Presentation on theme: "Hazards in The Workplace and Measures to Overcome Them Idham Hafize Supi Fatimah Che Rahimi."— Presentation transcript:
Hazards in The Workplace and Measures to Overcome Them Idham Hafize Supi Fatimah Che Rahimi
Introduction Dental personnel and other dental staffs are always exposed to various numbers of occupational hazards in the course of performing their daily tasks and works. Objectives: To know the types of hazards in the workplace To understand the effect of hazards to dental personnel and staffs To know the measures taken to overcome hazards in Faculty of Dentistry, USIM
Occupational Hazards Definition: Occupational hazard = risk accepted as consequences of occupation that harm workers. The management of hazards are based on Laws of Malaysia: Occupational Safety and Health Act Guidelines on Infection Control in Dental Practice
Types of Hazards HazardsChemicalBiologicalPhysicalPsychological
Biological Hazards Definition: biological substances that provide threats to the health of people. associated with a significant risk of exposure to various microorganisms Hepatitis virus, herpes simplex virus, HIV, mycobacterium tuberculosis, candida, Escherichia coli etc Origin: Blood, saliva and respiratory secretions.
Biological Hazards How? Direct contact Instruments Airborne transmission Ventilation system, water and food
Administrative Ensuring appropriate preventive steps are taken All proper work procedure are recorded and documented Dental personnel are trained to use the proper procedure Compliance with all infection prevention and control practices Safe work procedures and education Complete history taking of patients
Engineering proper design and maintenance of facilities room design effective biological waste containment proper disinfection of instruments decontamination of environment surfaces Immunization
effective biological waste containment
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Protective clothing Gloves Eye protection Respiratory protection equipment to minimize the infection = rubber dam, high-speed evacuation Patient’s protection = bib and protective eyewear
Types of chemical Disinfectant Methyl Metacrylate Measures
Disinfectant Use for cleaning and disinfection. quaternary ammonium salts iodophors phenolic compounds hydrogen peroxide. Side Effects Eye, skin, and respiratory irritants Toxic effects
Methyl Metacrylate Use for dental prosthesis. Side effect Eye, skin and mucous membrane irritant. Symptoms - chest tightness, - dyspnea, - coughing, - Wheezing.
Chemical Hazards: Measures MeasuresAdministrativeEngineering Personal Protective Equipment
Administrative Educate workers in the nature of the hazard. Ensure good hygiene practices. Store products appropriately to decrease exposure. Medical monitoring of workers. Proper waste disposal.
Proper storage waste product to prevent exposure
Engineering Substitution with less harmful product. Maintain adequate general ventilation. Local exhaust ventilation when removing old amalgams. Enclosed mixing devices. Labelling.
Improper Personal Protective Equipment Proper Personal Protective Equipment
Conclusions Occupational health hazards are still prevailing in current dental profession. It is very important to improve and increase the effort in promoting occupational safety and health to all healthcare professionals. Faculty of Dentistry of USIM has followed all the precautions that should be taken to prevent and decrease the occupational hazards.
References WSA-handbook-dental-workers.pdf 03/57TOOHSJ.pdf Laws of Malaysia: Occupational Safety and Health Act Guidelines in Infection Control in Dental Practice