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America Enters WWII FDR Supports England Neutrality Act of 1939 – Public opinion strongly supported him – Warring nations could buy weapons Cash and.

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Presentation on theme: "America Enters WWII FDR Supports England Neutrality Act of 1939 – Public opinion strongly supported him – Warring nations could buy weapons Cash and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 America Enters WWII

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4 FDR Supports England Neutrality Act of 1939 – Public opinion strongly supported him – Warring nations could buy weapons Cash and carry – Destroyers for Bases Deal Old ships for the right to build bases Loophole

5 Isolationist Debate Shift in opinion – 1940 Fight for Freedom Committee – Immediate declaration of war on Germany Committee to Defend America – Aid but no armed intervention America First Committee – Opposed any aid or intervention 1940 – FDR elected president for a 3 rd term – Campaigned between neutrality and intervention

6 Edging Toward War Lend-Lease Act (1940) – A way to remove the cash requirement – “vital to the defense of the U.S.” – “the arsenal of democracy” – Soviet Union Hitler disregarded the Nazi-Soviet Pact Hemispheric Defense Zone – U.S. Navy would patrol the western Atlantic and reveal the location of German subs Atlantic Charter (August 1940) – Committed the two leaders to postwar democracy, non aggression, free trade, and freedom of the seas – FDR looking for a reason Reuben James

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8 America Embargoes Japan FDR wanted to weaken Japan – Restricted strategic materials to Japan 80% of Japan’s oil came from the U.S Congress passed the Export Control Act – Japan allied itself with Germany & Italy Lend-Lease aid to China – FDR froze Japanese assets – Force Japan out of China – Japanese negotiate, but prepare for war

9 Japan Attacks U.S. failure to collect sufficient data

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13 US enters the War After the attacks on Pearl Harbor, FDR asked congress to declare war on Japan – Near unanimous vote sent us to war – Germany then declares war on US Similarities between Pearl Harbor and 9/11

14 Assignment Create a Newspaper Front page about the day after Pearl Harbor Must have – Headline – Picture – Description – Color


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