2What is “TIQA” ? Topic sentence Introduce quote: Using your own words, introduce necessary information to put the quote into context. Often this will include specific information about exposition (main characters, inciting actions, the characters’ personalities, conflicts etc.).Quote: provide your quoteAnalyze: Explain the importance of the quote and how it supports your topic sentence.Topic Sentence: Reverend Parris’s niece, Abigail Williams, cleverly diverts her uncle’s accusations in many ways.Introduce Quote/Quote: Instead of answering his questions about witchcraft and dancing in the woods, Abigail denies the possibility of any foul play saying, “It were sport, uncle!” (I.915).Analyze: Her inability to address Parris’s question directly shows how cunning and sneaky Abigail is. The clever girl doesn’t admit she was doing anything wrong and successfully avoids punishment.
3TIQA Part 2Transition Sentence: transition from the first example to your second example.Introduce Point to be Supported By Your Quote: introduce your second piece of evidence.Quote: provide your second quote.Analyze: analyze your second quotes, and if possible, tie the two pieces of evidence together to make a larger argument.
4Integrating Quotations into Sentences The 4 Steps1. FIRST identify the speakera. narratorb. characterc. NEVER the authorEx: Whitney says, “The place has areputation- a bad one.”
5Integrating Quotations into Sentences 2. Copy the quotation exactly as it is in the book. Put quotation marks around the quotation.EX: Whitney says, “The place has a reputation- a bad one.”
6…continuedIf you want to take any words out of the quotation, delete the words and replace with an ellipse. It looks like this- …If you want to add words to the quotation, add words and put brackets around them. Brackets look like this: [ ]Ex: Rainsford thinks, “It’s so dark…I could sleep without closing my eyes [because] the night would be my eyelids”
7Integrating Quotes 3. Cite the source of the quotation. Write the author’s last name and page number. Put parenthesis around author’s last name and page number. End the sentence with a period after the parenthesis. Subsequent quotations from the same source and page number should cite only the page number.
8Integrating QuotesEx: Rainsford thinks, “It’s so dark… I could sleep without closing my eyes [because] the night would be my eyelids” (Connell 69). As he fell overboard “the blood-warm waters of the Caribbean Sea closed over his head” (69).
9Integrating Quotes4. Read your sentence to make sure it flows seamlessly. Marry your sentence with the quotation!