46What is one reason why the Sahel, Savanna, and rainforests are being destroyed? Increase population
47What is the main religion of the Swahili people? Islam
48Europe’s need for Raw Materials led to what? The“Scramble for Africa”?
49What is the term given to a country that builds an empire by conquering colonies to provide raw materials for a stronger country?Imperialism
50The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa What was the Berlin Conference?The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa
51Jomo Kenyatta was an African nationalist leader from which country?
52He worked to abolish Apartheid What was Nelson Mandela’s role in the evolution of Apartheid in South Africa?He worked to abolish Apartheid
53Political Independence from the During the 1950’s and 1960’s most African countries experienced what??Political Independence from theEuropean Powers
54Development of a unified political identity in Africa What is the purpose Pan-Africanism today?Development of a unified political identity in Africa
55Live in homelands and use separate facilities Under apartheid, black South Africans were forced??Live in homelands and use separate facilities
56What valuable natural resources made the British want to take over South Africa? Gold and Diamonds
57When did many African groups begin to challenge European colonial rule? After World War II
58What has been a major problem in Nigeria since independence? Religious conflict between Muslims and Christians & Ethnic conflict
59Wars fought between opposing sides within a single nation are what type of conflict? A Civil War.
60Why did Europeans build empires in Africa? Europeans wanted the natural resources found there, and to expand their empires.
61Government corruption, civil wars, poverty, and revolutions. What are all of the results of political instability in Africa since independence? Name at least two.Government corruption, civil wars, poverty, and revolutions.
62What is genocide?The preplanned murder of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group.
63What two African nations were independent during European colonialism? Liberia & Ethiopia
64Who was F.W. De Klerk?The white president who helped bring an end to apartheid in South Africa
65Poverty and a lack of economic development in Africa What was the main consequence of EUROPEAN COLONIZATION?Poverty and a lack of economic development in Africa
66The European Powers race to colonize the During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, what was the term, “Scramble for Africa”used to describe?The European Powers race to colonize theAfrican Continent.
67Kwame Nkrumah was an African nationalist leader from what country? Ghana
68What was The meeting of the European powers to decide how to divide up Africa? The Berlin Conference
69The disease is spread by mosquitoes Malaria, one of the leading causes of death on the African continent, is spread how?The disease is spread by mosquitoes
70In what country has the Janjaweed murdered hundreds of thousands in Darfur? Sudan
71Nelson Mandela Who’s work to abolish Apartheid in South Africa landed him in prison for 27 years?Nelson Mandela
72African National Congress Mandela was the leader of what organization which led to his 27 year imprisonment?The ANC orAfrican National Congress
73Why did many of the boundaries of the new African states created after World War II cause problems? The boundaries split tribes and put opposing tribes in the same country
74The war between the Hutu and the Tutsi can best be described as what type of conflict? An Ethnic Conflict.
75Conquer colonies to provide raw materials Under imperialism, a country must do what to build a stronger country?Conquer colonies to provide raw materials
76What is a person(s) called that has to flee their home for safety called? REFUGEE
77Europeans followed the old colonial boundaries Which was most often used to draw new boundaries for African countries during independence?Europeans followed the old colonial boundaries
78How do the literacy rates for boys and girls compare in both Kenya and Sudan? Literacy rates for boys are higher
79A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power Autocracy
80a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler Theocracy
81In general, countries with strong economies have __________ literacy rates High
82What type of government controls most aspects of its peoples life. Authoritarian or Autocracy
83A small group of powerful leaders are in charge in this type of government… Oligarchy
84What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? making and carrying out the laws
85How is the leader of a Presidential Democracy chosen? The president is chosen in a vote by the people.
86Why is Sudan not a true Republic? Votes don’t count unless they are for the National Congress Party
87What is a Political Trade Barrier that places a tax on incoming goods? tariff
88People who can work, solve problems, and create businesses are called what? Human Resources
89Representative Democracy or Republic What type of government citizens choose representatives to make and enforce the lawsRepresentative Democracy or Republic
90A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, South Africa…)Federal Republic
91The central government holds most of the power in _________ government. UNITARY
92African country have we studied that could be considered an Oligarchy prior to 1994??? South Africa
93Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? Democratic
94Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? Autocratic(Dictators and Monarchs)
95What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? Absolute Monarchy
96Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition
97A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an Theocracy
98Representative Democracy a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States)Representative Democracy
99The US and other countries tried to persuade the S The US and other countries tried to persuade the S. African Government to quit its policy of Apartheid by limiting trade with the country. What type of political trade barrier is this??Sanctions
100Sudan (Military Dictatorship) Which African country that we have studied have an Autocratic Government system?Sudan(Military Dictatorship)
101Constitutional Monarchy What type of government gives the king or queen very little control, they are more of a figure head?Constitutional Monarchy
102Education & Prevention Which strategy would MOST help in preventing the spread of AIDS in Africa?Education & Prevention
103Most countries in the world have what type of economy? Mixed
104Why is specialization so valuable in international trade today? Specialization allows people to do a more efficient job at producing what they make best and trade for the things they want
105Make it possible for World Trade Why is it important for nations to have a system to convert from one currency to another?Make it possible for World Trade