3 Schools State schools Private schools 3 stages of education: Compulsary from 5 till 16State schools- are free-schools providetheir pupils with books and equipmentfor their studiesabout 93 percent of all childrenPrivate schools(Independent schools)-parents pay money for these schoolsabout 7 percent of all children3 stages of education:PRIMARY (5-11)SECONDARY (11-16)FURTHER (16-18)
4 State and Public schools The great majority of children (about 9 million) attend Britain’s 30,500 state schools. No tuition fees are payable in any of them. A further 600,000 go to 2,500 private schools, often referred to as the “independent sector” where the parents have to pay for their childrenFettes CollegeEton school
6 The Nursery schools The infant school The Junior school A nursery school is not compulsary and for children between the ages of three and five, staffed by qualified teachers. Children are taught to sing, draw, they play different creative games.The infant schoolThe first school is the infant school, for children between five and seven. At this stage the children become acquainted with the Reading, Writing and Arithmetic in the form of games.The Junior schoolThe Junior school is for children aged seven to eleven. Towards the end of their fourth year in the junior school, a certain percentage of English schoolchildren still have to write their “11+” Examinations
7 Secondary SchoolsThe grammar school provided a traditional literary and scientific education up to the age of eighteen, it gives pupils the more academic education, and prepares them for entry to universities.The secondary modern school provides a general education, including much instruction of a practical sort, up to the age of fifteen only, when the children leave school to go to work.The Technical school providing technical education up to the age of eighteen, was established by the Educational Act of 1944, but as yet there are very few schools of this type.Comprehensive schoolComprehensive schools admit children of all abilities and provide a wide range of secondary education for all or most of the children in a district. The comprehensive system aims to develop the gifts of all children to the full, to reveal those who often remain unsuspected under the old system, and to raise the standards of all children.
8 Secondary SchoolsAfter six years of primary education children take exams in core subjects and go to a secondary school.Children study compulsory (core) subjects:English, LiteratureMathematicsIT (information technology)Religious Educationand optional courses:one foreign languageone science subjectone art subjectHistoryGeographyPE (physical education)Design and Technology
9 G.C.S.E. exam continue their studies in the sixth form (2 years) can leave school if they wish:go to a college of further education to study for more practical (vocational) diplomas relating to the world of work, such as hairdressing, typing or mechanicsworkAbout two thirds of the pupilscontinue their studies in the sixth form (2 years)About one-third
10 years oldSixth Formchoose 4-5 subjects, which are necessary to pass the advanced level examshave further examinations which are necessary for getting into university or collegeare prepared for a national exam called "A" level (advanced level) (after the first year)"A 2" level (after the second year)IB (International Baccalaureate)
11 SCHOOL UNIFORMA lot of people think that school uniforms in England are for the children from rich families at the country’s best schools.But it isn’t always true.In fact, uniforms first came to schools for poor because they were cheaper.Today a lot of British schools have uniforms. Usually they differ only in colours but include a blazer, a pullover, a shirt (a blouse), trousers (a skirt), tights or socks, shoes and boots, a scarf and gloves of a certain colour, a cap or a hat. School badge is on a cap and on a blazer’s pocket.One of the most important elements of the uniform is a school tie.