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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT January 2009 Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

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Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT January 2009 Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)"— Presentation transcript:

1 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT January 2009 Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

2 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ISSUES SECURITY ISSUES Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

3 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION – This presentation will cover the requirements for managing hazardous materials in the laboratory and university setting. This includes the use, handling, storage, and generation of hazardous waste. Finally, we will discuss security and unauthorized entries. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

4 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM POLLUTION PREVENTION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

5 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT Each lab must develop as part of their chemical hygiene plan a standing operating procedure for management of hazardous materials in their labs. This is called an Environmental Management System. This System includes but is not limited to receiving, storing, and proper use of materials in each individual and unique lab. Also, the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)/Chemical Hygiene Plan should include waste minimization, use of personal protective equipment, and environmental training. Environmental training includes waste labeling, storing, and responding to chemical spills. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

6 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Policy Planning Implementation Quality Assurance and Control Health and Safety Policy Reviews Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

7 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM The TU Office of Environmental Health and Safety (OEHS) has developed policies and procedures for the management of hazardous materials and waste located at These policies include the advanced planning of purchasing chemicals, storage, use, and disposal. The planning process should include the development of safety procedures, steps to ensure hazardous material control, and the review of university policies. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

8 POLLUTION PREVENTION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION Waste Stream Assessment Reduce and Eliminate Substitute Recycle Treatment Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

9 POLLUTION PREVENTION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION One of the goals of a Environmental Management System is to reduce the amount of hazardous waste that each generator produces. There are several ways in which hazardous waste can be reduced and/or eliminated: –Reduce by reducing size of experiments and/or research. – Try to achieve the same desired effects with minimal amounts of chemicals being used. –Eliminate the use of hazardous materials in a particular step or procedure. –Substitute to a less toxic material. –Reuse/recycle unused chemicals within a department. –Add a step to your experiment that will neutralize and detoxify the hazardous material. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

10 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE Only store compatibles together; consult the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Use approved flammable liquid storage cabinets for solvents Rotate inventory Inspect ether and perchloric acid containers for integrity and do not store past six months Do not store hazardous materials behind doors or near ignition sources such as open flames, ovens and oxidizing chemicals Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

11 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

12 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT Generators that store hazardous waste in containers must manage their containers in such a manner that they will not cause incidents involving hazardous materials. Eight simple steps outline the “Best Management Practices for Hazardous Waste Containers.” Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

13 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT 1. Identify all hazardous wastes 2.Do not mix incompatible wastes (i.e., acids and bases, or solvents and radioactive wastes) 3.Put waste in compatible containers and containers that are in good condition 4.Label waste as “hazardous waste” Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

14 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT 5. Remove any labels that were previously on the waste container 6.Keep container closed when you are not putting waste into it 7.Separate and/or put a barrier between incompatible waste (don’t store acids and bases together) 8.Dispose of hazardous waste in a timely manner; contact Hazardous Waste Supervisor for instructions per campus Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

15 MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES ELEMENTARY NEUTRALIZATIONS RECYCLING TREATMENT OF WASTE –PRECIPITATION OF HEAVY METALS –OXIDATION/REDUCTION Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

16 MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES Other management practices for hazardous waste include acid/base neutralizations, recycling chemicals to those who can use them throughout each campus and department, and basic oxidations/reductions to reduce toxicity of hazardous materials such as Ethidium Bromide. All neutralization and oxidation reactions must be reviewed by OEHS. Check with the Manager of Chemical Safety or the Hazardous Waste Supervisor for further information. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

17 ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING Required by Federal and State Regulations University Policy and Procedures Reduces incidents involving Hazardous Materials Saves lives and property Reduces personal liability Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

18 ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING Anyone that uses hazardous materials and generates hazardous waste is required to receive environmental training under federal and state regulations. The training will help ensure that each employee understands and knows that policies and procedures have been written to address the use of hazardous materials in a university setting. Also, training helps reduce and/or eliminate incidents involving hazardous materials. Training helps save lives and property and reduces personal liability. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

19 HAZARDOUS WASTE ISSUES WATER DISCHARGES HAZARDOUS WASTE NON-HAZARDOUS WASTE BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL WASTE RADIOACTIVE WASTE HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

20 HAZARDOUS WASTE ISSUES There are many types of hazardous wastes that are generated. Each generator must assess the different types of waste streams (categories of waste) that is generated. Also, when assessing the waste streams, each generator should also develop a spill response procedure for each type of hazardous material they use, store, and handle. Users should consult MSDS on storage recommendations for hazardous materials. Do not store according to alphabetical order, this may not be compatible order. Store according to hazard. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

21 WATER DISCHARGE ISSUES Mixing of Hazardous Materials with cooling water Discharging wastewater into sewer systems Discharging hazardous materials into drainage systems Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

22 WATER DISCHARGE If you use water in your experiments to cool and/or condensate, ensure that all connecting tubes are secured to prevent mixing with chemicals. Do not dilute; “Dilution is not the Solution” to hazardous materials disposal. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

23 HAZARDOUS WASTE ISSUES Proper labeling of hazardous waste Proper storage of hazardous waste Mixing of non-compatibles Closed containers when not adding waste Dispose of waste in timely manner Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

24 HAZARDOUS WASTE All hazardous waste that is generated at the university must be properly labeled according to federal and state regulations. All waste must be labeled with the words, “ Hazardous Waste” and each waste must be identified. For example, acid waste must be identified as, hydrochloric, sulfuric, nitric, etc. DO NOT label the container as “ ACID WASTE.” Also, waste must be properly stored, not on floors, behind doors, not in incompatible containers and with other materials that will cause a reaction. All containers must remain capped and closed when not adding waste to the containers. Generated waste in each work area must be disposed within 30 days of generation. Contact Hazardous Waste Supervisor at or call Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

25 HAZARDOUS WASTE Improper storage of hazardous waste; waste was abandoned in lab. If researcher is leaving the university, he/she must fill out a laboratory close-out form located at the OEHS website. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

26 HAZARDOUS WASTE Abandoned and unlabeled hazardous waste Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

27 Improper storage of hazardous materials and waste. Fume hood is cluttered, paper products are located with materials that can cause a reaction. There is evidence of a hazardous material spill within the hood. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

28 Improper storage of materials in a refrigerator and unlabeled containers Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

29 Cluttered fume hood, spilled hazardous materials, unlabeled and improperly labeled containers Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

30 Improperly stored hazardous materials have caused a reaction to the plumbing of the lab sink. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

31 HAZARDOUS WASTE Hazardous Waste Improperly Labeled and Stored Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

32 WASTE DISPOSAL POLICIES TNPRC There are special procedures for rinsing glassware and hazardous materials containers at TNPRC. Procedures are designed to comply with local, state and federal regulations concerning TNPRC on-site treatment facilities. Procedures ensure that no hazardous materials are disposed via the sewer disposal systems Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

33 TNPRC PROCEDURES Hazardous materials are not to be disposed via the solid waste or sewer disposal systems. This includes but is not limited to toxic, flammable, corrosive, reactive and radioactive materials. All containers that previously contained hazardous materials must be rinsed, and the first rinse must be collected and then disposed as hazardous waste. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

34 TNPRC PROCEDURES For laboratory glassware that is cleaned with water, the first rinse water must be collected as hazardous waste and placed in a compatible hazardous waste container. Empty containers that have been rinsed can be disposed as non-hazardous waste. All hazardous wastes are to be labeled, containerized and closed unless waste is being added to the container. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

35 NON-HAZARDOUS WASTE ISSUES Empty Containers Paper Products and Packaging Used Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Broken Glass and Pipettes Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

36 NON-HAZARDOUS WASTE ISSUES Materials that are not considered hazardous waste must be disposed as solid waste. Empty containers must have the labels defaced or removed. Paper products that are not saturated with hazardous materials and/or biomedical waste can be disposed as non-hazardous waste. Broken glass and pipettes must be placed in a broken glass rigid disposal container. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

37 BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL WASTE Containers or glassware contaminated with biological hazards must be placed in an approved medical waste disposal container. These must be clearly marked as “ Medical Waste” and with the international biohazard symbol. Sharps (syringes, scalpels, blades) must be placed in a sharps container. DO NOT place in plastic bags, cardboard boxes, metal cans and/or old paint cans. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

38 BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL WASTE Blood, blood products, viruses, body fluids, and potential pathogenic materials are considered Biomedical Waste and must be disposed by an approved medical waste disposal company. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

39 RADIOACTIVE WASTE Radioisotope Disposal Licenses Scintillation Solvents For radioisotope disposal, contact Charles Reindl, Radiation Safety Officer at Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

40 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS Prevention Preparation Spill Occurrence Spill Containment Post-Spill Activities Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

41 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS Incidents involving hazardous materials do occur. A well, carefully written plan to respond to these incidents must be developed for your work area. Everyone that handles, uses and stores hazardous materials must have “ Spill Response Training.” The best way to respond to an incident involving hazardous materials is to prevent it from happening. Proper handling, storing and using will prevent spills from occurring. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

42 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS Notify others in the immediate area of the spill Secure area (i.e., close door, pull fume hood sash down) Activate fire alarm if a fire occurs Contact Tulane Police Contact OEHS for notification & further instructions Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

43 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

44 HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS Each work area should have a small spill response kit. This kit should include chemical absorbent pads, gloves, goggles and/or safety glasses, and neutralizing materials. Consult the MSDS on proper clean up and absorbing materials for each chemical you use. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

45 Mercury Spills Contain the spilled materials Put on protective clothing such as gloves and disposable gowns. Absorb with an approved absorbent Clean up the absorbed material and place it in an enclosed container. Label the container as Hazardous Waste/Mercury Contact OEHS for notification & disposal Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

46 Mercury Spills Small broken thermometers can be contained in a small jar and/or beaker. Use Mercury Spill Kits for small spills (less than 8 oz). Large spills from equipment and instrumentation must be reported to OEHS. Mercury breaks into small beads and these can spread and are hard to see and detect. OEHS has a special mercury vacuum pump for spill cleanup and a survey instrument to measure the level of mercury in the ambient air. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

47 Security of Hazardous Materials Security Guidelines Chemical and Biological Agents Summary Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

48 Security of Hazardous Materials EPA and Homeland Security regulations require facilities to develop security measures for the storage and use of hazardous materials. Each area must assess the potential hazards of the chemical and biological materials. If you use Select Agents, contact the TU Biosafety Officer. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

49 PURPOSE Work area supervisors need to take specific actions in order to provide security against theft of highly hazardous materials. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

50 Security Guidelines Recognize that security is related to but different from safety. Develop a site-specific security policy Control access to areas where hazardous materials are stored Know who is in the area Secure highly hazardous materials Have an emergency plan Take precautions, know what is in your area and who belongs there! Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

51 Chemical and Biological Agents List highly hazardous and biological materials on Chemical Hygiene Plans and inventories Follow recommended safety guidelines by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

52 Chemical and Biological Agents If biological and select agents are stored in your work area, you must have approval from the TU Biosafety Officer. Storage, use, handling and disposal of these materials have specific regulations and guidelines for shipping, receiving, use and disposal. For further information, contact the Biosafety Officer. Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

53 Summary – Security Issues Look out for these important areas of concern: –Unlocked labs and other work areas –Unrestricted areas –Unlocked support areas –Toxic gas security –Biological materials not secured –Substantial changes in inventory –Storeroom security Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

54 Summary Pre-plan Minimize waste Store and handle hazardous materials properly Properly manage and use hazardous waste containers Provide training of personnel Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

55 SUMMARY Be familiar with the following: –Proper labeling and storage of hazardous waste –DO NOT mix incompatible chemicals –Close containers when not adding waste –Dispose of waste in timely manner Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS)

56 Tulane University Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) Bruce McClue (504) If unable to proceed to quiz, type the link below into your browser https://pandora.tcs.tulane.edu/ehs/enterssn.cfm?testnum=44 Proceed to Quiz


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