2 What is “TIQA” ? Topic sentence Introduce quote: Using your own words, introduce necessary information to put the quote into context. Often this will include specific information about exposition (main characters, inciting actions, the characters’ personalities, conflicts etc.).Quote: provide your quoteAnalyze: Explain the importance of the quote and how it supports your topic sentence.Topic Sentence: Reverend Parris’s niece, Abigail Williams, cleverly diverts her uncle’s accusations in many ways.Introduce Quote/Quote: Instead of answering his questions about witchcraft and dancing in the woods, Abigail denies the possibility of any foul play saying, “It were sport, uncle!” (I.915).Analyze: Her inability to address Parris’s question directly shows how cunning and sneaky Abigail is. The clever girl doesn’t admit she was doing anything wrong and successfully avoids punishment.
3 TIQA Part 2Transition Sentence: transition from the first example to your second example.Introduce Point to be Supported By Your Quote: introduce your second piece of evidence.Quote: provide your second quote.Analyze: analyze your second quotes, and if possible, tie the two pieces of evidence together to make a larger argument.
4 Integrating Quotations into Sentences The 4 Steps1. FIRST identify the speakera. narratorb. characterc. NEVER the authorEx: Whitney says, “The place has areputation- a bad one.”
5 Integrating Quotations into Sentences 2. Copy the quotation exactly as it is in the book. Put quotation marks around the quotation.EX: Whitney says, “The place has a reputation- a bad one.”
6 …continuedIf you want to take any words out of the quotation, delete the words and replace with an ellipse. It looks like this- …If you want to add words to the quotation, add words and put brackets around them. Brackets look like this: [ ]Ex: Rainsford thinks, “It’s so dark…I could sleep without closing my eyes [because] the night would be my eyelids”
7 Integrating Quotes 3. Cite the source of the quotation. Write the author’s last name and page number. Put parenthesis around author’s last name and page number. End the sentence with a period after the parenthesis. Subsequent quotations from the same source and page number should cite only the page number.
8 Integrating QuotesEx: Rainsford thinks, “It’s so dark… I could sleep without closing my eyes [because] the night would be my eyelids” (Connell 69). As he fell overboard “the blood-warm waters of the Caribbean Sea closed over his head” (69).
9 Integrating Quotes4. Read your sentence to make sure it flows seamlessly. Marry your sentence with the quotation!