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Science NB 5th grade 2013-2014.

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1 Science NB 5th grade

2 Lab Safety Safety Tools Reason/Rule Goggles
Always wear goggles to protect eyes Gloves Always wear gloves to protect hands Apron Always wear apron to protect clothing /body Sink Always wash hands after labs to protect skin and others you have contact with

3 Lab Safety Safety Rules Goggles
Wear when working with chemicals and using heat Glassware Never use chipped or broken equipment Never clean up broken glass – get teacher When using chemicals: Tie back long hair Always wear goggles Run sink when pouring chemicals into sin Wafting Waving your hand over a container away from face Using heat… Tie hair back Secure long sleeves Wear goggles Secure the cords Use gloves, tongs, tweezers Unplug all when finished Never leave burner unattended NEVER TASTE OR EAT A SUBSTANCE WITHOUT TEACHER PERMISSION!!!

4 Lab Safety Challenge: Sponge Bob
Glued worksheet of lab safety practice.

5 Lab Equipment Practicum
Practicum rotation lesson for students to collect information about science tools and how they work.

6 Lab Measurement Lab lesson conducted by students to practice using:
Balance scale Rulers Thermometers

7 Scientific Method Form
Title of Investigation Problem: What do you want to learn? Hypothesis Predict the answer to your problem? Materials Make a list of materials you are going to use in the investigation. Procedure Design a test to confirm or disprove your hypothesis. Data What happened? Record what happened. Conclusion Was your hypothesis confirmed or disproved?

8 Lab Report Expectations
Lab Investigation Title Problem: The problem in this class will always be written in the form of a question. Hypothesis: The experiment you conduct will test this hypothesis. On this project, the hypothesis should be written as an If…then…, statement using your past experiences and knowledge. (If……. Happens, then…..will be the result.) Materials: Be specific about the sizes, numbers, and types of materials you are using. If you use it, it must be included. If you use it, you must list it. List your materials in columns. No numbering. Procedure: The procedure should be clearly written in the exact order you will follow to test your hypothesis. List each step separately and number each step. Do not use the words “you” or “I in your steps. Data: Data should be recorded in an easy-to-read format such as tables, charts, graphs. Date should NOT be written in paragraph form. A title and labels are required. Conclusion: Your conclusion may be quite different from the hypothesis you wrote. This is OK! Your hypothesis MUST include all four parts: Tell whether the hypothesis you made was confirmed or disproved Restate the hypothesis Summarize the procedure you used and discuss any problems you encountered Present the data that confirmed or disproved you hypothesis

9 Lab and Report Sample (done in class)
Ramp Roll Problem Which ramp lets the ball reach the end first? Hypothesis If a ball rolls faster from a higher ramp, then it will also make it to the end of a ramp before a ball rolled from a lower ramp. Materials 1 ramp high 1 ramp lower 2 balls, exactly the same size Procedure Set up both ramps. Set both ramps at the same starting point Set a ball at the top of each ramp Let get of both balls, simultaneously Observe which ball reached the end of their ramp first Repeat trial three times Record data

10 Con’t Lab and Report Sample (done in class)
Data Data of Who Makes it to the End Trials High Ramp Low Ramp #1 Yes No #2 #3 Conclusion The hypothesis confirmed. It stated that the ball would reach the end of the higher ramp first. A test was conducted by letting two identical balls roll to the end of 2 identical balls roll to the end of 2 identical ramps at different heights. As a result, the higher ramp did have the ball reach the end of its ramp first.

11 Investigation Vocabulary
The search for an answer to a question. Prediction Educated guess (hypothesis) Data Information gathered during an experiment Conclusion Explanation of an experiment or observation Variable The part (factor) of an experiment that can change the results Inference An explanation based on what you already know or what you have seen Direct evidence Evidence that comes from your measurements, tests, or observations Indirect evidence Evidence based on your inference Procedure Planned set of steps Trial Repeated test or observation

12 Lab: Airplane Title Flying Near of Far Problem
Which paper airplane will fly further? Hypothesis If a sharp knife will cut better, then a sharp plane will cut through the air and fly further. Material Two identically pieces of paper Tape Pencil Sticky note Procedure Fold one paper into a paper airplane with a wide nose. Fold another paper into a paper airplane with a pointed nose. Tape the top of each plane, together so it stays folded. Label the wide nose with A Label the pointed nose with B Write you name on each plane Choose a starting line on the playground. Throw plane A from the starting line. Observe how far it flew. Throw plane B from the starting line. Record your results. Repeat steps 8 through 12, two more times. Create a data chart to record data.

13 Which Flew the Furthest?
Con’t Lab: Airplane Data Which Flew the Furthest? Trials Plane A Plane B #1 X #2 #3 X = went further Conclusion My hypothesis was confirmed. If a sharp knife cuts better, then a sharp plane will cut through the air better, and fly further. I made two planes, one with a wide nose, and one with a sharp nose. Then I threw them from the same start line to see how far they went. The results of my trials showed that plane B, the narrow plane flew further.

14 Test Prep The importance of writing the procedure steps in an investigation is so others can redo the investigation exactly like the original. Every investigation needs a variable. A variable must not change during any of the investigations. Only one variable may be in an investigation, at a time.

15 Matter Vocabulary Matter Stuff that everything is made of… Mass
The amount of matter in an object Properties Appearances of an object: Magnetism Physical state (solid, liquid, gas) Relative density Solubility The ability to insulate, OR conduct electricity, OR heat The property of attraction to a magnet Physical state The property of being a solid, a liquid, or a gas Objects that are more dense – sink in water Objects that are less dense – float in water Measurement of the ability to dissolve in a liquid Thermal energy Energy that causes a change in temperature between materials Electric energy Energy produced by movement of electrons Conductor Materials that allow electric current or heat energy to flow through easily Insulator Material that slows down or stops electric current or heat from flowing

16 Con’t Matter Vocabulary
Classify Group together based on similar traits Physical properties Color Shapes Size Density (float/space) Hardness Solubility/dissolve Mass/weight Magnetism Texture Physical state: solid, liquid, gas

17 States of Matter: foldable as a class lesson
Solid Liquid Gas Picture drawn of a solid with circles tightly packed together in a square. Picture drawn of a liquid with circles loosely packed in a vase shape. Picture drawn of a gas with circles very loosely help inside a balloon with lots of room to move. Definition: It has a definite shape and a definite volume. In a solid, the particles are packed together tightly and each particle stays in the same place and vibrates. Definitions: It has a definite volume, but not a definite shape. It takes the shape of its container. These particles are not packed as tightly together as a solid, and they move freely. Definition: It has no definite shape or volume. It also takes up space in a container. These particles are packed together the least (loosely) and more free to move around quickly. Desk Starboard Person Carpet Toothpaste Dr. Pepper Lemonade Channel 5 Shampoo Air Carbon monoxide Helium Oxygen Nitric oxide

18 How Temperature Changes Matter
Boiling Point of Water = 100 degrees Celsius Glued picture of thermometer colored by student, to 100 degrees Celsius Freezing Point of Water = 0 degrees Celsius Glued picture of a thermometer colored by student, to 0 degrees Celsius *water changes from liquid to a solid when the temperature falls to 0 degrees Celsius Melting Point of Water = 0 degrees Celsius *ice cubes change from a solid to a liquid when the temperature rises to 0 degrees Celsius

19 Matter can change states by adding or taking away, heat.
Changes in Matter Evaporation Particles escaping from a nonboiling liquid and become a gas. Condensation Changes to a gas to a liquid (opposite of evaporation) Matter can change states by adding or taking away, heat. A solid + Heat (energy) = liquid Ex. Melting ice cream A liquid - Heat (energy) = solid Ex. Freezing in freezer A gas Ex. Condensation on a glass of lemonade +Heat (energy) = gas Ex. Evaporation above boiling water

20 Solid, Liquid, Gas Investigation
Can you blow up a balloon with ice? Problem Will melting ice blow up a balloon? Hypothesis If ice changes into a liquid and a liquid changes into a gas, then I think the gas could blow up a balloon. Materials 1 balloon 1 hot plate 1 flask 10 ice cubes Oven glove Procedure Heat the hot plate on high Put 10 ice cubes into the flask Put balloon over the mouth of the flask Set flask with ice and balloons on hot plate Observe and see if the melting ice will blow up the balloon Repeat investigation three times Record all observations

21 Con’t Solid, Liquid, Gas Investigation
Data Will the balloon blow up with ice? Trial Blow Up Not Blow Up 1 X 2 3 X = blow up Conclusion My hypothesis was confirmed. I hypothesized that if ice changes into a liquid, and a liquid changes into a gas, then I think this gas could blow up a balloon. I investigated by heating ice in a flask covered by a balloon. The results of my trials showed that the gas from the ice filled the balloon.

22 Volume/Density/Mass/Weight
The amount of matter in an object Weight The amount of matter in an object and the pull of gravity on that object Volume The amount of space that an object takes up To find volume 1-liquid Measure with a graduated cylinder 2-solid a. Length x width x height Picture drawn of cube with length, width and height labeled = l x w x h b. Water displacement Picture drawn of two graduated cylinder filled with water and show the displacement of the water with a rock in side. Calculate. Density The concentration of matter in an object Mass divide by Volume Picture drawn of two graduated cylinders and illustrate the displacement difference of Coke and Diet Coke

23 Lab: Sink or Float Sink or Float Problem
Will a Styrofoam ball float in water? Hypothesis If a Styrofoam ball feels light, then it should float. Material 600mL of water 1 measuring cup 1 Styrofoam ball Procedure 1. Fill measuring cup with 600 mL of water 2. Place Styrofoam ball in water 3. Observe and record data Data Trial Sink Float 1 X 2 3 4 X = yes

24 Con’t Lab: Sink or Float
Conclusion My hypothesis was confirmed. I hypothesized that if a Styrofoam ball feels light, then it should float in water. I investigated by putting the ball in the water to see if it floats. The results of my trials showed that the Styrofoam ball floats in water.

25 Density Lab Glued in Density Lab report sheet.

26 Mixtures/Solutions mixture
A combination of two or more different kinds of matter, each of which keeps its own physical properties and can easily be separated. Trail mix, salad solution A type of mixture in which particles of the two substances are evenly mixed, and cannot be easily separated. Lemonade, ocean water, Kool-Aid drop in Solute The substance being dissolved Kool-Aid crystals Solvent The substance doing the dissolving Picture drawn of a glass with a solvent and a solute illustrated.

27 Matter Test Study Guide
Glued in Matter Study guide.

28 Forms of Energy energy The ability to move and cause changes in matter
Potential energy Stored energy – the energy of an object has because of where it is or its condition. Picture drawn of an arrow and bow = arrow in the bow, pulled back into position but NOT released. Kinetic energy The energy of motion. Picture drawn of bow and arrow in release of arrow. Mechanical energy The energy of moving objects Thermal energy Heat energy Electrical energy The movement of electrons Light energy (Sun) energy that moved in waves to your eyes Sound energy Energy that moves as vibrations into your ears Types of Potential Energy Elastic – energy stored in compressed strings (rubber band) Gravitational – energy in stored items prior to gravitational pull (apples in a tree) Chemical – energy stored in foods for your body, before you eat Transformation of Energy When energy is changed from one form to another Picture drawn of a lamp that transform electrical energy to light energy to heat energy

29 Lab: Kinetic Energy Glued in lab data collection sheet.

30 Electric Energy Electric circuit
The pathway through which electric current flows (electric current = electrons) Picture of a closed circuit. Labeled. Electromagnetism Magnetism created by an electric current; MRI or electric motor Conductor Material that allows electric current to flow through easily; most metals, water, people Insulator Material that stops electric current from flowing; rubber, silicon Flow To move or travel smooth in a certain direction Electric current The flow of electricity around a circuit Light energy The light that our eyes can see Heat energy Energy that causes a change in temperature between materials Sound energy Energy produced from vibration that you can hear Complete circuit Closed circuit Picture drawn of closed circuits Incomplete circuit Open circuit Picture drawn of open circuits (one with a broken filament)

31 Electric Energy Current The flow of electricity Path
The conductor that the electrons travel on Switch Device that opens and closes a circuit Magnetism A force that creates attraction between unlike poles Conductors Insulators Metals Rubber Water Plastic Aluminum Glass Magnet Air Wood Closed circuit Open circuit Complete Incomplete Picture of a sample

32 Light 5.6C Reflection Energy waves bouncing off the surface of an object (like a mirror) Refraction Energy waves that bend (change direction and speed) as they pass from one type of object to another. Draw pic. Lens A clear piece of curved glass or plastic that bands passing light to focus or spread light rays Mirror Any object that has a reflective surface (shiny and smooth metal, glass, water) Laser A device that gives off a very strong and directed beam of light Illuminate Light up Light spectrum The small part of the electromagnetic spectrum that the human eye can see; violet, blue, cyan, green, yellow, orange and red Magnify Increase in size, power or importance Kaleidoscope A tube that contains three mirrors that reflect many different designs of light passing through a colored disk on top Telescope An instrument that uses mirrors and/or lenses to gather and focus light from objects far away

33 Properties of Light Light Travels in a straight line
Travels faster than sound Is reflected into our eyes so we can see Shadows Formed when light is blocked Transparent Allows light waves to be transmitted without scattering the waves (see through) Translucent Allows light waves to be transmitted partially, scatters the waves Opaque DOES NOT allow light waves to transmit through Lens Convex lens – refracts light to focus and make images seem bigger Hand lenses Magnifying Glasses Draw pic.

34 Light Lab Glued in lab sheet from various stations.

35 5.7C Alternative Energy Alternative energy resource
Alternative = Other Energy generated by natural processes that renew. Energy made by natural ways that replaces itself. Wind energy Energy from moving air that turns the blades of a turbine to generate electricity Solar energy Energy that comes from the Sun Biofuel Fuel made from plants, animal waste, and decomposing plant and animal tissue Geothermal energy Energy that comes from the natural heat inside the Earth Hydroelectricity Electricity made from the energy of moving or falling water Renewable resources Materials from the Earth that can be replaced by nature within a relatively short period of time Trees, plants, air, water Nonrenewable resources Materials from the Earth that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time Oil, coal, natural gas Fossil fuels A flammable material made from the waste and remains of plants and animals in the Earth’s crust that is used to produce heat and power.

36 5.7C Alternative Energy Pollution
Materials introduced into an environment that cause damage, discomfort, or instability Energy efficient Technology or practices that reduce energy use Renewable resources (groups make lists to share) Nonrenewable resources Energy Sources data collection lab sheet. Glued into NB.

37 5.6D Force, Motion, Energy Force
The push or pull that causes an object to move, stop or change directions Movement A change in position or location Shape The outline or form of an object Position Where an object is located in space Direction The line or course along which something is moving Gravity The force that pulls objects to the center of the Earth Friction A force that slows or stops motion when objects rub together Inertia The property of an object that resists movement by force Magnetic force The area around a magnet that attracts iron or other materials

38 5.6D Force and Motion Force is needed to make objects move = kick(force)…ball moves More force is needed to move objects w/more mass Friction is a force that works against motion to slow or stop an object Lab: Which sphere will move the dragon the furthest? Do lab and post data here. Write conclusion in full form.

39 5.6D Force Labs Does the distance an object rolls down a ramp effect its force? Variable: ramp distance Do lab and record data. Write complete conclusion.

40 5.6D Force, Motion, Energy Glue concept review sheet.

41 5.7A Formation of Fossil Fuels
Oil A flammable liquid produced from organic matter buried under layers of sediment for millions of years Natural gas A flammable, without a definite form, produced from organic material buried under layers of sediment found near oil deposits Pressure The action of force by one object against another (in a geyser, hot water escapes from under layers of Earth’s crust) Sedimentary rock Rock made of layers of compressed organic or inorganic sediment Fossil fuel Non-renewable flammable material (coal, oil, natural gas) Made from the remains of plants and animals buried in the Earth’s crust that is used to produce heat and power Organic matter The waste and remains of plants and dead animals Inorganic matter Lifeless materials Sediment Solid material that settles at the bottom of a liquid

42 Rock Formation Sedimentary rock
Formed from weathered rocks, carried by erosion and dropped in layers which are compacted and cemented over time. New layers begin on top of old layers making stripes Weathered Wearing down of materials by the weather Compacted Smashed together with force, over time Combustible Flammable – can catch on fire

43 5.8A Weather and Climate Weather measurement tools. thermometer
Measures air temperature Barometer Measures air pressure (weight of the atmosphere) Rain gauge Measures the amount of precipitation Hygrometer Measures humidity (the water in the air) Wind vane Measures wind direction Anemometer Measures the speed of wind Weather Describes the condition of the outdoors, such as temperature, cloud cover, wind speed, rainfall Climate Average weather conditions of a region over time Trend Show an increasing number of events Generalization A rule or pattern based on limited proof Humidity The amount of water vapor in the air.

44 5.8A Weather versus Climate
…is the daily environmental conditions we experience around us …is the average conditions in a place over along period of time …describes that condition of the atmosphere in a place at a certain time …does NOT change on a daily basis …can be observed each day …must be observed over time …is daily in a small area …is the average or usual weather of a large region over a long period of time

45 5.8B Sun and Water Cycle Ocean
1 of 5 large bodies of salt water that covers 75% of the earth Beach erosion The removal of beach materials into the sea of lakes by the actions of waves, tides, or wind Waves Moving ridges of water on the surface of the ocean cause by wind Fresh water Water found in lakes, rivers, and streams that does NOT contain salt Salt water Water found in oceans and a few lakes, that contain 3-4% salt Water cycle The changes to the water when it evaporates into the air, condenses into clouds, and then precipitation falls back down to the Earth’s surface Evaporation Physical change in matter from a liquid to a gas Condensation Physical change in matter from a gas to a liquid Precipitation Rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from clouds in the sky What is the importance of the Sun in the water cycle? The Sun is the energy that allows the water cycle to function.

46 5.8B Sun and Water cycle Glued water cycle diagram.
The Sun provides energy that evaporates water on Earth (power) While evaporation can be used to separate solutions, water that evaporates from oceans does NOT contain salt. The salt is left behind. Much of the water cycle begins when the Sun’s energy evaporates water from oceans, which collectively cover about 75% of the Earth’s surface. (Most water on Earth is salty. We don’t drink salt water.)

47 5.7B Land Changes Fast changes to the land Earthquakes Volcanoes
Landslides Slow changes to the land Glaciers Weathering Agents of erosion Wind, water, ice Sand dune Formed from wind-blown sand Delta Formed from sediment flowing down river that is deposited at the mouth of the river Canyon Formed by moving water cutting through the Earth’s surface

48 5.7B Changes to Land Glued stem scopes picture vocabulary sheet.
Earth’s Surface is shaped by… Wind Water Ice Sand dunes Deltas Canyons Landslide Valley Moraine

49 5.8C Earth’s Rotation rotation
A 24 hour period or the time it takes Earth to make 1 complete rotation on its axis (spin like a top) Axis A line, real or imaginary, around which something spins. Sundial Instrument that measures the time of day by using the position of the sun. Orbit The path the Earth travels around the sun (draw pic) 1 rotation = 1 day 1 orbit = 1 year/365 days Seasons If the tilt of the Earth is toward the Sun = summer If the tilt of the Earth is away from the Sun = winter When the Sun looks like it is going across the sky it is the…. Rotation of the Earth.

50 5.8D The Earth, Sun and Moon Characteristics
A natural satellite that orbits a planet. Some planets have no moons; other planets have over 60 moons. Orbit The path one object takes as it revolves around another object in space Crater Bowl-shaped indents or cavities on the surface of a planet, moon, or asteroid that are caused by a collision with another object, such as a meteorite Gravity A natural force that causes 2 objects to pull toward each other depending on their mass and the distance between them. Sun The star at the center of the Solar System that supplies heat and light to Earth; its enormous gravity to keeps the Solar System in orbit. Earth A planet in the Solar System that has life on it.

51 5.8D The Earth, Sun and Moon Characteristics p. 52
Lab of scavenger hunt… Glue in graphic organizer.

52 5.9A Interdependency p.53 Ecosystem
A community of non-living and living things in their natural environment. Living Element A part of the ecosystem like a plant or animal that requires energy to survive and has basic needs that must be met Nonliving Element A part of the ecosystem that is not living, such as sunlight, air oxygen and carbon dioxide, water, rocks and soil Organism A living thing Adaptation An inherited trait or learned behavior that helps an organism survive in its surroundings Producer An organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energy Consumer An organism that gets energy by eating other organisms Carnivore An animal that gets energy by eating ONLY other animals Herbivore An animal that gets energy by eating ONLY plants Omnivore An animal that gets energy by eating both plants and animals Decomposer An organism that gets energy by eating dead organisms, nonliving materials or waste

53 5.9A & 5.9C Interdependency p. 54 Ecosystem of a River (ex.) Organism:
Community: A river community can have a population of bears, salmon, and other organisms. Population: A population of bears can live at a river. Organism: Bears are one organism that lives at the river ecosystem All living and non-living depend on each other to survive.

54 5.9B Food Webs p. 54 Each organism in an ecosystem depends on the living and non-living parts of the ecosystem.

55 5.9B Food Webs p. 55 Word Meaning Producer
An organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energy…plants Consumer An organism that gets energy from eating other organisms…animals Decomposer An organism that gets its energy from eating dead organisms, non-living materials, and waste (poop). Energy What is needed to do work or cause change…derived from the Sun. Sun Is the energy source for all food chains and food webs Food chain The path of food energy from one organism to another in an ecosystem Food web A connection of food chains with many food energy paths in an ecosystem. Predator An organism that hunts and feeds on other organisms Nocturnal Active at night

56 5.9B Food Webs p. 56 Producers use the Sun’s energy to create their own food through photosynthesis. The different parts of a food web are producers, consumers and decomposers. Many food chains make up a food web. Decomposers Consumers Producers Sun

57 5.9B Food Webs p.56 Food Web Name the living things in the food web that are producers. Name the living things in the food web that are consumers. Which living things does the snake eat? Which living things does the hawk eat? What is eaten by the rabbit? What do the arrows tell us? Why are they pointing away from each living thing in this food web?

58 5.9C Environmental Changes p.57
Class discussion notes while viewing “Plants, Animals, and Environmental Changes” slides. Slide What is the environmental change? Who or what made the change? How does the change meet the needs of the plant, animal, or human? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

59 5.9C Environmental Changes p.57
Word Meaning Change To make or become different Environment The living and nonliving things that are around an organism- Organism A living thing Impact Direct effect or change on… Carrying capacity The population size an environment can feed and support Population All the living things that belong to the same group and live in the same area Vegetation All the plant life in an ecosystem. Changes to plant life affect the whole ecosystem.

60 5.10C Metamorphosis Mealworm LAB p. 59
Date: 4/4/14 Mealworm length in cm: Draw a picture of mealworm and label with name. Write your observation of his behavior once he is in his cup.

61 5.10C Metamorphosis p. 60 Word Meaning Egg
The first stage in the life cycle of many organisms, including birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and insects. Larva The stage of Complete Metamorphosis during which the organism resembles a worm. Pupa The stage of Complete Metamorphosis during which the organism seems to be at rest, and new body parts are forming. Adult A fully grown organism that can reproduce Nymph The stage of Incomplete Metamorphosis during which an insect eats and grows and resembles a smaller version of the adult. Life Cycle The stages in an organism’s life from birth to death Complete Metamorphosis A type of development consisting of four distinct stages – eggs, larva, pupa, and adult Incomplete Metamorphosis A type of development consisting of three stages – eggs, nymph, and adult. Stages A specific time during life or growth

62 Complete Metamorphosis Incomplete Metamorphosis
5.10C Metamorphosis p. 61 (62) Key Concept 3: Butterflies and beetles undergo complete metamorphosis, while grasshoppers and walking sticks undergo incomplete metamorphosis. (Do lab-categorization.) Complete Metamorphosis Incomplete Metamorphosis Butterfly Grasshopper Ant Cockroach Lady Bug Walking Stick Fly Dragonfly Beetles Bee

63 Life Cycle of Insects: complete or incomplete metamorphosis
5.10C Metamorphosis p. 61 (62) Life Cycle of Insects: complete or incomplete metamorphosis Life Cycle of Frogs: egg, tadpole, tadpole with legs, froglet, frog Life Cycle of Plants: seed, germination, seedling, maturity, reproduction.

64 Complete Metamorphosis
5.10 Metamorphosis p. 62 Tadpoles swim in the water and breathe using gills Eggs are laid in water. Frog Life Cycle Complete Metamorphosis Tadpoles with legs, before they become an actual frog Adult Frog is when the tail has been reabsorbed by the body Froglet is the almost mature frog about 2-4 months old, it still has some of its tail but can now breathe air using its lungs

65 Complete Metamorphosis Incomplete Metamorphosis
5.10C Metamorphosis 63 Complete Metamorphosis House Fly Life Cycle Incomplete Metamorphosis Dragonfly Life Cycle

66 Life Cycle of a Pumpkin Plant
5.10C Metamorphosis 63 Germination is the sprouting of the seed. Seeds are the beginning of a plant’s life. Life Cycle of a Pumpkin Plant After germination, it becomes a seedling. Mature Plant

67 5.10A Adaptations p.64 65 Word Meaning Adaptation
Any changes made by an organism to help them survive in their environment. Species A group of organisms with similar characteristics that allow them to reproduce. Reproduction The act of making something new Survive Stay alive or stay with Niche The role an organism plays in its environment Camouflage When an organism can change to blend into their surrounding for protection or hunting Mimicry When an organism makes itself look like something else – copycat Migration The seasonal movement of animals from one place to another Hibernation When an animal becomes still and sleeps through a season Habitat The place or environment in which an organism naturally lives

68 Examples of structures are: hooves, webbed feet, and claws.
5.10A Adaptations p.65 66 Adaptations Plants and animals have specific structures and functions that let them be successful in their environment. Examples of structures are: hooves, webbed feet, and claws. The thumb is an important structure that lets humans survive.

69 5.10B Inherited Traits and Learned Behaviors p. 65 back 66
Some traits are inherited from parent to offspring, while other behaviors are learned during an organisms lifetime. Inherited characteristics are things such as hair color, the shape of a beak, and spines on a cactus. Learned characteristics can include learned behaviors such as a child riding a bike or animals learning tricks. They can also include physical characteristics such as a scar.

70 5.9A Biomes p.67 Scientists have developed the term Biome to describe areas on the earth with similar climate, plants, and animals. Ecosystem: a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment. Habitat: the area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs

71 5.9A Biomes p. 67 Biomes Characteristics Tropic rainforest Grasslands
Savannah Temperate forest Desert Taiga (sub-arctic) Tundra

72 Biome PPT in class Project Research page 1
Researcher Name: __________________________________________ Due Date: ____________________________ Biome Research Questions 1.) What is your chosen biome? __________________________________________________________________ 2.) Why did you select this biome? ________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3.) What is weather like in your biome? ____________________________________________________________ 4.) How much precipitation does your biome receive annually? ___________________________________________ 5.) Where, in general, can your biome be found? _____________________________________________________ 6.) What was the most interesting fact you found out about your biome? ____________________________________ 7.) List and describe at least three animals that live in your chosen biome. Include a physical description of that animal (use descriptive adjectives), what the animal eats, and why that animal lives in the biome you selected. You may include other interesting information as well. If you wish to describe additional animals, please do so in your own handwriting on a loose leaf sheet of notebook paper and attach it to this page. Do not staple internet print-outs to this!

73 Biome PPT in class Project Research page 2
8.) List and describe at least four plants that live in your chosen biome. Include a physical description of that plant (use descriptive adjectives) and why that plant lives in the biome you selected. You may include other interesting information as well. If you wish to describe additional plants, please do so in your own handwriting on a loose leaf sheet of notebook paper and attach it to this page. Do not staple internet print-outs to this! 9.) What sources did you use to locate your information? a. Source 1 Title :____________________________________________________________________ Author: ______________________________________ Main Pages Used: ______________________ Where did you find this source? (library, online, textbook) ______________________________________ Web address (if applicable):____________________________________________________________ b. Source 2 Title :____________________________________________________________________ c. Source 3 Title :____________________________________________________________________

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