Presentation on theme: "Prepared by: Chemical Laboratory General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D. Presented to Chemistry by: Chemistry Safety Committee Laura Frost, Chair."— Presentation transcript:
Prepared by: Chemical Laboratory General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D. Presented to Chemistry by: Chemistry Safety Committee Laura Frost, Chair Feb. 8, 2008
Laboratory Safety General Awareness Why is this so important
Course Overview It’s Your Responsibility! Regulation and Policy Laboratory Waste Management Biological Waste Management Spills/ Emergencies Photos – what is wrong/right here?
It’s Your Responsibility!
Who is Responsible for Laboratory Safety? Legal Counsel Public Safety President Environmental Safety Lab. Workers Students Dept. Safety InspectorOcc. Safety Inspector
Regulation and Policy
* Comply with regulations * Minimize adverse impact to environment and community * Continually reduce impacts through pollution prevention * Educate and train on programs and procedures * Monitor performance
Regulation and Policy Deficiency Poor housekeeping Poor Hazmat Mgt Poor Waste Mgt Notification Department Chair and Generator Correction of Deficiencies IF Not Notification of the Dir. of Public Safety Monitor Performance through Inspections
Regulation & Policy Enforcement What can happen if we are not in compliance? Fines (NOV) Prosecution Loss of Research funding
Laboratory Waste Management
THE GOALS: Define waste Discuss proper management of different types of waste
Hazardous Waste Identification Corrosive Ignitable Reactive Toxic Listed Declared (Aged / Not used) Wastes are considered hazardous if they exhibit one or more of the following characteristics:
Container Management Containers should be: – Compatible with waste – Needs to be clean – Sturdy, leak proof – Closed, tight-fitting cap – Appropriate size – Under control of person producing waste – Labeled with hazardous waste label – Waste must be identified
Hazardous Waste Labeling Labels – Identify hazardous waste – List all components – Identify hazard properties
Hazardous Waste Accumulation Area Laboratories are SAP Mark area clearly Proper containers and labels Accumulation date: Date when container was started – Can not house container for more than 270 days (~ 9 mos.) Segregate incompatibles Secondary containment for liquid containers (excluding large jugs) Spill kit availability
Pick-up and Disposal ESS is responsible for retrieval, transport and disposal When full, arrange for immediate removal Call the Safety Department at 486- 7161 Container must be properly labeled Pick-up must be prepared by a knowledgeable user
Inventory all unwanted chemicals Fill out “Laboratory Clean-out Form” Mail, fax, or call Safety ESS will collaborate with you SAFETY FIRST!
Biomedical Waste Packaging Double-lined red biohazard bags In rigid containers Within weight limits (45 lbs.) Double tape bags when full Label with college label obtained from coordinating dept. Close container and triple tape seams Notify ESS @ 7161
Pharmaceutical Waste Management What is pharmaceutical waste? Separate from regular trash Label Call ESS for guidance on policy for your controlled substances
Pollution Prevention Strategy Reduced scale – “micro scale” experiments Reduced toxicity/chemical substitution Reuse & recovery of lab chemicals Detoxification – lab experiments that produce a less toxic/hazardous substance Computer modeling & simulations – demo experiments vs. chemical usage
Chemical Spill / Emergency Response
What would you do in the event of a spill?
Chemical Spill / Emergency Response Ascertain status of victims Notify Supervisor with information on the incident Serious Emergencies – Life threatening dial 9-1-1 (9-9- 1-1 from campus phone) [Automatically notifies GSU Public Safety] Otherwise Call Pub. Safety (5234) Wait to Assist Public Safety and all Responders Contain or limit the spill if it is very small Complete an Accident Report
Reminiscing the past...
That was then,
This is now
That was then,
This is now
Appropriate Waste Accumulation
Post a “Caution” sign listing major hazards at entrance door. Post a “Chemicals Only” sign on all refrigerators, microwave ovens, and ovens. Post a “Do Not Store Flammable” sign on all non-explosion proof refrigerators. Store all corrosive liquids in a secondary containment site (like a tray). “hazardous Waste” containers must be CAPPED/CLOSED all the time List major waste ingredients on the “waste container”. Segregate “waste” from substance still in use. Any employee using the lab must take the Right-To-Know online training before working in the lab. Update the chemical inventory for all substances with NFPA rating of 3 or 4 in any of the 4 categories. Keep MSDS information or a CD in the department office for all substance with an NFPA rating of 3 or 4. Call ESS (7161) if your fume hood does not have a 2007 certification tag. Flammable Organic waste goes into the Red Container Inorganic Heavy Metal waste goes into the White Container For all Other Waste label appropriately and close container Call 7161 for all waste removal
Where Does It Go?
Where to Get Help To get help, or to learn more: Call the Safety Department at 486-7161 List of environmental resources @ – http://services.georgiasouthern.edu/ess/ It’s your responsibility!