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Education in the UK Estra Tõnisson

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1 Education in the UK Estra Tõnisson

2 What do you know about British schools? True or false? In Britain there is more than one system of education. Children must start school at the age of 4. It is compulsory to learn for 12 years Most schools in England require children to wear a school uniform The school year consists of 195 schooldays and is divided into six terms Summer holidays last for 8 weeks

3 Types of School Public means private – private education is gained in independent schools and these are fee-paying schools State schools provide state education, schools are funded by the government or local education authorities

4 History again… Public schools Education left alone by government Only model school the country had

5 Public School system Boys Fee-paying Boarding Make senior boys prefect Divided into houses Great emphasis on team sports Use of physical punishment Most famous Eton, Harrow, Rugby and Winchester

6 Eton tour

7 School uniform My daughter has to wear a dark green skirt or trousers, a white blouse, a dark green jumper, and black shoes and socks or tights. The Moslem girls at her school may wear a head- scarf, but it must be dark green or white or black. My son wears black trousers, a white shirt, a school tie and a dark blue jumper. At some schools, the pupils wear blazers – that is, a jacket in school colours with the school badge on the pocket

8 Stages of Education Primary education age (5-11) Secondary Education ( ) Higher Education (18+)

9 Education system in the UK

10 Some general facts School is compulsory to all children at the age of 5-16 Most children and young people in the UK are educated in state funded schools financed through the tax system and so parents do not pay directly for the cost of education.

11 Primary school - for pupils aged 4/5-11 (Years 1-6) Though schooling is only compulsory from age 5 in the UK, children most commonly enter Reception Class aged 4 in the academic year in which they will reach their 5th birthday. The remaining years are called Year 1, Year 2, and so forth up to year 6. At the end of the Infant School (age 7), pupils sit Key Stage 1 [SATs]. Key Stage 2 SATs are taken at the end of Year 6, when pupils are aged 11.

12 Secondary education I – Ages 11–13 (School years 7–9) Secondary school From the age of 11 to 14 students in British state and private schools study a broad range of 10–15 subjects that usually follow the guidelines of the National Curriculum (a countrys official programme of what children must learn at school). No public examinations are taken during this time.

13 Secondary education II - Ages 14–16 ( School years 10–11) Secondary school graduation (GCSE) – Traditionally, at the age of 14 students start a programme that lasts for 2 years and during which time they study 5–10 subjects of their choice. After this two year period, students take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) state examinations. Passing GCSE exams qualifies students to continue on a two- year A-level programme for university preparation

14 Whats next? At this stage (at the age of 16) students may choose to leave school or to continue school. Further education (FE) Students may choose to attend the Further Education Colleges where a student might follow the National Vocational Qualification programme instead of A levels Further Education Colleges, however, are open to everyone, and those who wish to re-sit their examinations to improve their school-leaving qualifications as well as adult returners. Some specialist further education colleges known as Sixth Form Colleges focus on school level qualifications.

15 University preparation - (AS/A level) – Ages 16–17 (School years 12–13) At the age of 16 studenta can start a 2 year programme which leads to A (Advanced) level examinations. 3 or 4 subjects that are usually relevant to the degree subject they wish to follow at university. At the end of year 1 students take AS level examinations. They continue with three or four of these subjects in year 2 and convert them into full A level qualifications at the end of the year. A levels are state examinations and are recognised by all UK universities and by institutions worldwide.

16 Higher education (university) Undergraduate degree programmes (bachelors degree) – Age18+ A British bachelors degree normally takes three years to complete and most are awarded at honours level. BA (Bachelor of Arts) BEng (Bachelor of Engineering) BSc (Bachelor of Science)

17 Oxford University Studying at Oxford University

18 Postgraduate degree programmes (masters degree) – Ages 21+ Postgraduate courses in the UK are very intensive. This means that the courses are usually much shorter than in other countries. A masters degree typically takes 12 months to complete. MA – Master of Arts MEng – Master of Engineering MBA - Master of Business Administration

19 Education issues today Quality Shortage of teachers Low status of teachers (Oscars) Social justice issue Foreign languages Uniform Lauren in French class

20 Summerhill Boarding School Founded in 1923 by the educationalist A.S Neill Children learn when they want to better to be a happy streetsweeper rather than a miserable professional Children themselves make the rules Lessons are not compulsory Imagine a school...

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