Presentation on theme: "2011 Association of Chinese School 美东中文学校年会 Bridging Chinese Languages Programs among K-12 Schools, Heritage Schools and the Universities 中文学校和大学的合作：师资培训和教材编写."— Presentation transcript:
2011 Association of Chinese School 美东中文学校年会 Bridging Chinese Languages Programs among K-12 Schools, Heritage Schools and the Universities 中文学校和大学的合作：师资培训和教材编写 Grace Wu Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Pennsylvania
Heritage Schools: 1. The Bridging Chinese Languages Programs among K-12 Schools, Heritage Schools and the Universities needs for the experienced teachers for two tracks a. (Chinese as a Foreign Language 外语 )v.s. (Chinese as a Heritage Language) 继承语 b. How the formal education system operate? 2. The needs of the well-designed curriculum for different age groups, different family background, and motivation…etc) 3. Bilingualism v.s. biculturalism
Universities resources from federal government for teacher training, communities services Heritage Schools rich culture resources native speakers environment K-12 School * main stream American culture Rich local resources
师资培训 1 。 Penn Chinese School Teacher Workshop 2008 ， 2009 and 2010 2. Penn High School Chinese-Academy Teaching Development Grant (July 5-9, 2011) www.ceas..sas.upenn.edu 3.Finding teaching job at Universities / Requirement
9:00-9:50 STARTALK Case Report 加州星谈项目报告 (David Wu) Essence of the Chinese Language 中文之美 (Chih-Jen Li) 10:00-10:50 How to Teach Chinese Grammar 如何教中文语法 (Mien-Hwa Chiang) Life Along the Silk Routes 丝路之旅 (Jiajia Wang) 11:00-11:50 What is Intermediate Advanced-Level Chinese: Student Projects Showcase 何谓中高级汉语：宾大学生作品实例 (Grace Wu) How to Learn Chinese: From Learners’ and Parents’ Perspectives 如何学好中文 (Jonathan Smith) 12:00-1:00 LunchHouston Hall Room 230—Class of ‘49 小组讨论 Williams 215 Cohen 402Williams 201 (Enlgish Session) 1:00-1:50 Administration and Curriculum Design 中文学校之行政与课程安 排 (David Wu/ Grace Wu) Teachers and Teaching Methods 中文学校之教师与教学方 法 (Chiang/ Li) Learners and Learning Goals 中文学校之学习者与学习目 标 (Wang/Smith/Gee)
Language Lecturer in Chinese posted 4.26.11 The Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Pennsylvania announces the availability of two positions as full-time Lecturer in the Chinese Language Program for the academic year 2011-12. The appointment will be for one year with an expectation that it will be renewed annually for up to an additional two years based on satisfactory performance. Applicants for the position should possess at least a Master’s degree in Applied Linguistics or East Asian Studies with a primary focus on language and pedagogy. They should have native or near-native competency in Mandarin and fluency in English. Preference will be given to candidates who have experience in teaching Chinese language at all levels. Duties include teaching language classes (3 courses per semester), attending meetings of the Chinese language program, and working with the Coordinator of the language program and China faculty on materials development Candidates are to apply at: facultysearches.provost.upenn.edu/applicants/Central?quickFind=50917 Include a cover letter, CV and statement of teaching philosophy. Also submit the names and contact information of two individuals who have agreed to provide a letter of recommendation. The review of applications will begin immediately and the process will continue until the position is filled. The University of Pennsylvania is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Women and minorities are encouraged to applyfacultysearches.provost.upenn.edu/applicants/Central?quickFind=50917
The Problems 难题 * The toughest challenge to learn Mandarin Chinese – Reading/Writing. * The shortage of Chinese reading materials published in the United States. * The reading materials published in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore contain primarily fairy tales, fable, historical stories or stories about the origins of Chinese idioms.
The Problems 难题（2） * In the United States, students typically learn colloquial Mandarin ( 口语 ) and are rarely exposed to more formal written languages ( 书面语 ).
1. Chinese character accompanied with pinyin Displaying Chinese characters and pinyin together decreases student anxiety and allows the student to overcome this challenge In the past, Chinese characters with pinyin equivalents at the character level (for example, 汽车 is paired to qì chē). 汽车 is paired to qìchē Since pinyin is provided together with Chinese characters, there is only minimal disruption to the experience of continuous reading.
解決方法 Solution （ 3 ） Chinese characters accompanied by Pinyin 她 说话 的 声音 Tā shuōhuà de shēngyīn By using a recently developed software, this series match Chinese characters with pinyin at the word level Not at the character level.
2. Usage of simple and easy to understand Mandarin with content suitable for American high school and college students Lang Lang and Yao Ming, the subjects of the first two biographies in this series, are two well-known figures in American society. Students will be able to compare American and Chinese cultures through reading their life stories, and may also empathize with Lang Lang and Yao Ming regarding the challenges of being a young person in America.
3. Online Resources Free companion website www.chinesebiographies.com This series includes both printed and online components for two reasons: 1. to flexibly meet the different needs of diverse readers 2. keep the printed materials slim and affordable, reducing the burden on students buying class materials AudioDownloadsAudioDownloads/ComprehensionExercises/ComprehensionExercises Crossword PuzzleCrossword Puzzle/English Translation/ GrammarEnglish TranslationGrammar NotesNotes/Sentence Pattern Exercises/Vocabulary ListSentence Pattern ExercisesVocabulary List
解決方法 Solution （ 5 ） 阅读不中断 / 享受阅读的乐趣 The students can be immersed in the reading experience and follow the plot of the story with minimal interruption. 阅读前讨论题 / 阅读后讨论题 Pre-reading questions designed--to facilitate brainstorming and discussion. post-reading questions are intended to delve deeper into cultural discussions
Samples of Reading Comprehension Questions One of the reasons musicians are successful is their ability to engage their audience. Have you ever been touched by such a performance? (pre-reading question) What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of being a world-renowned artist? Would you enjoy that type of lifestyle? Why or why not? (pre-reading question) “Hardship makes a person grow up.” How do you interpret this Chinese proverb? When Lang Lang first came to America, what challenges did he face? (after reading question) 在美国长大的青少年，善于表达自己的见解和判断。我们不可因 为学生的语言水平不足而低估了他们思辨能力