) Part of the Peruvian National System of Protected Areas 182,000 ha (450,000 acres) core zone, and 425,405 ha (1 million acres) including buffer zone National protected area with one of the highest deforestation rate in Peru approx. 4,530 ha until year 2000 according to its Master Plan Alto Mayo Protected Forest (AMPF ) - Context
Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y:.18” Altomayo Protected Forest (AMPF) - Importance Area of great value for the conservation of biodiversity and fresh water resources (AZE, Huancabamba depression) Harbors many endemic and endangered species “Yellow-tailed Wooly Monkey” (Oreonax flavicauda) “Mono tocón andino” (Callicebus oenanthe) “Andean Bear” (Tremarctos ornatus) Fresh water provision: Headwaters that supply water to the important municipal and agricultural areas (food security) Cultural values (indigenous communities) Tourism Long-whiskered Owlet
Created in 1987; SERNANP on site presence since 2000; Master Plan 2008 According to the Master Plan around1,000 families live within AMPF boundaries, most of them are illegal settlers. More recent estimates put this figure between 3,000 and 5,000 families The AMPF is a protected natural area with one of the highest deforestation rates in Peru (0.34% yr-1) Key drivers of deforestation= coffee production and subsistence agriculture AMPF Facts
IIRSA highway Major cities Buffer zoneProtected area Indigenous communities
Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y:.18” Alto Mayo Conservation Initiative (ICAM) Goal Promote the well-being of the population and the conservation of biodiversity in AMPF through an innovative management model for NPA´s, based on the value and incorporation of its ecosystem services for the benefit of local and regional economies
Designing a REDD+ initiative for the Alto Mayo Protected Forest Objectives of the initiative: Conserve the AMPF and its ecosystem services Reduce deforestation of primary forests in AMPF and its buffer zone Promote sustainable economic activities and improve human well-being standards Restore and maintain critical ecosystem services – water provision and regulation, scenic beauty, biodiversity.
Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y:.18” a.Strengthen the management of AMPF – technical capacity, operational leadership and the management committee. b.Align the production systems with the objectives of AMPF, including conservation agreements with the populations in favor of AMPF. c.Ensure the sustainability of the management of AMPF through financial mechanisms over a long time period (i.e., REDD and PES) d.Implement a communications strategy – change the local population´s relations with AMPF. e.Integrate AMPF in regional policies and processes through a healthy and sustainable economic model. Strategies of the ICAM
Conservation Agreement Conservation Actions Benefits Threats to biodiversity Opportunity Cost No deforestation. No land trafficking Adapt conventional productive systems Riverine vegetation restoration efforts Improved agricultural practices (technical support, organic fertilizers, equip) Efficient cooking stoves Tree nurseries Financial Tools Conservation Agreements
Legal challenges Protected area (special legislation). Settlers are mostly illegal. Legal framework of conservation agreement: who signs the agreements? Signing of agreements implies granting rights over area? Identify benefits that promote conservation activities /avoid establishing new threats to the area. What type of benefits: group? Individual? Long term sustainability of agreements Agreement term / renovation Causes for agreement termination – what happens if settler doesn´t follow agreement?
Improvement of livelihoods and biodiversity conservation Conservation actions Will not allow clearing of primary forest including riverine forests and upper watersheds Will not allow clearing of vegetation on slopes higher than 60% Control the entrance of new migrants to the zone. Prohibit the cutting of timber for commercial purposes. Socioeconomic benefits Technical assistance and inputs (eg.organic fertilizers) for agricultural crops Capacity building in production and certification of organic shade grown coffee (articulation with existing associations) Improved cooked stoves Installation of nurseries for agroforestry systems and coffee Building of communal houses and park ranger posts. Salaries for patrolling and control
Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y:.18” Lessons learned Conservation agreements have been implemented (200 by September 2012) Around 50% of the returns obtained by carbon credits are used to fund Conservation Agreements. Stakeholder engagement under this framework is bound by the PA legislation. Distribution of incentives to the local population (Organic products for coffee cultivation, improved cook stoves) Governance:Conservation agreements have become an innovative legal instrument that can support PA authority´s leadership in protected areas. Conservation agreeements are an effective pro poor benefit distribution mechanism.
LESSONS LEARNED Think outside the box: AMPF project is innovating on several fronts: technical, legal, financial, pro-poor benefit distribution mechanisms, etc. as model to inform national and regional policies: Instrument opens up possibility of working with settlers in PA to achieve conservation goals. REDD should be a catalyst for Green Economies: benefits from REDD should be used to improve community livelihoods (e.g., improve production and quality of coffee and access to preferential markets) Manage expectations with communities, governments, donors, etc.
Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y:.18” THANKS! Our gratitude to: The Walt Disney Company CI´s Ecosystem and Finance Division CELB CSP Verde Ventures GCF CI´s Science and Knowledge Communities of San Martin Peruvian Natural Protected Areas Service Ministry of Environment