Your Fitness Plan The physical activities you choose depend on factors such as your fitness goals and the activities you like. Identifying a specific fitness goal is a good way to get motivated to get in shape.
Your Fitness Goals In Lesson 2, you learned how to measure your level of fitness. This knowledge can serve as a starting point for setting your fitness goals.
Personal Needs Factors that may affect the activities you choose to do to meet your personal fitness goals Cost Where You Live Your Schedule Your Fitness Level Your Overall Health Personal Safety
Types of Activities Choose different types of activity to meet specific fitness goals and to prevent boredom. Create a fitness journal to keep track of the fitness activities you do each day.
Moderate-Intensity Physical Activities Moderate-intensity physical activities count toward your daily dose of physical activity. Walking Climbing Stairs Household Chores Yard Work
Aerobic Activities Aerobic activity raises your heart rate. Aim for at least three 20-minute sessions each week of vigorous aerobic activity.
Aerobic Activities Cycling Brisk Walking Running DancingSkating Cross-Country Skiing Most Team Sports
Strength Training Strength training develops muscle tone. Aim for at least two or three sessions per week of 20 to 30 minutes each, with at least one day off between sessions.
Strength Training Rowing Cross-Country Skiing Pull-Ups Push-UpsCycling Running Skating
Flexibility Exercises Flexibility exercises include stretching for 10 to 12 minutes a day. Gymnastics Martial Arts Ballet Pilates Yoga Stretching
Principles of Building Fitness Effective fitness plans focus on four principles: specificity, overload, progression, and regularity. When designing your physical activity program, you will consider your needs and interests.
Principles of Building Fitness Choosing strength-training activities to build muscular strength is an example of specificity. Specificity Choosing the right types of activities to improve a given element of fitness
Principles of Building Fitness To overload is to increase the demands on your body in order to make it adapt and grow stronger. Overload Exercising at a level that’s beyond your regular daily activities
Principles of Building Fitness Progression is working a little harder or longer during each session, and more often during the week. Progression Gradually increasing the demands on your body
Principles of Building Fitness Regularity means working out on a regular basis. You need at least three balanced workouts a week to maintain your fitness level.
Stages of a Workout An exercise session has three stages: warm-up, workout, and cool-down. Using the three stages will get your body ready for physical activity and help you to avoid injuries.
Warm-Up The warm-up stage increases blood flow, delivering needed oxygen and fuel to your muscles, and increases your pulse rate and body temperature. Warm-up Gentle cardiovascular activity that prepares the muscles for work
Warm-Up To warm up, choose an activity that will work the same muscles you’re going to use during your workout. After warming up your muscles, take a few minutes to stretch to prepare your muscles for activity and increase your flexibility.
Workout Use the F.I.T.T. formula when planning your workout. Workout The part of an exercise session when you are exercising at your highest peak
Workout The F.I.T.T. Formula F I T T Frequency of workouts. Intensity of workouts. Type of Activity Time (duration) of workouts
Workout Schedule at least three exercise sessions a week, but give your body time to rest between workouts. Include other types of physical activity during the week to get an hour of activity each day. F Frequency of workouts.
Workout Push yourself hard enough to create overload. For aerobic activities, exercise within your target heart range. For strength training, you should feel strain on your muscles, but not pain. I Intensity of workouts.
Workout Vary your activities throughout the week to build different elements of fitness. If you jog Monday and Wednesday, try lifting weights on Tuesday and Thursday. T Type of Activity.
Workout To build cardiovascular fitness, keep your heart rate within your target range for at least 20 minutes. Strength-training sessions should take 20 to 30 minutes, while flexibility can be increased in just 10 minutes of stretching. T Time (duration) of workouts.
Cool-Down The cool-down allows your heart rate, breathing, and body temperature to return to normal gradually. Cool down Low-level activity that prepares your body to return to a resting state
Cool-Down Stretching your muscles helps prevent injuries.
Tracking Your Progress Track your progress to see how your fitness level increases over time. A fitness journal can help you track your progress.
Tracking Your Progress As your fitness level increases, your resting heart rate will drop. Resting heart rate The number of times your heart beats per minute when you are not active
Tracking Your Progress To check your resting heart rate, sit quietly for at least five minutes, take your pulse for 15 seconds, then multiply the result by four.
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Cost, where you live, schedule, fitness level, overall health, personal safety 1.What personal factors can affect your choice of physical activities?
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 2.What are the four principles of building fitness? Specificity, overload, progression, and regularity
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 3.What are the benefits of warming up before exercise and cooling down after exercise? It reduces strain on the heart and can help prevent muscle soreness.