Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Renaissance and Reformation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 15 Renaissance and Reformation Outline Section 1The Italian Reniassance
2 Ch 15 Sec 1 I. Era of Awakening A. Renaissance 1. early 1300’s, Italy 2. Means rebirth3. Philosophical and artistic movementa. Renewed interest in Greek and Roman Lit and life.
3 B. Causes1. Began in Italya. Roman Ruins=Roman Gloryb. Crusades & Trade1) Arab & African advances2) Byzantine Scholars preserved Greek and Roman learning3) Advances in Science and Medicine4) Encouraged Italian curiosity for new knowledge2. Italian cities rich from trade and industrya. Wealthy educated merchants and bankersb. Became patrons (supporters) of the arts1) Medici’s - Florence2) Isabella d’Este – Mantua
4 C. Humanities 1. Study of grammar, history, Poetry and Rhetoric 2. Specialists called Humanistsa. Developed critical approach to learningb. investigate to understand how things workc. education/renewed interest in classical learning3. Still devout Catholicsa. Conflict between church and educationb. life prep for afterlife, but still to be enjoyedc. believed in individual achievementHumanists become poets and scientists
6 II. Italian Renaissance Writers A. Francesco Petrarch1. Scholar, teacher, poeta. Sonnets to Laura, the ideal woman2. Continued work of classical writersa. study of called Classical Education1) mark of educationb. Committed to virtue3. Worried ambition would hurt chance for salvation4. Considered the Father of Humanism
7 C. Baldassare Castiglione B. Niccolo Machiavelli1. Diplomat and historian2. Less concerned about church conflict3. Wrote essay “The Prince”a. described reality of govt. not the idealb. thought rulers should be concerned w/power and success1) Ruthless = Machiavellian4. Considered a humanist because used Romans as modelsC. Baldassare Castiglione1. Diplomat2. Wrote “The Book of the Courtier”a. most famous book of renaissanceb. used real people, fake conversation to explain how people should act in society
8 III. Italian Renaissance Artists A. Content1. Middle Agesa. stressed religious concernsb. depicted Holy Land2. Renaissancea. realistic scenes & imagesb. life like humansc. Italian countrysideB. Perspective1. Life like2. Distant objects small, close object largercreates illusion of depth
10 Masaccio 1401-1428 Artists of the Renaissance Masaccio was the first to uselinear perspective in paintings.He was also the first to use avanishing point to show perspective.His frescoes are the first examples of humanism in art.Vanishingpointself-portraitThe HolyTrinity
11 Masaccio 1401-1428 Artists of the Renaissance Crucifixion, 1426Fresco, Brancaccio Chapel in Florence.
12 Egg tempera paint was abandoned, replaced by oil paints. Sculptures became more realisticPerspective and natural light introduced into art.Space and form handled more realistically.Sculptures became more common.Left: Titian’s Bacchius and Ariadne depicts nature.Middle: Michelangelo’s Martyrdom of St. Peter illustrates perspective in Renaissance art.Right: Donatello was one of the most famous sculptors of the Renaissance.
13 More interest in depicting nature over religion. Pieter Bruegal the Elder’sThe Fall of Icarus combines several elements of Renaissance art: It reflects therenewal of interest in Greekmythology, as well as the interest in representing nature.
14 First experiments with oil-based paints, mixing pigments with linseed oil.Jan van Eyck, Madonna with the Child readingVan Eyck is consideredto be one of the greatpainters of the Renaissance.Van Eyck and other painters of the Netherlands made oil the standard medium of painting. Until then,tempera (pigment mixed with egg) was most commonly used.
15 C. Giotto 1. one of first realist painters fly ‘in’ painting looked real (legend)
17 D. Leonardo da Vinci1. Architect, engineer, sculpture, painter & scientist2. Science improved his paintinga. sketches of animals & flying machinesb. anatomy - realistic looking humansc. Math - organizing of space3. Createda. “The Last Supper”b. “Mona Lisa” - most famous
18 Leonardo was the perfect example of a “Renaissance man,” that is, someone who excels in a variety of fields.He was a painter, scientist, inventor, engineer, mathematician, sculptor, architect, botanist, and writer.Only fifteen of Leonardo da Vinci’spaintings still exist.Leonardo da Vinci
19 Below: Last Supper Right: Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci, Self-portrait The Last Supper1498
20 Madonna of the Coronation The Lady withthe Ermine1485
21 The Prophets Isaiah and Ezekiel E. Michelangelo1. Painter & poet2. Worksa. Sistine Chapel – Paintedb. David – Sculpturec. St. Peters Basilica, Rome - helped designThe Prophets Isaiah and Ezekiel
22 Michelangelo’s ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Rome.
23 F. Rafael 1. Hired to beautify Vatican 2. Painted frescos a. mainly Madonna’s and the Virgin MarySelf-portraitby Raphael
24 School of Athensleft: Resurrection ofChristSt. George
25 Raphael was commissioned to decorate the reception rooms of the palace of the Vatican.Adoration of The Sacrament
26 G. Titian 1. Painted “The Assumption of the Virgin” a. sense of drama, rich colors2. Supported by the HREmperor3. one of first to become wealthy off work.Self-portrait by Titian, c. 1485
27 Emperor Charles V at Muhlberg 1548 AssuntaVirgin of the Rocks
28 Pieta: Titian’s last painting AnnunciationVirgin of the RocksPieta: Titian’s last painting