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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OFFENSIVE & DEFENSIVE CONTROL OPTIONS Chapter # 17.

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Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OFFENSIVE & DEFENSIVE CONTROL OPTIONS Chapter # 17."— Presentation transcript:

1 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OFFENSIVE & DEFENSIVE CONTROL OPTIONS Chapter # 17

2 Hazardous Materials Release Offensive & Defensive Options Introduction Spills/Releases. Spills/Releases. Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment. NFPA Definitions. NFPA Definitions. Defensive Control Options. Defensive Control Options. Offensive Control Options. Offensive Control Options.

3 SPILLS/RELEASESSPILLS/RELEASES Spills Occur in Many Ways: Spills Occur in Many Ways: Over-turned Containers. Over-turned Containers. Leaking Containers Leaking Containers Intentional Spills. Intentional Spills. Uncontrolled Reactions. Uncontrolled Reactions. While Taking Samples or During Maintenance Activities. While Taking Samples or During Maintenance Activities. Spills Occur in Many Ways: Spills Occur in Many Ways: Over-turned Containers. Over-turned Containers. Leaking Containers Leaking Containers Intentional Spills. Intentional Spills. Uncontrolled Reactions. Uncontrolled Reactions. While Taking Samples or During Maintenance Activities. While Taking Samples or During Maintenance Activities.

4 Offensive Control Options Are Reserved for Haz Mat Technicians Why: Why: Special Training and Protective Equipment Is Required to Safely and Effectively Handle the Incident. Special Training and Protective Equipment Is Required to Safely and Effectively Handle the Incident. A Haz Mat Technician May Have to Decide on PPE. A Haz Mat Technician May Have to Decide on PPE. Understanding Emergency Controls and Safe Work Practices During Mitigation Is Necessary for a Haz Mat Technician to Make Critical Decisions. Understanding Emergency Controls and Safe Work Practices During Mitigation Is Necessary for a Haz Mat Technician to Make Critical Decisions. Why: Why: Special Training and Protective Equipment Is Required to Safely and Effectively Handle the Incident. Special Training and Protective Equipment Is Required to Safely and Effectively Handle the Incident. A Haz Mat Technician May Have to Decide on PPE. A Haz Mat Technician May Have to Decide on PPE. Understanding Emergency Controls and Safe Work Practices During Mitigation Is Necessary for a Haz Mat Technician to Make Critical Decisions. Understanding Emergency Controls and Safe Work Practices During Mitigation Is Necessary for a Haz Mat Technician to Make Critical Decisions.

5 What Are the Three Goals Which Must Be Considered During the Management of a Spill? SPILLS/RELEASESSPILLS/RELEASES

6 SPILLS/RELEASESSPILLS/RELEASES Life Safety. Life Safety. Protection of the Environment. Protection of the Environment. Protection of Property. Protection of Property. Life Safety. Life Safety. Protection of the Environment. Protection of the Environment. Protection of Property. Protection of Property.

7 When Considering the Nature of a Spill, There Are Nine Factors Which Effect How We Deal With It. SPILLS/RELEASESSPILLS/RELEASES

8 SPILLS/RELEASES Nine Factors Which Effect Spills They are: They are: Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment. State of Material. State of Material. Company Policies. Company Policies. Route of Dispersion. Route of Dispersion. Hazards Associated with the Material. Hazards Associated with the Material. Quantity of Material. Quantity of Material. Equipment Needs. Equipment Needs. Secondary Contamination. Secondary Contamination. Weather. Weather. They are: They are: Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment. State of Material. State of Material. Company Policies. Company Policies. Route of Dispersion. Route of Dispersion. Hazards Associated with the Material. Hazards Associated with the Material. Quantity of Material. Quantity of Material. Equipment Needs. Equipment Needs. Secondary Contamination. Secondary Contamination. Weather. Weather.

9 SPILLS/RELEASES Pre-Planning Is The Key! Pre-Planning May Include: Pre-Planning May Include: Knowing Which Containment or Control Method Is Compatible With Each Chemical. Knowing Which Containment or Control Method Is Compatible With Each Chemical. Having Adequate Emergency Supplies. Having Adequate Emergency Supplies. Establishing Policies and Procedures for Dealing With Each Chemical Establishing Policies and Procedures for Dealing With Each Chemical Training And Exercising All ER Personnel. Training And Exercising All ER Personnel.

10 Risk Assessment Three Questions to Ask During Three Questions: Three Questions: What Will Happen If We Do Nothing? What Will Happen If We Do Nothing? What Will Happen If We Try to Control the Release? What Will Happen If We Try to Control the Release? What Will Happen If We Just Keep the Material From Spreading? What Will Happen If We Just Keep the Material From Spreading? Three Questions: Three Questions: What Will Happen If We Do Nothing? What Will Happen If We Do Nothing? What Will Happen If We Try to Control the Release? What Will Happen If We Try to Control the Release? What Will Happen If We Just Keep the Material From Spreading? What Will Happen If We Just Keep the Material From Spreading?

11 Based on These Questions, the Responder Can Act According to Their Level of Training and Within Their Capabilities and Resources. Risk Assessment

12 FRA = S. I. N. FRA = S. I. N. FRO = S. I. N. and C FRO = S. I. N. and C Tech = All of the Above and More Tech = All of the Above and More FRA = S. I. N. FRA = S. I. N. FRO = S. I. N. and C FRO = S. I. N. and C Tech = All of the Above and More Tech = All of the Above and More Risk Assessment Responder Actions

13 NFPA Definitions CONTROL The Defensive or Offensive Procedures, Techniques and Methods Used in the Mitigation of a Hazardous Materials Incident, Enclosing Containment, Extinguishment and Confinement.

14 The Actions Taken to Keep a Material in Its Container (i.e., Stop a Release of the Material or Reduce the Amount Being Released). The Actions Taken to Keep a Material in Its Container (i.e., Stop a Release of the Material or Reduce the Amount Being Released). Including: Including: PluggingPlugging OverpackingOverpacking PatchingPatching By-PassingBy-Passing NFPA Definitions CONTAINMENT

15 Those Procedures Taken to Keep a Material in a Defined or Local Area Once Released. Those Procedures Taken to Keep a Material in a Defined or Local Area Once Released. Including: Including: Secondary ContainmentSecondary Containment OverpackingOverpacking RetainingRetaining DammingDamming NFPA Definitions CONFINEMENT

16 Containment: Containment: Contained as quickly as possible to:Contained as quickly as possible to: »Eliminate or reduce the hazard. »Prevent contamination of people and the environment. »Facilitate cleanup. Containment: Containment: Contained as quickly as possible to:Contained as quickly as possible to: »Eliminate or reduce the hazard. »Prevent contamination of people and the environment. »Facilitate cleanup. Defensive Control Options

17 Containment: Containment: Most efficient way to control or contain is to contain the material in its most concentrated form.Most efficient way to control or contain is to contain the material in its most concentrated form. However, response personnel have the highest priority over the incident.However, response personnel have the highest priority over the incident. Containment: Containment: Most efficient way to control or contain is to contain the material in its most concentrated form.Most efficient way to control or contain is to contain the material in its most concentrated form. However, response personnel have the highest priority over the incident.However, response personnel have the highest priority over the incident. Defensive Control Options

18 Vertical & Lateral Control: Vertical & Lateral Control: Vertical Control:Vertical Control: »Containing materials releasing vertically. n Atmospheric and ground. »Most difficult to control. Lateral Control:Lateral Control: »Lateral movement over surface with no vertical movement. »Easier to control. Vertical & Lateral Control: Vertical & Lateral Control: Vertical Control:Vertical Control: »Containing materials releasing vertically. n Atmospheric and ground. »Most difficult to control. Lateral Control:Lateral Control: »Lateral movement over surface with no vertical movement. »Easier to control. Defensive Control Options

19 SOPs should include protocol for: SOPs should include protocol for: Containers badly damaged that plugging or patching is impossible.Containers badly damaged that plugging or patching is impossible. Inaccessible or damaged container valves & emergency shut-off systems.Inaccessible or damaged container valves & emergency shut-off systems. Liquids leaking during rainy weather.Liquids leaking during rainy weather. Liquids leaking into uncontrollable, high flowing rivers or waterways.Liquids leaking into uncontrollable, high flowing rivers or waterways. Breached containers of powders in high wind environment.Breached containers of powders in high wind environment. SOPs should include protocol for: SOPs should include protocol for: Containers badly damaged that plugging or patching is impossible.Containers badly damaged that plugging or patching is impossible. Inaccessible or damaged container valves & emergency shut-off systems.Inaccessible or damaged container valves & emergency shut-off systems. Liquids leaking during rainy weather.Liquids leaking during rainy weather. Liquids leaking into uncontrollable, high flowing rivers or waterways.Liquids leaking into uncontrollable, high flowing rivers or waterways. Breached containers of powders in high wind environment.Breached containers of powders in high wind environment. Procedures When Normal Containment Cannot Be Achieved

20 Rain is the biggest threat during liquid or powder leaks: Rain is the biggest threat during liquid or powder leaks: Act quickly to protect storm drains.Act quickly to protect storm drains. Flooding causes contaminants to spread even further. Flooding causes contaminants to spread even further. Physical and Chemical properties are also considerations how material behave in the rain. Physical and Chemical properties are also considerations how material behave in the rain. Wind will make the containment of gases and powders difficult. Wind will make the containment of gases and powders difficult. Heat will cause vapors to disperse more rapidly & spread over a much wider territory.Heat will cause vapors to disperse more rapidly & spread over a much wider territory. Rain is the biggest threat during liquid or powder leaks: Rain is the biggest threat during liquid or powder leaks: Act quickly to protect storm drains.Act quickly to protect storm drains. Flooding causes contaminants to spread even further. Flooding causes contaminants to spread even further. Physical and Chemical properties are also considerations how material behave in the rain. Physical and Chemical properties are also considerations how material behave in the rain. Wind will make the containment of gases and powders difficult. Wind will make the containment of gases and powders difficult. Heat will cause vapors to disperse more rapidly & spread over a much wider territory.Heat will cause vapors to disperse more rapidly & spread over a much wider territory. Problems Weather Complicates Containment

21 Containment is not as effective at protecting the environment as direct control measures: Containment is not as effective at protecting the environment as direct control measures: Responders must understand the risks in order to minimize the impact on the environment.Responders must understand the risks in order to minimize the impact on the environment. Containment is not as effective at protecting the environment as direct control measures: Containment is not as effective at protecting the environment as direct control measures: Responders must understand the risks in order to minimize the impact on the environment.Responders must understand the risks in order to minimize the impact on the environment. Environmental Damage Associated with Containment

22 Dams can contain large volumes. Dams can contain large volumes. Take advantage of natural barriers. Take advantage of natural barriers. Dams can be designed to separate the contaminant from flowing or standing water. Dams can be designed to separate the contaminant from flowing or standing water. Prevent further spread of the contaminant. Prevent further spread of the contaminant. Time consuming to build properly. Time consuming to build properly. Dams can contain large volumes. Dams can contain large volumes. Take advantage of natural barriers. Take advantage of natural barriers. Dams can be designed to separate the contaminant from flowing or standing water. Dams can be designed to separate the contaminant from flowing or standing water. Prevent further spread of the contaminant. Prevent further spread of the contaminant. Time consuming to build properly. Time consuming to build properly. Creating Dams for Containment

23 Simple Dams. Simple Dams. Complex Dams, Separation Dams. Complex Dams, Separation Dams. Overflow Dams. Overflow Dams. Underflow Dams. Underflow Dams. Simple Dams. Simple Dams. Complex Dams, Separation Dams. Complex Dams, Separation Dams. Overflow Dams. Overflow Dams. Underflow Dams. Underflow Dams. Types of Dams

24 Not an easy task. Not an easy task. Time consuming. Time consuming. Requires a lot of materials: Requires a lot of materials: Various equipment.Various equipment. Labor intensive. Labor intensive. Often requires heavy equipment. Often requires heavy equipment. Not an easy task. Not an easy task. Time consuming. Time consuming. Requires a lot of materials: Requires a lot of materials: Various equipment.Various equipment. Labor intensive. Labor intensive. Often requires heavy equipment. Often requires heavy equipment. Dam Construction

25 An effective method to contain a leak & prevent needless environmental damage: An effective method to contain a leak & prevent needless environmental damage: Amount of fluid.Amount of fluid. Rate of fluid leak.Rate of fluid leak. Chemical hazard.Chemical hazard. Suitability of diking material.Suitability of diking material. Availability of diking material.Availability of diking material. Personnel required for diking operations.Personnel required for diking operations. Availability of heavy equipment.Availability of heavy equipment. An effective method to contain a leak & prevent needless environmental damage: An effective method to contain a leak & prevent needless environmental damage: Amount of fluid.Amount of fluid. Rate of fluid leak.Rate of fluid leak. Chemical hazard.Chemical hazard. Suitability of diking material.Suitability of diking material. Availability of diking material.Availability of diking material. Personnel required for diking operations.Personnel required for diking operations. Availability of heavy equipment.Availability of heavy equipment. Diking as a Method of Contaminant

26 A variety of materials can be used: A variety of materials can be used: Dirt.Dirt. Sand.Sand. Sawdust.Sawdust. Absorbent materials:Absorbent materials: »Pads, Pigs, Booms, and Bulk absorbents. Polyurethane foams.Polyurethane foams. Concrete.Concrete. A variety of materials can be used: A variety of materials can be used: Dirt.Dirt. Sand.Sand. Sawdust.Sawdust. Absorbent materials:Absorbent materials: »Pads, Pigs, Booms, and Bulk absorbents. Polyurethane foams.Polyurethane foams. Concrete.Concrete. Diking Materials

27 Curbs and gutters vs. crown of the road. Curbs and gutters vs. crown of the road. Open fields, vacant lots, creek beds: Open fields, vacant lots, creek beds: Be Careful!Be Careful! Curbs and gutters vs. crown of the road. Curbs and gutters vs. crown of the road. Open fields, vacant lots, creek beds: Open fields, vacant lots, creek beds: Be Careful!Be Careful! Utilizing Surrounding Areas in Dike Construction

28 Divert to a separate area. Divert to a separate area. Utilized by First Responders. Utilized by First Responders. Large flat area downstream utilized. Large flat area downstream utilized. Divert to a separate area. Divert to a separate area. Utilized by First Responders. Utilized by First Responders. Large flat area downstream utilized. Large flat area downstream utilized. DivertingDiverting

29 Weirs. Weirs. Oil Control Booms. Oil Control Booms. Skimmers. Skimmers. Pneumatic Barriers. Pneumatic Barriers. Spill Herding. Spill Herding. Dredging. Dredging. Weirs. Weirs. Oil Control Booms. Oil Control Booms. Skimmers. Skimmers. Pneumatic Barriers. Pneumatic Barriers. Spill Herding. Spill Herding. Dredging. Dredging. Other Containment Measures Encapsulation. Encapsulation. Burning. Burning. Nets. Nets. Precipitation. Precipitation. Biodegradation. Biodegradation. Encapsulation. Encapsulation. Burning. Burning. Nets. Nets. Precipitation. Precipitation. Biodegradation. Biodegradation.

30 There are three types of drums: There are three types of drums: Metal, Plastic, and Cardboard.Metal, Plastic, and Cardboard. Construction is mandated by compatibility with the product they will contain. Construction is mandated by compatibility with the product they will contain. Emergency Responders must approach benign drums cautiously, looking for signs of failure. Emergency Responders must approach benign drums cautiously, looking for signs of failure. There are three types of drums: There are three types of drums: Metal, Plastic, and Cardboard.Metal, Plastic, and Cardboard. Construction is mandated by compatibility with the product they will contain. Construction is mandated by compatibility with the product they will contain. Emergency Responders must approach benign drums cautiously, looking for signs of failure. Emergency Responders must approach benign drums cautiously, looking for signs of failure. OFFENSIVE CONTROL OPTIONS

31 Bulging Drums: Bulging Drums: Exposure to heat?Exposure to heat? If bulging, but open, there is no need to fear an explosion.If bulging, but open, there is no need to fear an explosion. If the drum is closed, then the drum indicates tremendous pressure inside.If the drum is closed, then the drum indicates tremendous pressure inside. Tampering with the drum can be very dangerous.Tampering with the drum can be very dangerous. Drums coated with rust are indicators of possible container failure & must be handled as imminent failure is a possibility.Drums coated with rust are indicators of possible container failure & must be handled as imminent failure is a possibility. Bulging Drums: Bulging Drums: Exposure to heat?Exposure to heat? If bulging, but open, there is no need to fear an explosion.If bulging, but open, there is no need to fear an explosion. If the drum is closed, then the drum indicates tremendous pressure inside.If the drum is closed, then the drum indicates tremendous pressure inside. Tampering with the drum can be very dangerous.Tampering with the drum can be very dangerous. Drums coated with rust are indicators of possible container failure & must be handled as imminent failure is a possibility.Drums coated with rust are indicators of possible container failure & must be handled as imminent failure is a possibility. How to Handle Drum Emergencies

32 Leaking Drums: Leaking Drums: How much was released?How much was released? How much product remains in the leaking container?How much product remains in the leaking container? What direction is the product traveling?What direction is the product traveling? »Is Diking Necessary? Is this a current leak or an old leak?Is this a current leak or an old leak? What is the condition of plant life around the leaking container?What is the condition of plant life around the leaking container? Leaking Drums: Leaking Drums: How much was released?How much was released? How much product remains in the leaking container?How much product remains in the leaking container? What direction is the product traveling?What direction is the product traveling? »Is Diking Necessary? Is this a current leak or an old leak?Is this a current leak or an old leak? What is the condition of plant life around the leaking container?What is the condition of plant life around the leaking container? How to Handle Drum Emergencies

33 Leaking Drum(s) Handling: Leaking Drum(s) Handling: The scene must be evaluated for potential hazard prior to taking any action.The scene must be evaluated for potential hazard prior to taking any action. Appropriate safety precautions and PPE must be used to safeguard response personnel.Appropriate safety precautions and PPE must be used to safeguard response personnel. The drum should be visually inspected for signs of damage that would impact how the leak is controlled.The drum should be visually inspected for signs of damage that would impact how the leak is controlled. What is the risk of sudden movement of the container?What is the risk of sudden movement of the container? Use the Buddy System.Use the Buddy System. Repositioning the container.Repositioning the container. Leaking Drum(s) Handling: Leaking Drum(s) Handling: The scene must be evaluated for potential hazard prior to taking any action.The scene must be evaluated for potential hazard prior to taking any action. Appropriate safety precautions and PPE must be used to safeguard response personnel.Appropriate safety precautions and PPE must be used to safeguard response personnel. The drum should be visually inspected for signs of damage that would impact how the leak is controlled.The drum should be visually inspected for signs of damage that would impact how the leak is controlled. What is the risk of sudden movement of the container?What is the risk of sudden movement of the container? Use the Buddy System.Use the Buddy System. Repositioning the container.Repositioning the container. How to Handle Drum Emergencies

34 Overpacking: Overpacking: Involves placing the damaged drum inside a larger container.Involves placing the damaged drum inside a larger container. Containers are very heavy.Containers are very heavy. Prepare the scene for operations, ensure proper equipment and resources are available.Prepare the scene for operations, ensure proper equipment and resources are available. Use the Buddy System.Use the Buddy System. Overpacking: Overpacking: Involves placing the damaged drum inside a larger container.Involves placing the damaged drum inside a larger container. Containers are very heavy.Containers are very heavy. Prepare the scene for operations, ensure proper equipment and resources are available.Prepare the scene for operations, ensure proper equipment and resources are available. Use the Buddy System.Use the Buddy System. How to Handle Drum Emergencies

35 Overpacking, Continued: Overpacking, Continued: Utilization of a forklift or drum lifting device, mechanical placement of the damaged drum.Utilization of a forklift or drum lifting device, mechanical placement of the damaged drum. Overpack drum may be turned upside down & placed over the target drum. Then turned upright with the target drum inside.Overpack drum may be turned upside down & placed over the target drum. Then turned upright with the target drum inside. Both drums turned on their sides. Drums are angled towards each other, then rolled to slide the target drum into the overpack drum. The overpack drum is then lifted upright.Both drums turned on their sides. Drums are angled towards each other, then rolled to slide the target drum into the overpack drum. The overpack drum is then lifted upright. Overpacking, Continued: Overpacking, Continued: Utilization of a forklift or drum lifting device, mechanical placement of the damaged drum.Utilization of a forklift or drum lifting device, mechanical placement of the damaged drum. Overpack drum may be turned upside down & placed over the target drum. Then turned upright with the target drum inside.Overpack drum may be turned upside down & placed over the target drum. Then turned upright with the target drum inside. Both drums turned on their sides. Drums are angled towards each other, then rolled to slide the target drum into the overpack drum. The overpack drum is then lifted upright.Both drums turned on their sides. Drums are angled towards each other, then rolled to slide the target drum into the overpack drum. The overpack drum is then lifted upright. How to Handle Drum Emergencies

36 Presents additional complications. Presents additional complications. First, careful sampling must be accomplished: First, careful sampling must be accomplished: NEVER TAKE SOMEONES WORD FOR IT!NEVER TAKE SOMEONES WORD FOR IT! Correct handling will assist with proper IDHA.Correct handling will assist with proper IDHA. Second, Its often necessary to determine who has jurisdiction and authority: Second, Its often necessary to determine who has jurisdiction and authority: Who will absorb the cost?Who will absorb the cost? Presents additional complications. Presents additional complications. First, careful sampling must be accomplished: First, careful sampling must be accomplished: NEVER TAKE SOMEONES WORD FOR IT!NEVER TAKE SOMEONES WORD FOR IT! Correct handling will assist with proper IDHA.Correct handling will assist with proper IDHA. Second, Its often necessary to determine who has jurisdiction and authority: Second, Its often necessary to determine who has jurisdiction and authority: Who will absorb the cost?Who will absorb the cost? Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

37 Sampling Liquids in Drums, Specific Guidelines: Sampling Liquids in Drums, Specific Guidelines: Proper PPE used.Proper PPE used. Proper sampling containers, labeled, additional samples preserved for litigation.Proper sampling containers, labeled, additional samples preserved for litigation. Avoid contamination of the samples.Avoid contamination of the samples. Maintain a log.Maintain a log. Sample jars place in heavy Zip Lock bags and bagged a second time.Sample jars place in heavy Zip Lock bags and bagged a second time. If used in court, photos or video should be used to document the scene.If used in court, photos or video should be used to document the scene. Sampling Liquids in Drums, Specific Guidelines: Sampling Liquids in Drums, Specific Guidelines: Proper PPE used.Proper PPE used. Proper sampling containers, labeled, additional samples preserved for litigation.Proper sampling containers, labeled, additional samples preserved for litigation. Avoid contamination of the samples.Avoid contamination of the samples. Maintain a log.Maintain a log. Sample jars place in heavy Zip Lock bags and bagged a second time.Sample jars place in heavy Zip Lock bags and bagged a second time. If used in court, photos or video should be used to document the scene.If used in court, photos or video should be used to document the scene. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

38 Testing With pH Paper: Testing With pH Paper: Used to test corrosivity.Used to test corrosivity. Wear appropriate PPE.Wear appropriate PPE. Use forceps to test material.Use forceps to test material. Color changes indicate pH.Color changes indicate pH. Testing With pH Paper: Testing With pH Paper: Used to test corrosivity.Used to test corrosivity. Wear appropriate PPE.Wear appropriate PPE. Use forceps to test material.Use forceps to test material. Color changes indicate pH.Color changes indicate pH. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

39 Bonding and Grounding: Bonding and Grounding: Static electricity is an accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.Static electricity is an accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body. The greater the potential difference, the greater the chance a spark will cause ignition.The greater the potential difference, the greater the chance a spark will cause ignition. Causes of static electricity:Causes of static electricity: »Motion and Induction. Bonding and grounding are methods to prevent or remove surface charges.Bonding and grounding are methods to prevent or remove surface charges. Bonding and Grounding: Bonding and Grounding: Static electricity is an accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.Static electricity is an accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body. The greater the potential difference, the greater the chance a spark will cause ignition.The greater the potential difference, the greater the chance a spark will cause ignition. Causes of static electricity:Causes of static electricity: »Motion and Induction. Bonding and grounding are methods to prevent or remove surface charges.Bonding and grounding are methods to prevent or remove surface charges

40 Use of Absorbent Materials: Use of Absorbent Materials: Pads.Pads. Socks.Socks. Pillows.Pillows. Bulk applications.Bulk applications. Specialty Products.Specialty Products. Use of Absorbent Materials: Use of Absorbent Materials: Pads.Pads. Socks.Socks. Pillows.Pillows. Bulk applications.Bulk applications. Specialty Products.Specialty Products. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

41 Disadvantages of Absorbent Materials: Disadvantages of Absorbent Materials: Choppy or agitated waters will effect the efficiency.Choppy or agitated waters will effect the efficiency. Heavy oils not efficiently absorbed.Heavy oils not efficiently absorbed. May require floatation devices.May require floatation devices. Care for removal.Care for removal. Diatomaceous earth and certain silica gels may require disposal in Class I dump.Diatomaceous earth and certain silica gels may require disposal in Class I dump. Disadvantages of Absorbent Materials: Disadvantages of Absorbent Materials: Choppy or agitated waters will effect the efficiency.Choppy or agitated waters will effect the efficiency. Heavy oils not efficiently absorbed.Heavy oils not efficiently absorbed. May require floatation devices.May require floatation devices. Care for removal.Care for removal. Diatomaceous earth and certain silica gels may require disposal in Class I dump.Diatomaceous earth and certain silica gels may require disposal in Class I dump. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

42 Plugging, Patching, and Catching: Plugging, Patching, and Catching: Plugging and patching are done to stop a leak.Plugging and patching are done to stop a leak. Helps the incident from escalating.Helps the incident from escalating. Plugging and patching are not always an option.Plugging and patching are not always an option. Plugging, Patching, and Catching: Plugging, Patching, and Catching: Plugging and patching are done to stop a leak.Plugging and patching are done to stop a leak. Helps the incident from escalating.Helps the incident from escalating. Plugging and patching are not always an option.Plugging and patching are not always an option. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

43 Plugging: Plugging: Friction.Friction. Expansion.Expansion. Compression.Compression. Plugging: Plugging: Friction.Friction. Expansion.Expansion. Compression.Compression. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

44 Patching: Patching: Epoxies.Epoxies. Rubber compounds.Rubber compounds. Foams.Foams. Fiberglass mastics.Fiberglass mastics. Commercial substances.Commercial substances. Patching: Patching: Epoxies.Epoxies. Rubber compounds.Rubber compounds. Foams.Foams. Fiberglass mastics.Fiberglass mastics. Commercial substances.Commercial substances. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

45 Catching: Catching: Means to capture or containing the leaking product.Means to capture or containing the leaking product. Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose.Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose. Catching: Catching: Means to capture or containing the leaking product.Means to capture or containing the leaking product. Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose.Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

46 Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Limited by:Limited by: »Budget. »Space available. »Imagination of the response team. Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose. Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Limited by:Limited by: »Budget. »Space available. »Imagination of the response team. Catching containers should be specifically designed and purchased for that purpose. Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled

47 Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Variety of Tools:Variety of Tools: »Screwdrivers »Hammers »Pliers »Socket sets »Wrenches »Cutting tools »Punches »Chisels Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Plugging, Patching, and Catching Equipment: Variety of Tools:Variety of Tools: »Screwdrivers »Hammers »Pliers »Socket sets »Wrenches »Cutting tools »Punches »Chisels Dealing with Abandoned Drums or Drums Incorrectly Labeled »Prying tools »Wedges »Self-tapping screws »Boiler plugs »Pipe plugs »Caps »Pipe clamps »Bandages »Neoprene »Prying tools »Wedges »Self-tapping screws »Boiler plugs »Pipe plugs »Caps »Pipe clamps »Bandages »Neoprene »Tubeless repair kits »Pop rivet tools »Tubeless repair kits »Pop rivet tools Make your own Pre-Made Specialty Kits

48 Hazardous Materials Release Offensive & Defensive Options SUMMARY Spills/Releases. Spills/Releases. Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment. NFPA Definitions. NFPA Definitions. Defensive Control Options. Defensive Control Options. Offensive Control Options. Offensive Control Options.

49 Hazardous Materials Release Offensive & Defensive Options SUMMARY Use The BUDDY SYSTEM Use The BUDDY SYSTEM

50 QuestionsQuestions ? 1. question(s) to 2. Your question(s) will be answered asap.

51 EXAM TIME Hazardous Materials Release Offensive & Defensive Options


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