Presentation on theme: "US History Chapter 6 – New Industrial Age. Turn to a Clean Sheet of Paper & Set It up Like This: Topics & Terms Notes Chapter # & Title Section # & Title."— Presentation transcript:
US History Chapter 6 – New Industrial Age
Turn to a Clean Sheet of Paper & Set It up Like This: Topics & Terms Notes Chapter # & Title Section # & Title
Section 1 – Expansion of Industry
Topic 1. Natural Resources Fuel Industrialization Black Gold – 1859 Edwin Drake – Steam Engine to drill for Oil – Used to make Kerosene then Gasoline for Cars Bessemer Steel Process – Large Supplies of Coal & Iron in the US – Bessemer Process Allowed Steel to be produced Quickly & Efficiently New Uses for Steel – Railroads, Barbed Wire, Farm Equipment, Bridges, Skyscrapers
Topic 2. Inventions Promote Change Power of Electricity – 1876 Thomas Edison opens laboratory at Menlo Park – 1890 Electricity was running Factories – Allowed Factories to be more mobile Inventions Change Lifestyles – 1867 Christopher Sholes – Typewriter – 1876 Alexander G. Bell – Telephone
Section 1 Summary: Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 1. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences. Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 1. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences.
Section 2 – Age of the Railroads
Topic 1. Railroads Span Time & Space National Network – May 10, 1869 Transcontinental Railroad Promontory, Utah Central Pacific & Union Pacific met – By K miles of track spanning the US Romance & Reality – Railroads met a new start for people – Union Pacific – Irish workers – Central Pacific – Chinese workers Railroad Time – 1883 US began using Time Zones – Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific
Topic 2. Opportunities & Opportunists New Towns & Markets – Railroads allowed Towns to Specialize and Grow Pullman – George Pullman created the Company Town Model Credit Mobilier – 1864 railroad construction scandal – Union Pacific pocketed $23 million in Stocks – Major Political officials were involved (VP-Colfax & future President Garfield)
Topic 3. The Grange & The Railroads Railroad Abuses – Misuse of Government Land Grants, Controlled Prices, Price Discrimination Granger Laws – 1877 Munn v. Illinois Supreme Court Supported Regulations on Railroad Companies Interstate Commerce Act – 1887 Interstate Commerce Act establishes Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) – ICC tries to control railroad prices Panic & Consolidation – By Banks & 15K Business had Failed – Large Financial Companies took over business
Section 2 Summary: Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 2. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences. Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 2. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences.
Section 3 – Big Business & Labor
Topic 1. Carnegies Innovations New Business Strategies – Efficiency in Production (New Machinery & Technology) to produce Cheaply – Hire Talented People – Vertical Integration – Buying out the Resources & Distribution components – Horizontal Integration – Buying out the Competition
Topic 2. Social Darwinism & Business Principles of Social Darwinism – Charles Darwins On the Origin of Species talks about Natural Selection – Business & Markets should not be Regulated by Government – The Best will Survive New Definition of Success – Hard work will be rewarded with success – The Poor are lazy or inferior
Topic 3. Fewer Control More Growth & Consolidation – Mergers – One Company Buying the Stock of another Company to Control it – Trusts – Different Companies Giving Stock Control over to a group of Trustees to Control the Industry Rockefeller & the Robber Barons – Rockefeller used Economic tactics (Economies of Scale) to force competitors out of business – Tycoons like Rockefeller & Carnegie donated hundreds of millions back to the community Sherman Antitrust Act – 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act made it illegal to form trust companies – Didnt work very well Business Boom Bypasses the South – Industrialization passed the South by
Topic 4. Labor Unions Emerge Long Hours & Danger – 12 or more hours per day (6 or 7 days a week) – Dirty, Dangerous, & Deadly – Men, Women, & Children Worked for Low Pay Early Labor Organizing – NLU – National Labor Union, 1866 – CNLU – Colored National Labor Union – Knight of Labor, 1869 – Arbitration & Strikes the tools of Unions
Topic 5. Union Movements Diverge Craft Unionism – AFL – American Federation of Labor 1886 Samuel Gompers Union of Skilled Workers Used Strikes & Collective Bargaining to gain higher wages and better working conditions Industrial Unionism – ARU – American Railway Union 1894 Eugene Debs Union of Unskilled, Semiskilled, & Skilled Workers
Topic 5. Union Movements Diverge cont. Socialism & the IWW – Socialism – Economic & Political System based on Government Control of the economy – IWW – Industrial Worker of the World Wobblies – 1905 by William Big Bill Haywood Other Labor Activism in the West – Labor Unions formed for Farmworkers & Miners
Topic 6. Strikes Turn Violent Great Strike of 1877 – Railroad workers went on Strike & Shut down 50K miles of track for a week – President Hays sent federal troops to end the strike Haymarket Affair – Union members gathered to protest police brutality – As they left a riot broke out Several workers were killed Homestead Strike – Steel works went on Strike – Pinkerton Detectives were hired to control strikers – Scabs – replacement workers
Topic 6. Strikes Turn Violent cont. Pullman Company Strike – 1893 Pullman laid off 3,000 employees & reduce worker pay – Strikes turned violent & Strikers were fired Women Organize – UMW – United Mine Workers of America 1877 – Equal pay for Equal work – Mary H Jones – Led children workers on a march to Theodore Roosevelts house – ILGWU – International Ladies Garment Workers Union 1909 – 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 146 women were trapped Management & Government Pressure Unions – Yellow-Dog Contracts – Would not join a Union – Used the Sherman Antitrust Act to stop Unions
Section 3 Summary: Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 3. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences. Write your own summary of what is important to remember about section 3. This summary should only be 3-4 sentences.