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Presented by: Van Allen Lemmon, OTR/L

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1 Presented by: Van Allen Lemmon, OTR/L

2 In July 2008, the Apple App Store opened. Since the inception of the Apple App store, there have been approximately 1.2 million apps developed. On average, 17,400 apps have been introduced each month. Apps are popular because they are readily available, relatively inexpensive, and typically easy to master. Apps are “like a box of chocolates. You never know what you are gonna get.” Ideally, consumers should do video searches of apps and read reviews. Don’t rely on developer descriptions!


4 Some apps promote specific skills (e.g., letter formation, simple math facts). Some apps can be regarded as effective accommodations. Some apps provide equal access to learning consistent with the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL).

5 Universal Design for Learning Foster motivation and interest for learning Provides students with multiple means of expression Presents information in different ways

6 Handwriting and the iPad The existing handwriting apps largely focus on tracing and letter formation. Handwriting apps should not take the place of formal handwriting instruction; the iPad should simply be regarded as a supplemental support. The existing handwriting apps are frequently more motivating to students because they provide colorful graphics, animation, and sound. iPad and tablet cases will frequently position the tablet in a vertical position. This position is ideal for writing because it orients the tablet vertically. By writing on a vertical surface, the wrist is forced in an extended position. This wrist extension contributes to an open web space (the thumb and index finger being held in a nice rounded position). Non-skid material can be used to stabilize the iPad case. To create the connection between the app and handwriting, a stylus is suggested.

7 Stylus Usage The cost of an iPad stylus can vary from $3 to $30. A stylus with a disc tip is more expensive but enables users to have greater precision. The foam tip styluses are more durable and less expensive.

8 Difficulties with Handwriting Dysgraphia Some individuals are impulsive and rush through writing tasks. For some individuals, handwriting is not a natural process. The stature of one’s handwriting cannot be contained within provided spaces (e.g., a worksheet). A slow writing speed compromises overall production of work. All of these factors can necessitate assistive technology supports.

9 Factors to Consider with Expressive Writing Prewriting process which includes idea generation as well as organization of thoughts. Most effective means of composing written work. Editing Process

10 Reading The goal of reading is comprehension. Assistive Technology uses supports such as: text-to-speech software/apps; audio books; and video supports. Open Dyslexic fonts are designed to increase readability for readers with dyslexia. There is greater variation between letters. The typeface is being continuously updated based on input from dyslexic users. For your desktop or laptop, a free copy of the font can be downloaded at


12 planning, organizing, strategizing, paying attention to and remembering details, and managing time and space. Planning Managing Time And Space

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