40 In what country are the Ashanti people found? Ghana
41 In what country did the Bantus come from? Nigeria
42 What religion was brought to Africa from the Middle East? Islam
43 What area of Africa do the Swahili live? East Africa
44 What are two ways in which people of the Sahel make a living? Heading and Subsistence Farming
45 What one word describes the savanna? Grasslands
46 What is one reason why the Sahel, Savanna, and rainforests are being destroyed? Increase population
47 What is the main religion of the Swahili people? Islam
48 Europe’s need for Raw Materials led to what? The“Scramble for Africa”?
49 What is the term given to a country that builds an empire by conquering colonies to provide raw materials for a stronger country?Imperialism
50 The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa What was the Berlin Conference?The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa
51 Jomo Kenyatta was an African nationalist leader from which country?
52 He worked to abolish Apartheid What was Nelson Mandela’s role in the evolution of Apartheid in South Africa?He worked to abolish Apartheid
53 Political Independence from the During the 1950’s and 1960’s most African countries experienced what??Political Independence from theEuropean Powers
54 Development of a unified political identity in Africa What is the purpose Pan-Africanism today?Development of a unified political identity in Africa
55 Live in homelands and use separate facilities Under apartheid, black South Africans were forced??Live in homelands and use separate facilities
56 What valuable natural resources made the British want to take over South Africa? Gold and Diamonds
57 When did many African groups begin to challenge European colonial rule? After World War II
58 What has been a major problem in Nigeria since independence? Religious conflict between Muslims and Christians & Ethnic conflict
59 Wars fought between opposing sides within a single nation are what type of conflict? A Civil War.
60 Why did Europeans build empires in Africa? Europeans wanted the natural resources found there, and to expand their empires.
61 Government corruption, civil wars, poverty, and revolutions. What are all of the results of political instability in Africa since independence? Name at least two.Government corruption, civil wars, poverty, and revolutions.
62 What is genocide?The preplanned murder of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group.
63 What two African nations were independent during European colonialism? Liberia & Ethiopia
64 Who was F.W. De Klerk?The white president who helped bring an end to apartheid in South Africa
65 Poverty and a lack of economic development in Africa What was the main consequence of EUROPEAN COLONIZATION?Poverty and a lack of economic development in Africa
66 The European Powers race to colonize the During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, what was the term, “Scramble for Africa”used to describe?The European Powers race to colonize theAfrican Continent.
67 Kwame Nkrumah was an African nationalist leader from what country? Ghana
68 What was The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa? The Berlin Conference
69 The disease is spread by mosquitoes Malaria, one of the leading causes of death on the African continent, is spread how?The disease is spread by mosquitoes
70 In what country has the Janjaweed murdered hundreds of thousands in Darfur? Sudan
71 Nelson Mandela Who’s work to abolish Apartheid in South Africa landed him in prison for 27 years?Nelson Mandela
72 African National Congress Mandela was the leader of what organization which led to his 27 year imprisonment?The ANC orAfrican National Congress
73 Why did many of the boundaries of the new African states created after World War II cause problems? The boundaries split tribes and put opposing tribes in the same country
74 The war between the Hutu and the Tutsi can best be described as what type of conflict? An Ethnic Conflict.
75 Conquer colonies to provide raw materials Under imperialism, a country must do what to build a stronger country?Conquer colonies to provide raw materials
76 What is a person(s) called that has to flee their home for safety called? REFUGEE
77 Europeans followed the old colonial boundaries Which was most often used to draw new boundaries for African countries during independence?Europeans followed the old colonial boundaries
78 How do the literacy rates for boys and girls compare in both Kenya and Sudan? Literacy rates for boys are higher
79 A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power Autocracy
80 a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler Theocracy
81 In general, countries with strong economies have __________ literacy rates High
82 What type of government controls most aspects of its peoples life. Authoritarian or Autocracy
83 A small group of powerful leaders are in charge in this type of government… Oligarchy
84 What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? making and carrying out the laws
85 How is the leader of a Presidential Democracy chosen? The president is chosen in a vote by the people.
86 Why is Sudan not a true Republic? Votes don’t count unless they are for the National Congress Party
87 What is a Political Trade Barrier that places a tax on incoming goods? tariff
88 People who can work, solve problems, and create businesses are called what? Human Resources
89 Representative Democracy or Republic What type of government citizens choose representatives to make and enforce the lawsRepresentative Democracy or Republic
90 A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, South Africa…)Federal Republic
91 The central government holds most of the power in _________ government. UNITARY
92 African country have we studied that could be considered an Oligarchy prior to 1994??? South Africa
93 Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? Democratic
94 Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? Autocratic(Dictators and Monarchs)
95 What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? Absolute Monarchy
96 Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition
97 A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an Theocracy
98 Representative Democracy a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States)Representative Democracy
99 The US and other countries tried to persuade the S The US and other countries tried to persuade the S. African Government to quit its policy of Apartheid by limiting trade with the country. What type of political trade barrier is this??Sanctions
100 Sudan (Military Dictatorship) Which African country that we have studied have an Autocratic Government system?Sudan(Military Dictatorship)
101 Constitutional Monarchy What type of government gives the king or queen very little control, they are more of a figure head?Constitutional Monarchy
102 Education & Prevention Which strategy would MOST help in preventing the spread of AIDS in Africa?Education & Prevention
103 Most countries in the world have what type of economy? Mixed
104 Why is specialization so valuable in international trade today? Specialization allows people to do a more efficient job at producing what they make best and trade for the things they want
105 Make it possible for World Trade Why is it important for nations to have a system to convert from one currency to another?Make it possible for World Trade