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ST-EP Programme Presentation by ……… SNV Tourism Advisor UNWTO ST-EP Representative.

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Presentation on theme: "ST-EP Programme Presentation by ……… SNV Tourism Advisor UNWTO ST-EP Representative."— Presentation transcript:

1 ST-EP Programme Presentation by ……… SNV Tourism Advisor UNWTO ST-EP Representative

2 International Tourist Arrivals, Current situation and forecasts UNWTO Tourism 2020 Vision

3 Tourism and its potential for poverty alleviation: 3 main considerations 1.Tourism is one of the most dynamic economic sectors in many developing countries 2. Tourist movements towards developing and least developed countries are growing faster than in the developed world 2. Tourist movements towards developing and least developed countries are growing faster than in the developed world 3. Tourism in many developing and least developed countries is one of the principal or the main source of foreign exchange earnings 3. Tourism in many developing and least developed countries is one of the principal or the main source of foreign exchange earnings INTERNATIONAL TOURISM INCOME (in billion USD) Growth rate World % High Income Countries % Developing Countries %

4 1.2 billion people live on less than $1 a day 2.5 billion live on less than $2 a day UNWTO is committed to achieving the MDG’s ST-EP Programme was launched at the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002

5 Launching and development of the ST-EP Programme and the Foundation Launching ST-EP Programme during the WSSD 2002 in Johannesburg Launching ST-EP Programme during the WSSD 2002 in Johannesburg Rep. of Korea offers initial amount of $ 5 million and to host Foundation in Seoul + additional contribution $ 1.5 million Rep. of Korea offers initial amount of $ 5 million and to host Foundation in Seoul + additional contribution $ 1.5 million € 2.5 million contribution from SNV (+ in kind advisory services) to ST-EP Programme, € 1.5 million from Italy, US$ 200,000 from Macau, € 100,000 from Flemish Government, Technical Advisor from French Government € 2.5 million contribution from SNV (+ in kind advisory services) to ST-EP Programme, € 1.5 million from Italy, US$ 200,000 from Macau, € 100,000 from Flemish Government, Technical Advisor from French Government

6 ST-EP Activities: Capacity building and Seminars 1.18 Seminars: over 1500 officials trained in 60 countries 2.4 publications produced: – 2002:Tourism and Poverty Alleviation – 2004:Tourism and Poverty Alleviation – Recommendations for Action – 2005: Tourism, Microfinance and Poverty Alleviation – 2006: Compilation of Good Practices in Poverty Alleviation through Tourism

7 Seven mechanisms to address poverty through tourism: 1.Employment of the poor in tourism enterprises 2.Supply of goods and services to tourism enterprises by the poor or by enterprises employing the poor 3.Direct sales of goods and services to visitors by the poor (informal economy) 4.Establishment and running of tourism-related enterprises by the poor - e.g. micro, small and medium sized enterprises (MSMEs), or community based enterprises (formal economy) 5.Tax or levy on tourism income or profits with proceeds benefiting the poor 6.Voluntary giving/support by tourism enterprises and tourists 7.Investment in infrastructure stimulated by tourism also benefiting the poor in the locality, directly or through support to other sectors

8 ST-EP Missions and Projects Identification missions fielded to 27 countries (> 150 pilot projects identified) Identification missions fielded to 27 countries (> 150 pilot projects identified) 74 Projects approved for implementation in: Albania, Bhutan, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Colombia, China, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Kenya, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nepal, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Vietnam, Zambia, Southern Africa and West Africa 74 Projects approved for implementation in: Albania, Bhutan, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Colombia, China, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Kenya, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nepal, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Vietnam, Zambia, Southern Africa and West Africa > 25 organizations (governments, development agencies, private sector) have made financial and technical contributions to ST-EP projects > 25 organizations (governments, development agencies, private sector) have made financial and technical contributions to ST-EP projects

9 ST-EP Projects: Always addressing the seven mechanisms Local Level: Training of guides and local hotel employees, facilitating the involvement of local people in tourism development District Level: Establishing business linkages between producers and tourism enterprises National Level: Providing business services to SME and CBTs Regional Level: Joint marketing of CBT activities

10 Solidification of Partnerships 1. SNV, the ST-EP Foundation and UNWTO signed a MoU for the period aiming to sustainably pull 20,000 – 25,000 people out of poverty and to create benefits for another 900,000 individuals 3. Important project components: strategy development, impact measurement and cooperation with private sector 2. A 16 ST-EP Project Package has been jointly developed and its being implemented with funds made available by the 3 parties ST-EP Foundation: US$ 1,500,000 cash SNV: €900, cash + 4,614 advisory days UNWTO: € 621,361 cash + 1,800 advisory days 4. Other organizations are encouraged to join the partnership and add resources to increase the impact

11 ST-EP Projects: Some examples ECUADOR Tourism Micro-Enterprises (MET’s), Micro-Credit and Poverty Reduction Fostering enterprise development and strengthening tourism micro- enterprises, especially those run by women and young people ACTIVITIES Professional trainings on tourism management, business plans and quality Marketing, promotion and commercialisation Enabling micro-enterprises to access micro-credits by providing financial institutions with adequate information on their specific needs EXPECTED IMPACT 98 MET’s offering quality services and counting with business plan 25 local entrepreneurs trained to be the trainers and applying NETCOM 720 families will directly benefit through the creation of jobs (mechanisms 1-4)

12 ST-EP Projects: Some examples Higher visitor spending and benefits to rural communities through the Tanzania Cultural Tourism Programme ACTIVITIES Strengthen institutional support structure for Cultural Tourism Guideline formulation and quality control Training for business planning, and product improvement and diversification Identification and development of new cultural tourism enterprises Active marketing and promotion EXPECTED IMPACT 10 new cultural tourism enterprises to be developed 20% annual growth in number of tourists visiting CT enterprises (30,000 -> 50,000) Additional 250 households directly (mechanisms 1-4) benefiting from the Cultural Tourism and 750 households indirectly (mechanisms 5-7) benefiting from it. TANZANIA: Cultural Tourism Enhancement & Diversification Project

13 Challenges and Guiding Principles for ST-EP Programme youth and women Tourism is a labour intensive sector creating many opportunities for youth and women SME’s Tourism is a sector where entry barriers for SME’s can be quite low, and that can contribute to development in poor areas. communities Tourism can also have non material benefits like making communities proud of their local culture, and appreciate their natural environment promoting local supply chains Spreading tourist expenditures and reducing leakages by promoting local supply chains Improving capacities of NTA’s Improving capacities of NTA’s in developing countries to develop and apply policies and plans focusing on poverty reduction

14 Thank you


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