Presentation on theme: "Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X"— Presentation transcript:
1Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X Civil Rights Activists
2Basic Views of Martin Luther King, Jr. Preached the ideas of Mahatma GandhiNon-violence, least resistanceBelieved in equality of the races; unity of all people“The time is always right to do what is right.” – MLK, Jr.
3Basic Views of Malcolm X Rejected both integration and racial equalityCalled for separation, black pride and self- dependencePreached force and violence“by any means necessary”
4Childhood Martin Luther King, Jr. Malcolm X Born – Michael Luther King, Jr. on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, GABooker T. Washington High SchoolEarly admission to Morehouse College in 1944 at age 15Received his PhD. In Systematic Theology from Boston University in 1955, age of 26Born – Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, NEGrew up in Lansing, MI after family home burned by KKKFather murdered in 1931Mother put into a mental hospital in 1939Spent youth in detention homesMoved in with sister in Boston
5Timeline for Malcolm X1946 – arrested and imprisoned for burglary in MA; embraces ideas of Black Muslim faith (Nation of Islam) and converts
6Read and copied dictionary; read extensively Released in 1952; takes name Malcolm X to rid himself of his slave nameMeets Elijah Muhammad, the current leader of the Black MuslimsMalcolm X becomes their most popular speakerVideo clip:
7Dec. 1963 - Suspended for comments made regarding death of John F Dec Suspended for comments made regarding death of John F. KennedyMarch, 1964 – Malcolm X leaves Nation of Islam, starts Muslim Mosque, Inc.
8Malcolm X makes holy pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca (western city in Saudi Arabia) Realizes Muslims are all races; united by common beliefs
9Assassination of Malcolm X February 21, 1965 – Malcolm X is killed at a rally in New York City; three Black Muslims are convicted for the murder
10Timeline for Martin Luther King, Jr. 1955 – elected president of Montgomery Improvement Association – helped with the bus boycott
11Arrested in AlabamaApril, 1963 – arrested for protesting. Wrote about his concerns and criticized the pace of justice of civil rights for Black Americans in “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”
12“I Have a Dream”August 28, 1963 – after meeting with President John F. Kennedy, King delivers the “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an estimated 250,000
13King earns the Nobel Peace Prize 1964 – for his efforts; prize money ($54,600) turned over to further the movement
14Assassination of KingApril 4, 1968 – on a balcony at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TNKilled by James Earl Ray