Presentation on theme: "Malcolm X. Born Malcolm Little Omaha, Nebraska- 1925 Father was a Baptist minister. – Supporter of Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association."— Presentation transcript:
Born Malcolm Little Omaha, Nebraska Father was a Baptist minister. – Supporter of Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association.
Family moved to Lansing, Michigan. While in Michigan, Malcolm's father killed by KKK. His mother was committed to a mental institution.
Malcom's transition. Dropped out after the eighth grade, he began selling and using drugs, & burglary. 1946, was sentenced to a ten-year prison term on burglary charges.
While in prison he learned about Black Muslim [NOI]sect. headed by Elijah Muhammad. They accepted the basic argument that evil was an inherent characteristic of the "white man's Christian world." Unlike Muhammad, Malcolm called white people "devils,"
Malcolm becomes too outspoken. He was eventually suspended from the Black Muslim movement by Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm formed his own organizations, the Organization of Afro-American Unity and the Muslim Mosque Inc.
The Hajj. In 1964 he made a pilgrimage to Mecca, and adopted the name El-Hajj Malik El Shabazz. This was a turning point for him. Pre-Mecca Malcolm; Post Mecca Malcolm.
His views changed. He also adopted views that were not popular with other black nationalists. – Not all whites were evil – that blacks could make gains by working through established channels.
As a result of Malcolm's new views, he became the victim of death threats. In 1965, Malcolm was shot and killed in Harlem, while preparing to speak. Three of the men arrested were later identified as members of the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm's legacy. The memory and image of Malcolm X has changed as much after his death as his own philosophies changed during his life. – At first thought to be a violent fanatic. – he is now understood as an advocate of self- help, self-defense, and education.