2 The major argument at the Constitutional Convention between the the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists was over the role of the—A. indentured servants.B. women’s suffrage.C. monetary currency.D. Federal government.
4 2Although the United States Supreme Court stated that the Cherokee Nation in the state of Georgia could not be forcibly removed, the state ignored the ruling and forcibly removed them anyway. Which of the following represents a reason Cherokee people were forced off their landin the state of Georgia?A. Georgia felt concerned for the welfare of the Cherokee.B. Georgia wanted the lands for wheat production.C. Georgia wanted to develop a tourist industry.D. Georgia wanted the land to grow more cotton and gold had been recently found in the state of Georgia.
5 Answer 2D. Georgia wanted the land to grow more cotton and gold had been recently found in the state of Georgia.
6 3The 1823 declaration that stated the countries of the Western Hemisphere would no longer be regarded “as subjects for future colonization by any European powers” was the—Monroe Doctrine.Anti-Colonization Treaty.C. Adams-Onis Treaty.D. Washington’s Farewell Address.
8 Question 4Which excerpt of the Constitution expresses the principle of federalism?A. “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States “.B. “The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate”.C. “The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior”.D. “The powers not delegated to the United States…are reserved to the States respectively”.
9 Answer 4D. “The powers not delegated to the United States…are reserved to the States respectively”.
10 5Which of the following was a defining characteristic of the Era of Good Feelings?A. The United States ceded territory to Great Britain in an attempt to avoid war.B. There was a renewed sense of nationalism.C. Evangelical revivalists challenged religious traditionalists.D. Many states called for a restructuring of the federal government.
11 Answer 5B. There was a renewed sense of nationalism
12 6Many Americans protested the United States’ war with Mexico and thought it was unnecessary because they said it was primarily a war— A. for renewable resourcesB. protecting AmericaC. against slaveryD. to gain territory
15 8The Declaration of Independence shares which of the following with the Magna Carta? A. Emphasized the importance of military power.B. Further empowerment of the government.C. Limited influence of the legislature.D. Certain rights were assured by the government.
16 Answer 8D. Certain rights were assured by the government.
17 9 Which of the following characterized the First Great Awakening? A. Fiery sermons by religious leaders like Jonathon Edwards.B. Growth of religious enthusiasm throughout the colonies.C. The founding of new colleges and universities.D. All of the above.
19 He has made judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices and the amount and payment of their salaries---Declaration of Independence.Which of the following was created in response to the grievance above?A. National TreasuryB. Presidential CabinetC. Electoral CollegeD. Supreme Court
23 11The significance of the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison is that—A. it established the power of the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional.B. it greatly strengthened state’s rights.C. it upheld the constitutionality of the National Bank.D. it established the separate by equal principle.
24 Answer 11A. it established the power of the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional.
25 12 An “unalienable right” refers to a right that— A. cannot be granted by the government.B. cannot be involuntarily forfeited by a United States citizen.C. can apply only to citizens of other countries.D. cannot be taken away without due process.
26 Answer 12D. cannot be taken away without due process.
27 13Thomas Hooker’s Fundamental Orders of Connecticut is considered one of the first documents that laid the foundation for with of the following?A. ColonialismB. Absolute RuleC. Self-governmentD. Socialism
29 14Which of the following founding fathers is considered the architect of the U.S. Constitution who laid out a plan to govern the country through the separation of powers?Abraham LincolnBenjamin FranklinC. James MadisonD. Dred Scott
31 Question 15Alexander Hamilton created a three part plan to pay off the national debt:1.pay off all war debts2. raise the government revenue3. create a National BankAs a result of gaining Southern support for this plan—A. Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson forged a political allianceB. the nation’s capital was relocated between Virginia and MarylandC. Hamilton lost out on running in the Presidential election of 1790D. Thomas Jefferson was given Northern support for the Presidency
32 Answer 15B. the nation’s capital was relocated between Virginia and Maryland
33 16During the famous exchange at Jefferson’s birthday dinner party, Andrew Jackson toasted, “Our Federal Union–it must be preserved” John C. Calhoun replied with his own toast, “The Union–next to our liberty the most dear.” These remarks were meant to address—A. That sectionalism was to be respectedB. The federal union versus states rightsC. The lack of respect for Native American landsD. The promotion of manifest destiny
34 Answer 16B. The federal union versus states rights
35 17 George Washington created the Judiciary Act of 1789 resulting in— A. Thomas Jefferson being elected to Vice PresidentB. the formation of Washington’s first cabinetC. the creation of a National Bank by Alexander HamiltonD. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
36 Answer 17D. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
37 18Which of the following was the primary reason Alexander Hamilton urged Congress to pass a protective tariff?A. To protect the cotton industry in the SouthB. To support Southern imports.C. To encourage citizens to buy European productsD. To encourage citizens to buy American products
38 D. To encourage citizens to buy American products
39 19John C. Calhoun’s influence with Southern voters eventually resulted in the—A. ending of the Protective Tariff and passage of the Nullification DoctrineB. formation of the Democratic-Republican and Federalist political partiesC. acceptance of the Federal government over states rights issuesD. threaten of secession of South Carolina from the United States
40 Answer 19A. ending of the Protective Tariff and passage of the Nullification Doctrine
41 20What did Patrick Henry mean when he said that he “smelled a rat in Philadelphia tending towards monarchy?”A. he suspected the Confederation Congress would soon name Washington as KingB. he considered the people of Philadelphia to be Loyalists and traitorsC. he believed the Constitutional Convention would create a national government that was too strongD. he feared that the Confederation Congress might return the U.S. to the King of England
42 Answer 20C. he believed the Constitutional Convention would create a national government that was too strong
43 21The War of 1812 has been described by some historians as a “Second War of Independence.” This is because the War of 1812—A. freed the people of the Louisiana territory from the tyranny of French ruleB. resulted in the abolition of slavery in all of the territory controlled by the United StatesC. demonstrated that the United States could defend itself against attack by European nationsD. inspired the people of the United States to overthrow the government and write a new constitution
44 Answer 21C. demonstrated that the United States could defend itself against attack by European nations
45 22 How did Washington’s Farewell Address impact foreign policy? A. it made government officials unhappyB. it caused Europe to distrust AmericaC. it changed the perception of AmericaD. it encouraged America to remain neutral
46 Answer #22D. it encouraged America to remain neutral
47 23Which President’s election was characterized by a belief in the common man and an increase in voter participation?A. James MonroeB. Andrew JacksonC. John Quincy AdamsD. William H. Harrison
49 24President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils system increased democracy in the federal government because itA. removed property-holding qualifications for votingB. limited the role of the electoral college in presidential electionsC. allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold officeD. used nominating conventions to pick political party candidates
50 Answer 24C. allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office
51 President Andrew Jackson was involved in— 25President Andrew Jackson was involved in—A. confronting North Carolina’s protective tariff nullificationB. vetoing a bill to recharter the Bank of the United StatesC. defending Native American rights around GeorgiaD. defending the U.S. southern border during the Mexican War
52 Answer 25B. vetoing a bill to recharter the Bank of the United States
53 26In response to the Supreme Court decision in the case of Worcester v. Georgia, Andrew Jackson said, “John Marshall made his decision …now let him enforce it.”Why was this decision significant to Andrew Jackson?A. The decision that slaves were property of their owner and can be bought, sold, and transported as such.B. The decision that established judicial review, thereby saying that the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional.C. The decision that Cherokee cannot be forced off their lands as a result of the Indian Removal Act.D. The decision that set a standard for dividing and surveying western territories.
54 Answer 26. The decision that Cherokee cannot be forced off their lands as a result of the Indian Removal Act.
55 27In 1787, Ohio acquires statehood to become our 17th state of the United States. Which of the following legislature provided for the basis of Ohio’s statehood?A. Land Ordinance of 1785B. Proclamation of 1763C. Northwest Ordinance of 1787D. Treaty of Paris of 1783
57 28 What was an economic reason for the belief in Manifest Destiny? A. Americans wanted to move west to make sure that other countries did not get there firstB. Land speculators bought large parcels of land and sold it to settlers for a profitC. Settlers helped Native Americans build homes, schools, and hospitals in their reservationsD. Religious groups like the Mormons moved west to escape religious persecution
58 Answer 28B. Land speculators bought large parcels of land and sold it to settlers for a profit
59 29Which one of the following complicated the process of California becoming a state?A. Native Americans and Californians allied themselves against the United StatesB. California’s admission as a free state would outnumber slave statesC. California miners hunted down and killed many Native AmericansD. African Americans fought against the Native Americans and the Californians
60 Answer 29B. California’s admission as a free state would outnumber slave states
61 30Our manifest destiny [is] to overspread and possess the whole of the continent which Providence [God] has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and …self governmentJohn O’Sullivan, “United States Magazine and Democratic Review”These remarks best reflect the point of view of which U.S. President—A. John AdamsB. William HarrisonC. James K. PolkD. Abraham Lincoln