Presentation on theme: "Chapter 24 America Enters the War Section 4 America Enters the War."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 24 America Enters the War Section 4 America Enters the War
FDR Supports England Two days after Britain and France declared war against Germany, FDR declared the United States neutral. Neutrality Act of 1939 – allowed warring countries to buy weapons from the U.S. as long as they paid cash and carried them away on their own ships.
Destroyers for Bases FDR used a loophole in the N.A. of 39 and sent 50 American destroyers to Britain in exchange for the right to build American bases on Newfoundland, Bermuda, and Caribbean islands.
The Isolationist Debate After the German invasion of France the American opinion changed to favor limited aid to the Allies. American First Committee – opposed any American intervention or aid to the Allies.
Election of 1940 FDR decided to run for an unprecedented 3 rd term. Roosevelt won by a large margin.
Edging Toward War Lend-Lease Act – said the U.S. could lend or lease arms to any country considered, vital to the defense of the U.S. June 1941 – Hitler began a massive invasion of the Soviet Union. Violated the Nazi-Soviet Pact.
Hemispheric Defense Zone FDR developed the HDZ, which declared the entire western half of the Atlantic as part of the Western Hemisphere and therefore neutral. This allowed for U.S. naval patrols to reveal the location of German subs.
The Atlantic Charter August 1941, FDR and Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed to the Atlantic Charter. Committed the 2 to a postwar world of democracy, nonaggression, free trade, economic advancement, and freedom of the seas.
Atlantic incident German u-boat fired on the American destroyer Greer. Roosevelt gave the shoot on site order. Germans then sank the Reuben James and killed 115 sailors.
Japan Attacks the U.S. July 1940, Congress passed the Export Control Act, giving FDR the power to restrict the sale of strategic materials to other countries. Immediately blocked the sale of airplane fuel and scrap iron to Japan. Japan signed an alliance with Germany and Italy.
Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor Japanese decided to attack colonies in SE Asia, seize the Philippines, and attack Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941, sinking or damaging 21 ships, killing 2403 Americans, and injuring hundreds more.
FDR Response The next day FDR declares war on Japan. December 11, 1941 – Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. America is at war!!!