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Prepared by: Chemical Laboratory General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D. Presented to Chemistry by: Chemistry Safety Committee Laura Frost, Chair.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by: Chemical Laboratory General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D. Presented to Chemistry by: Chemistry Safety Committee Laura Frost, Chair."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by: Chemical Laboratory General Safety Awareness Francois D. Song, Ph.D. Presented to Chemistry by: Chemistry Safety Committee Laura Frost, Chair Feb. 8, 2008

2 Laboratory Safety General Awareness Why is this so important

3 Course Overview  It’s Your Responsibility!  Regulation and Policy  Laboratory Waste Management  Biological Waste Management  Spills/ Emergencies  Photos – what is wrong/right here?

4 It’s Your Responsibility!

5 Who is Responsible for Laboratory Safety? Legal Counsel Public Safety President Environmental Safety Lab. Workers Students Dept. Safety InspectorOcc. Safety Inspector

6 Regulation and Policy

7 * Comply with regulations * Minimize adverse impact to environment and community * Continually reduce impacts through pollution prevention * Educate and train on programs and procedures * Monitor performance

8 Regulation and Policy  Deficiency  Poor housekeeping  Poor Hazmat Mgt  Poor Waste Mgt  Notification  Department Chair and Generator  Correction of Deficiencies  IF Not  Notification of the Dir. of Public Safety Monitor Performance through Inspections

9 Regulation & Policy Enforcement What can happen if we are not in compliance?  Fines (NOV)  Prosecution  Loss of Research funding

10 Laboratory Waste Management

11 THE GOALS:  Define waste  Discuss proper management of different types of waste

12 Hazardous Waste Identification  Corrosive  Ignitable  Reactive  Toxic  Listed  Declared (Aged / Not used) Wastes are considered hazardous if they exhibit one or more of the following characteristics:

13 Waste Characterization  Checklist in Guidebook (RCRA)3  Mixed waste? – Organic Mixed > 10% aqueous organic – Aqueous Mixed > 10% organic – Non-halogenated Waste < 10% halogen present  Specific hazardous wastes? – Note if waste is extremely toxic  Radioactive Waste?  Additional Questions? – Call ESS @ 486-7161

14 Container Management  Containers should be: – Compatible with waste – Needs to be clean – Sturdy, leak proof – Closed, tight-fitting cap – Appropriate size – Under control of person producing waste – Labeled with hazardous waste label – Waste must be identified

15 Hazardous Waste Labeling  Labels – Identify hazardous waste – List all components – Identify hazard properties

16 Hazardous Waste Accumulation Area Laboratories are SAP  Mark area clearly  Proper containers and labels  Accumulation date: Date when container was started – Can not house container for more than 270 days (~ 9 mos.)  Segregate incompatibles  Secondary containment for liquid containers (excluding large jugs)  Spill kit availability

17 Pick-up and Disposal  ESS is responsible for retrieval, transport and disposal  When full, arrange for immediate removal  Call the Safety Department at 486- 7161  Container must be properly labeled  Pick-up must be prepared by a knowledgeable user

18 Chemical Clean-Out

19  Inventory all unwanted chemicals  Fill out “Laboratory Clean-out Form”  Mail, fax, or call Safety  ESS will collaborate with you  SAFETY FIRST!

20 Biological Waste Management

21  Biomedical – biohazardous – infectious – pathological – “sharps”  Animal

22 Biomedical Waste Packaging  Double-lined red biohazard bags  In rigid containers  Within weight limits (45 lbs.)  Double tape bags when full  Label with college label obtained from coordinating dept.  Close container and triple tape seams  Notify ESS @ 7161

23 Pharmaceutical Waste Management  What is pharmaceutical waste?  Separate from regular trash  Label  Call ESS for guidance on policy for your controlled substances

24 Pollution Prevention Strategy  Reduced scale – “micro scale” experiments  Reduced toxicity/chemical substitution  Reuse & recovery of lab chemicals  Detoxification – lab experiments that produce a less toxic/hazardous substance  Computer modeling & simulations – demo experiments vs. chemical usage

25 Chemical Spill / Emergency Response

26 What would you do in the event of a spill?

27 Chemical Spill / Emergency Response  Ascertain status of victims  Notify Supervisor with information on the incident  Serious Emergencies – Life threatening dial 9-1-1 (9-9- 1-1 from campus phone) [Automatically notifies GSU Public Safety]  Otherwise Call Pub. Safety (5234)  Wait to Assist Public Safety and all Responders  Contain or limit the spill if it is very small  Complete an Accident Report

28 Reminiscing the past...





33 That was then,

34 This is now

35 That was then,

36 This is now

37 Appropriate Waste Accumulation







44  Post a “Caution” sign listing major hazards at entrance door.  Post a “Chemicals Only” sign on all refrigerators, microwave ovens, and ovens.  Post a “Do Not Store Flammable” sign on all non-explosion proof refrigerators.  Store all corrosive liquids in a secondary containment site (like a tray).  “hazardous Waste” containers must be CAPPED/CLOSED all the time  List major waste ingredients on the “waste container”.  Segregate “waste” from substance still in use.  Any employee using the lab must take the Right-To-Know online training before working in the lab.  Update the chemical inventory for all substances with NFPA rating of 3 or 4 in any of the 4 categories.  Keep MSDS information or a CD in the department office for all substance with an NFPA rating of 3 or 4.  Call ESS (7161) if your fume hood does not have a 2007 certification tag.  Flammable Organic waste goes into the Red Container  Inorganic Heavy Metal waste goes into the White Container  For all Other Waste label appropriately and close container  Call 7161 for all waste removal


46 Where Does It Go?




50 Where to Get Help To get help, or to learn more:  Call the Safety Department at 486-7161  List of environmental resources @ – It’s your responsibility!

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