2 Lab Safety Safety Tools Reason/Rule Goggles Always wear goggles to protect eyesGlovesAlways wear gloves to protect handsApronAlways wear apron to protect clothing /bodySinkAlways wash hands after labs to protect skin and others you have contact with
3 Lab Safety Safety Rules Goggles Wear when working with chemicals and using heatGlasswareNever use chipped or broken equipmentNever clean up broken glass – get teacherWhen using chemicals:Tie back long hairAlways wear gogglesRun sink when pouring chemicals into sinWaftingWaving your hand over a container away from faceUsing heat…Tie hair backSecure long sleevesWear gogglesSecure the cordsUse gloves, tongs, tweezersUnplug all when finishedNever leave burner unattendedNEVER TASTE OR EAT A SUBSTANCE WITHOUT TEACHER PERMISSION!!!
4 Lab Safety Challenge: Sponge Bob Glued worksheet of lab safety practice.
5 Lab Equipment Practicum Practicum rotation lesson for students to collect information about science tools and how they work.
6 Lab Measurement Lab lesson conducted by students to practice using: Balance scaleRulersThermometers
7 Scientific Method Form Title of InvestigationProblem:What do you want to learn?HypothesisPredict the answer to your problem?MaterialsMake a list of materials you are going to use in the investigation.ProcedureDesign a test to confirm or disprove your hypothesis.DataWhat happened? Record what happened.ConclusionWas your hypothesis confirmed or disproved?
8 Lab Report Expectations Lab Investigation Title Problem: The problem in this class will always be written in the form of a question. Hypothesis: The experiment you conduct will test this hypothesis. On this project, the hypothesis should be written as an If…then…, statement using your past experiences and knowledge. (If……. Happens, then…..will be the result.) Materials: Be specific about the sizes, numbers, and types of materials you are using. If you use it, it must be included. If you use it, you must list it. List your materials in columns. No numbering. Procedure: The procedure should be clearly written in the exact order you will follow to test your hypothesis. List each step separately and number each step. Do not use the words “you” or “I in your steps. Data: Data should be recorded in an easy-to-read format such as tables, charts, graphs. Date should NOT be written in paragraph form. A title and labels are required. Conclusion: Your conclusion may be quite different from the hypothesis you wrote. This is OK! Your hypothesis MUST include all four parts: Tell whether the hypothesis you made was confirmed or disproved Restate the hypothesis Summarize the procedure you used and discuss any problems you encountered Present the data that confirmed or disproved you hypothesis
9 Lab and Report Sample (done in class) Ramp RollProblemWhich ramp lets the ball reach the end first?HypothesisIf a ball rolls faster from a higher ramp, then it will also make it to the end of a ramp before a ball rolled from a lower ramp.Materials1 ramp high1 ramp lower2 balls, exactly the same sizeProcedureSet up both ramps.Set both ramps at the same starting pointSet a ball at the top of each rampLet get of both balls, simultaneouslyObserve which ball reached the end of their ramp firstRepeat trial three timesRecord data
10 Con’t Lab and Report Sample (done in class) DataData of Who Makes it to the EndTrialsHigh RampLow Ramp#1YesNo#2#3ConclusionThe hypothesis confirmed. It stated that the ball would reach the end of the higher ramp first. A test was conducted by letting two identical balls roll to the end of 2 identical balls roll to the end of 2 identical ramps at different heights. As a result, the higher ramp did have the ball reach the end of its ramp first.
11 Investigation Vocabulary The search for an answer to a question.PredictionEducated guess (hypothesis)DataInformation gathered during an experimentConclusionExplanation of an experiment or observationVariableThe part (factor) of an experiment that can change the resultsInferenceAn explanation based on what you already know or what you have seenDirect evidenceEvidence that comes from your measurements, tests, or observationsIndirect evidenceEvidence based on your inferenceProcedurePlanned set of stepsTrialRepeated test or observation
12 Lab: Airplane Title Flying Near of Far Problem Which paper airplane will fly further?HypothesisIf a sharp knife will cut better, then a sharp plane will cut through the air and fly further.MaterialTwo identically pieces of paperTapePencilSticky noteProcedureFold one paper into a paper airplane with a wide nose.Fold another paper into a paper airplane with a pointed nose.Tape the top of each plane, together so it stays folded.Label the wide nose with ALabel the pointed nose with BWrite you name on each planeChoose a starting line on the playground.Throw plane A from the starting line.Observe how far it flew.Throw plane B from the starting line.Record your results.Repeat steps 8 through 12, two more times.Create a data chart to record data.
13 Which Flew the Furthest? Con’t Lab: AirplaneDataWhich Flew the Furthest?TrialsPlane APlane B#1X#2#3X = went furtherConclusionMy hypothesis was confirmed. If a sharp knife cuts better, then a sharp plane will cut through the air better, and fly further. I made two planes, one with a wide nose, and one with a sharp nose. Then I threw them from the same start line to see how far they went. The results of my trials showed that plane B, the narrow plane flew further.
14 Test PrepThe importance of writing the procedure steps in an investigation is so others can redo the investigation exactly like the original.Every investigation needs a variable.A variable must not change during any of the investigations.Only one variable may be in an investigation, at a time.
15 Matter Vocabulary Matter Stuff that everything is made of… Mass The amount of matter in an objectPropertiesAppearances of an object:MagnetismPhysical state (solid, liquid, gas)Relative densitySolubilityThe ability to insulate, OR conduct electricity, OR heatThe property of attraction to a magnetPhysical stateThe property of being a solid, a liquid, or a gasObjects that are more dense – sink in waterObjects that are less dense – float in waterMeasurement of the ability to dissolve in a liquidThermal energyEnergy that causes a change in temperature between materialsElectric energyEnergy produced by movement of electronsConductorMaterials that allow electric current or heat energy to flow through easilyInsulatorMaterial that slows down or stops electric current or heat from flowing
16 Con’t Matter Vocabulary ClassifyGroup together based on similar traitsPhysical propertiesColorShapesSizeDensity (float/space)HardnessSolubility/dissolveMass/weightMagnetismTexturePhysical state: solid, liquid, gas
17 States of Matter: foldable as a class lesson SolidLiquidGasPicture drawn of a solid with circles tightly packed together in a square.Picture drawn of a liquid with circles loosely packed in a vase shape.Picture drawn of a gas with circles very loosely help inside a balloon with lots of room to move.Definition: It has a definite shape and a definite volume. In a solid, the particles are packed together tightly and each particle stays in the same place and vibrates.Definitions: It has a definite volume, but not a definite shape. It takes the shape of its container. These particles are not packed as tightly together as a solid, and they move freely.Definition: It has no definite shape or volume. It also takes up space in a container. These particles are packed together the least (loosely) and more free to move around quickly.DeskStarboardPersonCarpetToothpasteDr. PepperLemonadeChannel 5ShampooAirCarbon monoxideHeliumOxygenNitric oxide
18 How Temperature Changes Matter Boiling Point of Water = 100 degrees CelsiusGlued picture of thermometer colored by student, to 100 degrees CelsiusFreezing Point of Water = 0 degrees CelsiusGlued picture of a thermometer colored by student, to 0 degrees Celsius*water changes from liquid to a solid when the temperature falls to 0 degrees CelsiusMelting Point of Water = 0 degrees Celsius*ice cubes change from a solid to a liquid when the temperature rises to 0 degrees Celsius
19 Matter can change states by adding or taking away, heat. Changes in MatterEvaporationParticles escaping from a nonboiling liquid and become a gas.CondensationChanges to a gas to a liquid (opposite of evaporation)Matter can change states by adding or taking away, heat.A solid+ Heat (energy)= liquidEx. Melting ice creamA liquid- Heat (energy)= solidEx. Freezing in freezerA gasEx. Condensation on a glass of lemonade+Heat (energy)= gasEx. Evaporation above boiling water
20 Solid, Liquid, Gas Investigation Can you blow up a balloon with ice?ProblemWill melting ice blow up a balloon?HypothesisIf ice changes into a liquid and a liquid changes into a gas, then I think the gas could blow up a balloon.Materials1 balloon1 hot plate1 flask10 ice cubesOven gloveProcedureHeat the hot plate on highPut 10 ice cubes into the flaskPut balloon over the mouth of the flaskSet flask with ice and balloons on hot plateObserve and see if the melting ice will blow up the balloonRepeat investigation three timesRecord all observations
21 Con’t Solid, Liquid, Gas Investigation DataWill the balloon blow up with ice?TrialBlow UpNot Blow Up1X23X = blow upConclusionMy hypothesis was confirmed. I hypothesized that if ice changes into a liquid, and a liquid changes into a gas, then I think this gas could blow up a balloon. I investigated by heating ice in a flask covered by a balloon. The results of my trials showed that the gas from the ice filled the balloon.
22 Volume/Density/Mass/Weight The amount of matter in an objectWeightThe amount of matter in an object and the pull of gravity on that objectVolumeThe amount of space that an object takes upTo find volume1-liquidMeasure with a graduated cylinder2-solida. Length x width x heightPicture drawn of cube with length, width and height labeled = l x w x hb. Water displacementPicture drawn of two graduated cylinder filled with water and show the displacement of the water with a rock in side. Calculate.DensityThe concentration of matter in an objectMass divide by VolumePicture drawn of two graduated cylinders and illustrate the displacement difference of Coke and Diet Coke
23 Lab: Sink or Float Sink or Float Problem Will a Styrofoam ball float in water?HypothesisIf a Styrofoam ball feels light, then it should float.Material600mL of water1 measuring cup1 Styrofoam ballProcedure1. Fill measuring cup with 600 mL of water2. Place Styrofoam ball in water3. Observe and record dataDataTrialSinkFloat1X234X = yes
24 Con’t Lab: Sink or Float ConclusionMy hypothesis was confirmed. I hypothesized that if a Styrofoam ball feels light, then it should float in water. I investigated by putting the ball in the water to see if it floats. The results of my trials showed that the Styrofoam ball floats in water.
26 Mixtures/Solutions mixture A combination of two or more different kinds of matter, each of which keeps its own physical properties and can easily be separated.Trail mix, saladsolutionA type of mixture in which particles of the two substances are evenly mixed, and cannot be easily separated.Lemonade, ocean water, Kool-Aid drop inSoluteThe substance being dissolvedKool-Aid crystalsSolventThe substance doing the dissolvingPicture drawn of a glass with a solvent and a solute illustrated.
27 Matter Test Study Guide Glued in Matter Study guide.
28 Forms of Energy energy The ability to move and cause changes in matter Potential energyStored energy – the energy of an object has because of where it is or its condition.Picture drawn of an arrow and bow = arrow in the bow, pulled back into position but NOT released.Kinetic energyThe energy of motion.Picture drawn of bow and arrow in release of arrow.Mechanical energyThe energy of moving objectsThermal energyHeat energyElectrical energyThe movement of electronsLight energy(Sun) energy that moved in waves to your eyesSound energyEnergy that moves as vibrations into your earsTypes of Potential EnergyElastic – energy stored in compressed strings (rubber band)Gravitational – energy in stored items prior to gravitational pull (apples in a tree)Chemical – energy stored in foods for your body, before you eatTransformation of EnergyWhen energy is changed from one form to anotherPicture drawn of a lamp that transform electrical energy to light energy to heat energy
29 Lab: Kinetic EnergyGlued in lab data collection sheet.
30 Electric Energy Electric circuit The pathway through which electric current flows (electric current = electrons)Picture of a closed circuit. Labeled.ElectromagnetismMagnetism created by an electric current; MRI or electric motorConductorMaterial that allows electric current to flow through easily; most metals, water, peopleInsulatorMaterial that stops electric current from flowing; rubber, siliconFlowTo move or travel smooth in a certain directionElectric currentThe flow of electricity around a circuitLight energyThe light that our eyes can seeHeat energyEnergy that causes a change in temperature between materialsSound energyEnergy produced from vibration that you can hearComplete circuitClosed circuitPicture drawn of closed circuitsIncomplete circuitOpen circuitPicture drawn of open circuits (one with a broken filament)
31 Electric Energy Current The flow of electricity Path The conductor that the electrons travel onSwitchDevice that opens and closes a circuitMagnetismA force that creates attraction between unlike polesConductorsInsulatorsMetalsRubberWaterPlasticAluminumGlassMagnetAirWoodClosed circuitOpen circuitCompleteIncompletePicture of a sample
32 Light 5.6CReflectionEnergy waves bouncing off the surface of an object (like a mirror)RefractionEnergy waves that bend (change direction and speed) as they pass from one type of object to another.Draw pic.LensA clear piece of curved glass or plastic that bands passing light to focus or spread light raysMirrorAny object that has a reflective surface (shiny and smooth metal, glass, water)LaserA device that gives off a very strong and directed beam of lightIlluminateLight upLight spectrumThe small part of the electromagnetic spectrum that the human eye can see; violet, blue, cyan, green, yellow, orange and redMagnifyIncrease in size, power or importanceKaleidoscopeA tube that contains three mirrors that reflect many different designs of light passing through a colored disk on topTelescopeAn instrument that uses mirrors and/or lenses to gather and focus light from objects far away
33 Properties of Light Light Travels in a straight line Travels faster than soundIs reflected into our eyes so we can seeShadowsFormed when light is blockedTransparentAllows light waves to be transmitted without scattering the waves (see through)TranslucentAllows light waves to be transmitted partially, scatters the wavesOpaqueDOES NOT allow light waves to transmit throughLensConvex lens – refracts light to focus and make images seem biggerHand lensesMagnifyingGlassesDraw pic.
34 Light LabGlued in lab sheet from various stations.
35 5.7C Alternative Energy Alternative energy resource Alternative = OtherEnergy generated by natural processes that renew.Energy made by natural ways that replaces itself.Wind energyEnergy from moving air that turns the blades of a turbine to generate electricitySolar energyEnergy that comes from the SunBiofuelFuel made from plants, animal waste, and decomposing plant and animal tissueGeothermal energyEnergy that comes from the natural heat inside the EarthHydroelectricityElectricity made from the energy of moving or falling waterRenewable resourcesMaterials from the Earth that can be replaced by nature within a relatively short period of timeTrees, plants, air, waterNonrenewable resourcesMaterials from the Earth that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of timeOil, coal, natural gasFossil fuelsA flammable material made from the waste and remains of plants and animals in the Earth’s crust that is used to produce heat and power.
36 5.7C Alternative Energy Pollution Materials introduced into an environment that cause damage, discomfort, or instabilityEnergy efficientTechnology or practices that reduce energy useRenewable resources(groups make lists to share)Nonrenewable resourcesEnergy Sources data collection lab sheet. Glued into NB.
37 5.6D Force, Motion, Energy Force The push or pull that causes an object to move, stop or change directionsMovementA change in position or locationShapeThe outline or form of an objectPositionWhere an object is located in spaceDirectionThe line or course along which something is movingGravityThe force that pulls objects to the center of the EarthFrictionA force that slows or stops motion when objects rub togetherInertiaThe property of an object that resists movement by forceMagnetic forceThe area around a magnet that attracts iron or other materials
38 5.6D Force and MotionForce is needed to make objects move = kick(force)…ball movesMore force is needed to move objects w/more massFriction is a force that works against motion to slow or stop an objectLab: Which sphere will move the dragon the furthest?Do lab and post data here.Write conclusion in full form.
39 5.6D Force LabsDoes the distance an object rolls down a ramp effect its force?Variable: ramp distanceDo lab and record data.Write complete conclusion.
41 5.7A Formation of Fossil Fuels OilA flammable liquid produced from organic matter buried under layers of sediment for millions of yearsNatural gasA flammable, without a definite form, produced from organic material buried under layers of sediment found near oil depositsPressureThe action of force by one object against another (in a geyser, hot water escapes from under layers of Earth’s crust)Sedimentary rockRock made of layers of compressed organic or inorganic sedimentFossil fuelNon-renewable flammable material (coal, oil, natural gas)Made from the remains of plants and animals buried in the Earth’s crust that is used to produce heat and powerOrganic matterThe waste and remains of plants and dead animalsInorganic matterLifeless materialsSedimentSolid material that settles at the bottom of a liquid
42 Rock Formation Sedimentary rock Formed from weathered rocks, carried by erosion and dropped in layers which are compacted and cemented over time.New layers begin on top of old layers making stripesWeatheredWearing down of materials by the weatherCompactedSmashed together with force, over timeCombustibleFlammable – can catch on fire
43 5.8A Weather and Climate Weather measurement tools. thermometer Measures air temperatureBarometerMeasures air pressure (weight of the atmosphere)Rain gaugeMeasures the amount of precipitationHygrometerMeasures humidity (the water in the air)Wind vaneMeasures wind directionAnemometerMeasures the speed of windWeatherDescribes the condition of the outdoors, such as temperature, cloud cover, wind speed, rainfallClimateAverage weather conditions of a region over timeTrendShow an increasing number of eventsGeneralizationA rule or pattern based on limited proofHumidityThe amount of water vapor in the air.
44 5.8A Weather versus Climate …is the daily environmental conditions we experience around us…is the average conditions in a place over along period of time…describes that condition of the atmosphere in a place at a certain time…does NOT change on a daily basis…can be observed each day…must be observed over time…is daily in a small area…is the average or usual weather of a large region over a long period of time
45 5.8B Sun and Water Cycle Ocean 1 of 5 large bodies of salt water that covers 75% of the earthBeach erosionThe removal of beach materials into the sea of lakes by the actions of waves, tides, or windWavesMoving ridges of water on the surface of the ocean cause by windFresh waterWater found in lakes, rivers, and streams that does NOT contain saltSalt waterWater found in oceans and a few lakes, that contain 3-4% saltWater cycleThe changes to the water when it evaporates into the air, condenses into clouds, and then precipitation falls back down to the Earth’s surfaceEvaporationPhysical change in matter from a liquid to a gasCondensationPhysical change in matter from a gas to a liquidPrecipitationRain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from clouds in the skyWhat is the importance of the Sun in the water cycle?The Sun is the energy that allows the water cycle to function.
46 5.8B Sun and Water cycle Glued water cycle diagram. The Sun provides energy that evaporates water on Earth (power)While evaporation can be used to separate solutions, water that evaporates from oceans does NOT contain salt. The salt is left behind.Much of the water cycle begins when the Sun’s energy evaporates water from oceans, which collectively cover about 75% of the Earth’s surface. (Most water on Earth is salty. We don’t drink salt water.)
47 5.7B Land Changes Fast changes to the land Earthquakes Volcanoes LandslidesSlow changes to the landGlaciersWeatheringAgents of erosionWind, water, iceSand duneFormed from wind-blown sandDeltaFormed from sediment flowing down river that is deposited at the mouth of the riverCanyonFormed by moving water cutting through the Earth’s surface
48 5.7B Changes to Land Glued stem scopes picture vocabulary sheet. Earth’s Surface is shaped by…WindWaterIceSand dunesDeltasCanyonsLandslideValleyMoraine
49 5.8C Earth’s Rotation rotation A 24 hour period or the time it takes Earth to make 1 complete rotation on its axis (spin like a top)AxisA line, real or imaginary, around which something spins.SundialInstrument that measures the time of day by using the position of the sun.OrbitThe path the Earth travels around the sun (draw pic)1 rotation= 1 day1 orbit= 1 year/365 daysSeasonsIf the tilt of the Earth is toward the Sun = summerIf the tilt of the Earth is away from the Sun = winterWhen the Sun looks like it is going across the sky it is the….Rotation of the Earth.
50 5.8D The Earth, Sun and Moon Characteristics A natural satellite that orbits a planet. Some planets have no moons; other planets have over 60 moons.OrbitThe path one object takes as it revolves around another object in spaceCraterBowl-shaped indents or cavities on the surface of a planet, moon, or asteroid that are caused by a collision with another object, such as a meteoriteGravityA natural force that causes 2 objects to pull toward each other depending on their mass and the distance between them.SunThe star at the center of the Solar System that supplies heat and light to Earth; its enormous gravity to keeps the Solar System in orbit.EarthA planet in the Solar System that has life on it.
51 5.8D The Earth, Sun and Moon Characteristics p. 52 Lab of scavenger hunt…Glue in graphic organizer.
52 5.9A Interdependency p.53 Ecosystem A community of non-living and living things in their natural environment.Living ElementA part of the ecosystem like a plant or animal that requires energy to survive and has basic needs that must be metNonliving ElementA part of the ecosystem that is not living, such as sunlight, air oxygen and carbon dioxide, water, rocks and soilOrganismA living thingAdaptationAn inherited trait or learned behavior that helps an organism survive in its surroundingsProducerAn organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energyConsumerAn organism that gets energy by eating other organismsCarnivoreAn animal that gets energy by eating ONLY other animalsHerbivoreAn animal that gets energy by eating ONLY plantsOmnivoreAn animal that gets energy by eating both plants and animalsDecomposerAn organism that gets energy by eating dead organisms, nonliving materials or waste
53 5.9A & 5.9C Interdependency p. 54 Ecosystem of a River (ex.) Organism: Community:A river community can have a population of bears, salmon, and other organisms.Population:A population of bears can live at a river.Organism:Bears are one organism that lives at the river ecosystemAll living and non-living depend on each other to survive.
54 5.9B Food Webs p. 54 Each organism in an ecosystem depends on the living and non-living parts of the ecosystem.
55 5.9B Food Webs p. 55 Word Meaning Producer An organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energy…plantsConsumerAn organism that gets energy from eating other organisms…animalsDecomposerAn organism that gets its energy from eating dead organisms, non-living materials, and waste (poop).EnergyWhat is needed to do work or cause change…derived from the Sun.SunIs the energy source for all food chains and food websFood chainThe path of food energy from one organism to another in an ecosystemFood webA connection of food chains with many food energy paths in an ecosystem.PredatorAn organism that hunts and feeds on other organismsNocturnalActive at night
56 5.9B Food Webs p. 56Producers use the Sun’s energy to create their own food through photosynthesis.The different parts of a food web are producers, consumers and decomposers. Many food chains make up a food web.DecomposersConsumersProducersSun
57 5.9B Food Webs p.56Food WebName the living things in the food web that are producers.Name the living things in the food web that are consumers.Which living things does the snake eat?Which living things does the hawk eat?What is eaten by the rabbit?What do the arrows tell us?Why are they pointing away from each living thing in this food web?
58 5.9C Environmental Changes p.57 Class discussion notes while viewing “Plants, Animals, and Environmental Changes” slides.SlideWhat is the environmental change?Who or what made the change?How does the change meet the needs of the plant, animal, or human?12345678
59 5.9C Environmental Changes p.57 WordMeaningChangeTo make or become differentEnvironmentThe living and nonliving things that are around an organism-OrganismA living thingImpactDirect effect or change on…Carrying capacityThe population size an environment can feed and supportPopulationAll the living things that belong to the same group and live in the same areaVegetationAll the plant life in an ecosystem. Changes to plant life affect the whole ecosystem.
60 5.10C Metamorphosis Mealworm LAB p. 59 Date: 4/4/14Mealworm length in cm:Draw a picture of mealworm and label with name.Write your observation of his behavior once he is in his cup.
61 5.10C Metamorphosis p. 60 Word Meaning Egg The first stage in the life cycle of many organisms, including birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and insects.LarvaThe stage of Complete Metamorphosis during which the organism resembles a worm.PupaThe stage of Complete Metamorphosis during which the organism seems to be at rest, and new body parts are forming.AdultA fully grown organism that can reproduceNymphThe stage of Incomplete Metamorphosis during which an insect eats and grows and resembles a smaller version of the adult.Life CycleThe stages in an organism’s life from birth to deathComplete MetamorphosisA type of development consisting of four distinct stages – eggs, larva, pupa, and adultIncomplete MetamorphosisA type of development consisting of three stages – eggs, nymph, and adult.StagesA specific time during life or growth
62 Complete Metamorphosis Incomplete Metamorphosis 5.10C Metamorphosis p. 61 (62)Key Concept 3: Butterflies and beetles undergo complete metamorphosis, while grasshoppers and walking sticks undergo incomplete metamorphosis. (Do lab-categorization.)Complete MetamorphosisIncomplete MetamorphosisButterflyGrasshopperAntCockroachLady BugWalking StickFlyDragonflyBeetlesBee
63 Life Cycle of Insects: complete or incomplete metamorphosis 5.10C Metamorphosis p. 61 (62)Life Cycle of Insects: complete or incomplete metamorphosisLife Cycle of Frogs: egg, tadpole, tadpole with legs, froglet, frogLife Cycle of Plants: seed, germination, seedling, maturity, reproduction.
64 Complete Metamorphosis 5.10 Metamorphosis p. 62Tadpoles swim in the water and breathe using gillsEggs are laid in water.Frog Life CycleComplete MetamorphosisTadpoles with legs, before they become an actual frogAdult Frog is when the tail has been reabsorbed by the bodyFroglet is the almost mature frog about 2-4 months old, it still has some of its tail but can now breathe air using its lungs
65 Complete Metamorphosis Incomplete Metamorphosis 5.10C Metamorphosis 63Complete MetamorphosisHouse Fly Life CycleIncomplete MetamorphosisDragonfly Life Cycle
66 Life Cycle of a Pumpkin Plant 5.10C Metamorphosis 63Germination is the sprouting of the seed.Seeds are the beginning of a plant’s life.Life Cycle of a Pumpkin PlantAfter germination, it becomes a seedling.Mature Plant
67 5.10A Adaptations p.64 65 Word Meaning Adaptation Any changes made by an organism to help them survive in their environment.SpeciesA group of organisms with similar characteristics that allow them to reproduce.ReproductionThe act of making something newSurviveStay alive or stay withNicheThe role an organism plays in its environmentCamouflageWhen an organism can change to blend into their surrounding for protection or huntingMimicryWhen an organism makes itself look like something else – copycatMigrationThe seasonal movement of animals from one place to anotherHibernationWhen an animal becomes still and sleeps through a seasonHabitatThe place or environment in which an organism naturally lives
68 Examples of structures are: hooves, webbed feet, and claws. 5.10A Adaptations p.65 66AdaptationsPlants and animals have specific structures and functions that let them be successful in their environment.Examples of structures are: hooves, webbed feet, and claws.The thumb is an important structure that lets humans survive.
69 5.10B Inherited Traits and Learned Behaviors p. 65 back 66 Some traits are inherited from parent to offspring, while other behaviors are learned during an organisms lifetime.Inherited characteristics are things such as hair color, the shape of a beak, and spines on a cactus.Learned characteristics can include learned behaviors such as a child riding a bike or animals learning tricks. They can also include physical characteristics such as a scar.
70 5.9A Biomes p.67Scientists have developed the term Biome to describe areas on the earth with similar climate, plants, and animals.Ecosystem: a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment.Habitat: the area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs
72 Biome PPT in class Project Research page 1 Researcher Name: __________________________________________ Due Date: ____________________________Biome Research Questions1.) What is your chosen biome? __________________________________________________________________2.) Why did you select this biome? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3.) What is weather like in your biome? ____________________________________________________________4.) How much precipitation does your biome receive annually? ___________________________________________5.) Where, in general, can your biome be found? _____________________________________________________6.) What was the most interesting fact you found out about your biome? ____________________________________7.) List and describe at least three animals that live in your chosen biome. Include a physical description of that animal (use descriptive adjectives), what the animal eats, and why that animal lives in the biome you selected. You may include other interesting information as well. If you wish to describe additional animals, please do so in your own handwriting on a loose leaf sheet of notebook paper and attach it to this page. Do not staple internet print-outs to this!
73 Biome PPT in class Project Research page 2 8.) List and describe at least four plants that live in your chosen biome. Include a physical description of that plant (usedescriptive adjectives) and why that plant lives in the biome you selected. You may include other interesting information as well. If you wish to describe additional plants, please do so in your own handwriting on a loose leaf sheet of notebook paper and attach it to this page. Do not staple internet print-outs to this!9.) What sources did you use to locate your information?a. Source 1 Title :____________________________________________________________________Author: ______________________________________ Main Pages Used: ______________________Where did you find this source? (library, online, textbook) ______________________________________Web address (if applicable):____________________________________________________________b. Source 2 Title :____________________________________________________________________c. Source 3 Title :____________________________________________________________________