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Born Accessible Tools of Change Conference 2013. Page 2 Tools, Standards, Techniques and Developments for Inclusive Publishing.

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Presentation on theme: "Born Accessible Tools of Change Conference 2013. Page 2 Tools, Standards, Techniques and Developments for Inclusive Publishing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Born Accessible Tools of Change Conference 2013

2 Page 2 Tools, Standards, Techniques and Developments for Inclusive Publishing

3 Page 3 PANELISTS / ATTENDEES Betsy Beaumon, VP and GM for Literacy, Benetech George Kerscher, President, IDPF; Secretary General, The DAISY Consortium; Senior Officer, Accessible Technology, Learning Ally Larry Goldberg, Director, WGBHs National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) William Chesser, VP of Sales, Ingram | VitalSource Doug Klein, Accessibility Lead, Nook Media, LLC Gerardo Capiel, VP of Engineering, Benetech Robin Seaman, Director of Content Acquisition, Benetech Suzy Haines, Digital Content Manager, Benetech

4 Page 4 UserDiscoveryDistribution Content Authoring Standards Todays Discussion

5 Page 5 Users

6 Page 6 Screen Reader

7 Page 7 Screen Reader Setting Expectations 25+ years of persons who are blind getting access to information Functionality on PC setting expectations for reading systems Efficient reading Control over reading experience

8 Page 8 BISG Grid Usability and Accessibility WindowsOverdriveBluefireSupport/Functionality Field Definitions Hide structural navigation levels X?NoThe RS supports collapsing/ expanding selected levels of the Navigation Document toc nav where applicable Device Keyboard Accessibility No? The RS enables users to use the devices keyboard to interact (open/close, navigate, access settings/options) with EPUB User Interface controls exposed to and traversible by assistive technologies X?XThe user interface controls are exposed via platform accessibility APIs Text content exposed to and traversible by assistive technologies X?NoThe content document DOM (or parts thereof when dynamically paginated) is exposed via platform accessibility APIs Additional note – accessibility and usability

9 Page 9 Reading System Screening Methodology Need a methodology to contribute to the BISG Grid Need a methodology that schools can use to evaluate reading systems Simple enough for evaluations to be crowdsourced Planned by end of 2 nd quarter 2013

10 Page 10 Pass or Fail on Reading Systems Accessible reading systems must meet basic (pass/fail) tests Menus, controls, reading, spelling, discovery, acquisition Support reading with eyes, ears and fingers Work for all people

11 Page 11 Features Enable Ranking of Reading System Once fundamental accessibility is established, we can compare reading systems Quality of reading experience Ease of use Power for learning

12 Page 12 iBooks – The User Experience Accessible content –Text –Images –Multimedia and controls –MathML Accessible navigation Just a starting point... »iBooks demo

13 Page 13 iBooks – The User Experience

14 Page 14 Bookshare Web Reader

15 Page 15 Discovery ACCESSIBLE = DISCOVERABLE

16 Page 16 Discovery of Accessible Educational Resources LRMI is a new specification for tagging Learning Resources, as a subset of Schema.org –Led by Association of Education Publishers and Creative Commons Other efforts have tackled accessibility (a11y) metadata –Dublin Core Accessibility –Access for All (ISO 24751, IMS Global), EDItEUR/ONIX Learn more at

17 Page 17 Educational Video Search Example

18 Page 18 Google Recipe

19 Page 19 An Inclusive Experience: Can I use the standard services of your store? Identification of Content: Can I find things that address my special needs? Retail Considerations

20 Page 20 Simple search today Smart filters based on metadata, rendition specifications tomorrow Finding Appropriate Content

21 Page 21 OReilly

22 Page 22 Bilbary

23 Page 23 Accessibility - 8 Lessons Learned Case Study

24 Page 24 Longevity Is required Its a journey, not a destination There is nocheckbox of compliance Stay involved, stay current

25 Page 25 There Are No Binary Decisions Readers vs. Formats vs. Content vs. Delivery

26 Page 26 Mainstream – Its More Than a Noun It has to be a verb! You need to worry about: The application availability The content delivery The reading experience

27 Page 27 Keep Control of Your Content cul-de-sacs vs. highways Assume reuse in the future Many non-W3C formats (e.g., PDF, Shockwave, etc) require viewing with either plug-ins or stand-alone applications. Often, these formats cannot be viewed or navigated with standard user agents (including assistive technologies)." Web Content Accessibility Guideline 11. Many non-W3C formats (e.g., PDF, Shockwave, etc) require viewing with either plug-ins or stand-alone applications. Often, these formats cannot be viewed or navigated with standard user agents (including assistive technologies)." Web Content Accessibility Guideline 11.

28 Page 28 Turn Off the Screen and Listen Revisit old decisions with your ears Recognize the need to change

29 Page 29 Standards Work MathML wins for everyone Let the reading system use it, fall back to tags f ⁡ ( x ) = ( x + 10 ) f(x) = (x + 10) f of x equals open parenthesis x plus 10 close parenthesis

30 Page 30 People Are Mobile Assume nomadic behavior Optimize for mobility

31 Page 31 Stand on Shoulders, but Be in a Crowd Use what you can Invent what you must Share everything

32 Page 32 Page replica Control to flip toArticle View Accessible view Magazines contain both original print format and the article content as separate renditions. Allows user to choose alternate views dynamically - a clear accessibility option that solves a generic consumer problem and enables TTS support as well! PDF Extract articles to different rendition Combined renditions carried through flow User presented viewing options (or accessibility flag utilizes article rendition only) Nook DRP Example

33 Page 33 Distribution must consider multiple formats, multiple rendition options Display options Interaction models Media support Multiple Formats

34 Page 34 Accessible Content Highlights Structure Navigation Sections Text Reflowable Style/Content Formatting Tables & Lists Dont use pictures Math MathML Description Images Image descriptions Alt text Video Track: subtitles, description, etc. Accessible EPUB 3 Guidelines:

35 Page 35 9 Tips for Creating Accessible EPUB 3 Files dards-and-practices/54-9-tips-for- creating-accessible-epub-3- files.html

36 Page 36 What Is Built-in Accessibility in Commercial Publications? A mainstream publication Useable directly by people reading with their eyes, ears or fingers No need for modification Works with screen readers Works with other Assistive Technology (AT) Has great navigation

37 Page 37 EPUB 3 Accessibility Supporting Materials 9 Tips for Creating Accessible EPUB 3 EPUB 3 Accessibility Guidelines online at: EPUB 3 Best Practices, Matt Garrish (OReilly) Accessibility Forum:

38 Page 38 Demand Accessible EPUB 3 Support in Authoring Tools Software developers should be hearing from purchasers Publishers, universities, governmental agencies need accessible EPUB3 Adobe InDesign CS6 is OK; CS7 will be much improved. Oxygen has EPUB 3 support built in BlueGriffon Indesign Plugin CircularFLO More to comedemand accessibility

39 Page 39 EPUB 3 Builds on W3C Technologies HTML 5 for the content document MathML SVG Canvas Interactivity through JavaScript Video

40 Page 40 Accessibility Features of EPUB 3 Attention to accessibility from the beginning Synchronized text and audio through Media Overlays Rich navigation model made famous by DAISY TTS lexicons for correct synthetic pronunciation

41 Page 41 Standards Harmonization W3C Great Expectations Workshop February 11 & 12, 2013 Sponsored by IDPF, BISG and W3C AAP endorsement of EPUB 3 BISG Endorsement of EPUB 3 DAISY Consortium move to EPUB 3 for distribution

42 Page 42 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience File preparation Tools Import/export Descriptions, captions, titles How to: Creating Accessible iBooks Textbooks with iBooks Author –https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/creating- accessible-ibooks/id ?mt=11https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/creating- accessible-ibooks/id ?mt=11

43 Page 43 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience iBook Textbooks and iBooks –ePub3 with Apple extensions, only usable on iPad (not other iOS or other OS X devices) –integrates interactive components (e.g., multimedia, review questions, image galleries, others) that can be made accessible through descriptions and labels –IBA 2.0 represents improved accessibility over IBA 1.0

44 Page 44 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience iBook Textbooks and iBooks –As with HTML or PDF, authors should follow accepted practices, including… headings; image descriptions; sufficient contrast; careful link wording; appropriate use of color, etc. –IBA 2.0 supports the inclusion of MathML VoiceOver will render MathML embedded in an iBooks Textbook

45 Page 45 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience iBook Textbooks and iBooks –IBA does not import other epub documents Imports source documents from Word or Pages –Pay attention to style and formatting in the source document to reduce post-import work –IBA does not export straight EPUB (i.e., without Apple extensions) It does export PDF (untagged) and plain text

46 Page 46 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

47 Page 47 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

48 Page 48 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

49 Page 49 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

50 Page 50 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

51 Page 51 iBooks Author 2 – The Authoring Experience

52 Page 52 POET

53 Page 53 Math Helper and MathTrax

54 Page 54 Video in eBooks Closed captions –Formats: scc, TTML, SMPTE-TT, srt, SubRip,DFXP... –Captions v. subtitles

55 Page 55 THANK YOU! Betsy Beaumon: George Kerscher: Larry Goldberg: William Chesser: Doug Klein: Gerardo Capiel: Robin Seaman: Suzy Haines:

56 Page 56 Resources and Links DIAGRAM Center: Poet: BISG Grid: 9 Tips for Creating Accessible EPUB 3: practices/54-9-tips-for-creating-accessible-epub-3-files.htmlhttp://www.diagramcenter.org/standards-and- practices/54-9-tips-for-creating-accessible-epub-3-files.html National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM): DAISY Consortium: IDPF: Benetech: Bookshare: BN.com Nook: Ingram VitalSource: Accessibility in EPUB 3, Matt Garrish: Published by OReilly Media Compliance by Katie Cunningham: Published by OReilly Media,

57 Page 57 MAKE BORN DIGITAL BORN ACCESSIBLE!


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