2Push /Pull FactorsWhy would people in the eastern United States want to move west during the mid-1800’s?What factors were PUSHING and PULLING?PUSH FACTORS – Circumstances or challenges that cause people to want to pull up stakes and move to a new place.PULL FACTORS – Circumstances or advantages that draw people to a new place
3Push Factors Panic of 1837 Harsh winters Restless/Curious Looking for Wealth
5Challenges Along the Way Shortages of food, water, suppliesRough WeatherDisease / IllnessGeographic BarriersEnvironmental DangersWeight in the wagons
6Fur TrappersHigh demand for fur in Europe caused companies to move West in search of more beavers.John Jacob Astor created one of the largest fur businesses – American Fur CompanyFur Traders and Trappers became known as “Mountain Men.” – Jedediah Smith, Manuel Lisa, Jim Bridger, Jim BeckwourthRocky Mountain “Rendezvous” – once a year gathering of trappers and traders.Fur trade came to an end by the 1840’s – mountain men stories lured many new settlers.
7Oregon Trail2, 000 mile long trail – from Independence, MO or Council Bluffs, IA west into Oregon CountryAfter the Rocky Mountains it forked. Northern branch went to Willamette Valley in Oregon. The other branch went to California and became the California Trail.
8Santa Fe Trail Independence, MO to Santa Fe, New Mexico Followed ancient trading route used by Native AmericansAmerican traders loaded wagons full of cloth and other manufactured goods and traded for horses, mules, and SILVER! They made lots of money!
9Mormon Trail1830 – Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints – known as MormonsSome of their beliefs and practices caused the Mormons to be persecuted.Polygamy (outlawed by the church in 1890)The Book of Mormon written from golden tabletsJoseph Smith was murdered in 1844Brigham Young took over and chose Utah as the group’s new home.