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Integration of Sustainable Development in Zambia’s National Development Plans Lessons Learnt & Recommendations By: Mrs. Chitembo Kawimbe Chunga Principal.

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Presentation on theme: "Integration of Sustainable Development in Zambia’s National Development Plans Lessons Learnt & Recommendations By: Mrs. Chitembo Kawimbe Chunga Principal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integration of Sustainable Development in Zambia’s National Development Plans Lessons Learnt & Recommendations By: Mrs. Chitembo Kawimbe Chunga Principal Planner National Planning Department Ministry of Finance ZAMBIA

2 Outline O Introduction O Sustainable Development Strategy in Zambia O Development Policy Issues O Institutional Arrangement O Integration in National Development Plans O Implementation Strategies O Lessons Learnt O Sustainable Development and the Zambia’s Planning System O Lessons Learnt (Achievements and failures) O Recommendations

3 Introduction O Objective – to share Zambia’s experience in integrating and implementing Sustainable Development in national development plans for inclusive economic development

4 Sustainable Development (SD) Strategy in Zambia O Adaptation and implementation from 1992 to 2002 O No specific policy to guide SD implementation but fragmented implementation O Legal framework, various legislation in support of SD developed such as, ZEMA law, O Initially coordinated by the then newly created ministry responsible for environmental matters then Ministry of Finance O Focused on environmental pillar while the Social and Economic lagged behind

5 Sustainable Development (SD) Strategy in Zambia O Haphazard sort of implementation due to silo national level planning O Conspicuously absent coordinated national planning O However project appraisals and implementation would ensure environmental issues are mainstreamed

6 Sustainable Development (SD) Strategy in Zambia Cont’d O 2002 to 2012 O Continued absence of documented national development planning policy and continuous fragmented legislation O But MoF, coordinates and ensures integration of SD principles in NDPs both long and medium term plans but with no specific plan or strategy on SD

7 Sustainable Development (SD) Strategy in Zambia Cont’d O (Jo’burg plan was agreed that Zambia will use NDPs) O Makes monitoring and evaluating very difficult O Continuous monitoring of SD aspects problematic O Further, limited capacities (human and financial) for ensuring implementation as indicated in the sector specific plans O Implementation is done by MPSAs

8 Sustainable Development (SD) Strategy in Zambia Cont’d O Achievements O Overall socio-economic development as now Zambia has been reclassified as a ‘low’ middle income nation from a HIPC O Legislation passed due to SD principles such as environmental law; O Creation of Ministry of Women, ZEMA O Community driven development initiatives aimed at Poverty reduction incorporates SD principles

9 Sustainable Development and Zambia’s Planning System O National development planning and budgeting system is a partial de-concentrated / decentralized system O NDCC, PDCC and DDCCs - consultative structures and no legislation to guide these structures O SAGs O Planning Depts in MPSAs and NPD at MoF O District Planning Offices – LA O Technocrats and Politicians

10 Sustainable Development and Zambia’s Planning System O Poor linkages and synergies within the various tiers of government that undertake planning O Timelines of events O Engagement of stakeholders O Varied document structures O Content of the Plans O Funding - NDPs versus the budget O Resource Allocation and National Budgeting Processes O No consolidated national legal and policy framework for development planning

11 Sysnopsis of Planning documents National Development Planning and Budgeting Framework11 National Provincial District Sub-district LONG TERM PLANS Vision Various Sector Investment Plans IDPS Some Districts /10/ /20/21 MEDIUM TERM PLANS NDPs DDSP etc SHORT TERM PLANS Budget

12 Lessons Learnt and Way Forward O Need to have well coordinated institutional arrangement for SD results to have greater impact O Policy framework to be in place for SD that is clearly linked to the overall national development agenda O There is a need to develop mechanisms for integrating the 3 SD pillars in development plans and strategies

13 Recommendations O The SD framework should be developed in the Zambian development context O Institutional mechanism to be put in place as an immediate remedy

14 The End!!!!


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