Presentation on theme: "Luis Arellanes Hector Montes Victor Yepez. Tuberculosis (TB) is divided into two categories: pulmonary and extra pulmonary. Pulmonary Tuberculosis."— Presentation transcript:
Tuberculosis (TB) is divided into two categories: pulmonary and extra pulmonary. Pulmonary Tuberculosis Types: Primary Tuberculosis Pneumonia Tuberculosis Pleurisy Cavitary Tuberculosis Miliary TB Laryngeal Tuberculosis
Primary TB pneumonia is considered a pulmonary form of TB. Since primary TB pneumonia attacks people with weaker immune systems, young children and the elderly are most at risk, as are those with HIV/AIDS. This type of TB is uncommon and attacks the lungs in the form of pneumonia with symptoms of high fever and cough.
Tb is treatable and a person can live with it, they may need medicine so they can be healthy and not transmit to others.
It’s classified as granulomatous inflammatory disease which is a disease that causes inflammation in cells. Has both characteristics of gram positive and gram negative
TB is mostly seen in Sub-Sahara Africa and in Asia. 90-95% of the people with the infection remain asymptomatic. In 2010 there were 8.8 million new cases of TB and 1.20-1.45 million deaths mainly in developing countries. TB in Africa its mainly adolescents and young adults, in places like the U.S it is more common among older people and those that are immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system. Its also quite common with people who have used illicit drugs.
Will only tell if patient is infected with the bacteria not the infection or disease. TB Skin Test Performed by injecting a small amount of fluid called tuberculin into the skin in the lower part of the arm. The patient must return within 48-72 hours to see the results of the test. The examiner will look for a hard, raised, or swelling area, and if present will be measured by a ruler. Redness by itself is not considered part of the reaction. Positive Results- means that the person is infected with TB bacteria Negative Results- means the person does not have the bacteria and not likely to be infected with the infection or disease.